留学生论文写作没有突破?练练语法多样性! - 留学生essay代写网

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留学生论文写作没有突破?练练语法多样性!

如何写好文献综述
        很多留学生对自己的语法过于自信(毕竟初中高中几乎不停地在练语法单选题),随性地凭语感写句子,而忽略了语法中一个非常重要得分点:多样性!所以,今天在这里,Meeloun小编以一个小句子为例,以“费尽心机”的25种翻译方式,希望可以帮你找到各种语法结构之间的共性,下次在写留学生论文的时候不要捉襟见肘。

        所有的句子都以下面的这个内容为翻译对象:

        我们要采取措施,解决这个问题

        (一会翻译的时候,会根据不同句型的需求,适当增减一些信息,只求大体意思的切合即可。)

        ▍ 简单句:主动

        People need to take measures to deal with this issue.
        Governments are forced to propose a number of measures to prevent the situation from getting worse.
        (此处真正的主语“人”可以替换,措施不一定只能由人完成。)

        ▍ 简单句:被动1

        Measures should be taken to deal with this issue.
        Measures aimed at solving this issue should be taken.
        (此处真正的主语“人”可以省略,谁干的不重要。)

        ▍ 简单句:被动2
        This issue needs to be addressed by a series of effective measures.

        ▍ 简单句:there be

        There are some effective measures that can solve this issue.

        ▍ it作形式主语
        It is urgent that measures should be taken to address the issue.

        ▍ 并列句

        The issue needs to be dealt with, and we have to take measures immediately.

        ▍ 定语从句

        The government is introducing tougher measures to deal with the issue that is urgently needed to be addressed.

        ▍ 非限定性定语从句

        The situation is intolerable, which forces us to take measures immediately.

        ▍ 宾语从句

        The efficiency of dealing with the issue depends on how effective the measures are.

        ▍ 表语从句

        The aim of these measures is that the situation is effectively controlled.

        ▍ 同位语从句

        Governments need to make regulations that those who further worsen the current situation will be severely punished.

        ▍ 时间状语从句

        When we take measures immediately, the issue can be dealt with.
        The issue can be dealt with after we take effective measures.
        The issue can hardly be dealt with before we take effective measures.
        (强调前后顺序的话,after/ before 是不错的选择)

        ▍ 条件状语从句

        This issue can be effectively dealt with if we take more measures.
        The issue can hardly be dealt with if we do not take effective measures immediately.

        ▍ 结果状语从句

        Many people are taking measures, so the situation is getting much better now.

        ▍ 目的状语从句

        A number of measures are taken in order to deal with the situation.

        ▍ 原因状语从句

        Because the situation is getting worse, we have no alternative but to take drastic measures right away.

        ▍ 让步状语从句

        Although the situation is terrible, we need to take effective measures.

        ▍ so … that …如此以至于

        The condition is so serious that we have to take effective measures immediately.

        ▍ with 结构

        This issue can be solved with more effective measures.
        This issue can be solved with more effective measures being taken.
        This issue can be solved with more effective measures taken.
        (with结构后面可以加名词,或者自带主语的分词结构)

        ▍ 现在分词

        Considering the seriousness of the current condition, we have to take strong measures immediately.

        ▍ 过去分词

        Adopted by more governments, these new policies have greatly improved the condition.

        ▍ by doing

        Governments need to control the situation by taking more effective and practical measures.

        ▍ 倒装

        So severe is the situation that we have to take measures immediately.
        Only by taking more effective and practical measures can this issue be dealt with.

        ▍ 强调

        It is the new measures that the government take in order to deal with this issue.
        It is to deal with the issue that governments act jointly and take a number of measures.

        ▍ 插入语

        The new policy, a series of preventive measures, is adopted to handle the situation.

        细心的你有没有发现,上面的25种变化,几乎已经把所有常规的英语语法结构都涵盖了。从易到难:简单句、并列句、定语从句、宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、时间状语从句、条件状语从句、原因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句、让步状语从句、wtih 结构、 so … that 结构、倒装、强调、插入语等等。

        其实,个人主观感受来讲,他们之间没有本质的区别,最后用哪种结构,更多取决于你的句型需要和写作习惯。不排除,有些句型更适合某种场景。

        在这里,我们只是尝试翻译这样一个简单的中文意思,如果在写作业中,你想到的论证内容,涉及到更多层次的意思,写出来的英文句子变化的丰富程度可想而知。下次同学们在完成作业的时候可以试试这些句型转变哦!对于留学生论文写作还有疑问的同学可以联系我们的客服!Meeloun竭诚为海外学子服务!