标签:essay写作 - 留学生essay代写网

标签目录:essay写作

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学术essay写作水平太次怎么有效提升?

        同学们刚来英国的时候想必都对英国的大学生活充满了期待吧,但是当开学第一天踏入教室的时候,许多同学却一头雾水,怎么上课方式跟国内的大学完全不一样啊!不管你是学理或文,学工或商,一个现实就是你都需要完成essay写作。不知道你有没有辛苦的做了很多research和阅读,终于信心满满的交了essay的时候;收到成绩的时候,成绩都没有想象中的理想?正所谓,呕心沥血一星期,学术Essay全是P。写作从来都不是一件容易的事情,不论是中文还是英文,留学生也在学术essay写作中会遇到很多困难。只是英语不是母语的学生,会遇到更多的问题。今天呢我们就来说说要如何提高学术essay写作水平,让你在大学里风生水起!

lazy loading - 学术essay写作水平太次怎么有效提升?

学术essay写作

       拥有学术Essay写作技巧的好处

        在我开始写如何提高你的水平之前,应该先讲讲为什么拥有这个技能就像是加了buff一样。

        1.成绩显著提高

        很多时候老师给essay低分,就是因为你的Essay的结构和语法实在不够英语化,而让老师根本看不懂。或许你做了正确的research,但是因为你的写作,而让老师以为你并不理解所学的知识和重点。

        2.便于生活与未来的工作

        在英国很多时候,生活中也要需要写信或者email。尤其是以后工作了,如果你在business的公司里工作的话,一定得确保你的英语写作是正确并且专业的,否则丢掉工作是很容易的一件事情。

       如何提高学术Essay写作技巧

        Critical Thinking作为学术写作的核心要求,批判性思维的重要性不言而喻。

        以爱丁堡大学通用的“Critical Thinking”的定义为例:

        “Critical thinking is a complex process of deliberation to help you break down the stages of developing your argument.”

        英国老师真的很在乎学生在essay写作的过程中展现出的批判性思考能力,许多中国学生的作业经常会被老师评论“描述性太强”或“批判分析不够”,这正是因为只整合了别人的观点,却没有写出自己的评论与看法。

        因此,我们不仅需要清楚地陈述自己的论据论点,还应该认识到自己论据和论点的局限性。

        爱丁堡大学对于批判性思维给出了更加细化的解释:

        识别问题、寻找立场、比较观点的能力;

        对资料可信度的识别能力,与对偏见和特定倾向观点的识别的能力;

        对相反观点的评估能力;

        对他人观点进行整合与汇总的能力;

        根据相关文献得出个人结论的能力;

        陈述个人论点并说服他人的能力。

        同学们可以具体参阅爱丁堡大学网站的具体解析,也可以去自己学校的网站上再次确认本校对于Critical Thinking的理解。

        预习

        ①在英国留学,教授会给出Module Handbook,里面含有Reading List(参考阅读书目),包含Core Text Books和Recommendation Books,可以帮助学生形成对一个理论体系的系统认识;

        ②英国的讲师通常会在每堂课开始前几天上传课件或者需要阅读的资料到学校网站,同学们需要提前进行预习。

        小组论文

        ①大部分情况下老师会要求同学们自由结组,少数情况下是由老师或学院分配,通常是4-8人一组;如果是自由结组,一定要找思维独特,积极活跃,志同道合的队友;

        ②不害怕也不抗拒与外国同学结组,互相尊重,并充分利用彼此对本土话题事件、文化现象的理解和语言优势;

        ③有想法就要表达,积极参与,认真聆听,帮助团队找到正确答案,取得更高的分数;

        ④制定议程,控制时间,提高效率,在积极准备资料之后,召开Group Meeting进行交流和商榷,然后整合全文,实现逻辑性和连贯性;

        复习

        ①重视课堂讲义和阅读资料中反复出现的生词(可能是全课的重点,多以名词形式出现)、专业术语词汇、定义&概念、作者&年份(作为以后写essay的参考);

        ②通常在每节课PPT的结尾会有对应当堂课的必读和选读书单,供同学们复习参考和总结归纳;

        ③在课后复习的同时,一定要注意各个课程作业的deadline,提早准备才是上策。

        大学内都会开设有辅导学生并给予学术指导的课程和地方,以下为大家举例:

        Academic Centre

        英国大学的学术中心会开设相关学术课程和语言课程,帮助学生全面了解英国学习方法,以及提高个人学术能力;通常情况下,学生需要提前预约即可获得一对一的学术辅导。

        Personal Tutor

        英国大学会在开学时为每个学生都分配一名Personal Tutor,类似于在国内读大学时的“辅导员”,可以在学术指导、职业生涯、生活交流上为学生提供很多帮助。

        Workshop

        英国大学为学生提供学习帮助的地方,包括Study Skills,Academic Writing,Conversation等辅导。

        Mind Map

        制作属于自己的思维导图,有助于了解自己的学科体系,也有助于设计和安排文章的结构。思维导图不仅适用于写essay,同样也适用于备战考试。

留学萌新完成essay写作需要哪些建议?

        很多留学生都被要求在一段时间类完成essay写作,大家都知道,短期内无法在英语上有很显著的提高,但是没有关系,小编觉得essay写作技巧比英语水平本身重要多了。毕竟真正用到的学术词汇和短语是很固定的,句型也不用很花里胡哨,完全可以通过练习形成自己essay写作的模板。以下是Meeloun让同学们好好读书以外,能最大限度提升英语的水平的一些建议,祝愿同学们都能轻松Pass!

lazy loading - 留学萌新完成essay写作需要哪些建议?

essay写作技巧

        大量阅读essay范文

        完成essay写作的时候,需要阅读大量学术essay文章,通过分析每篇essay的逻辑大家能够了解外国人要求的文科逻辑:不求对错,只求分析全面,看法新颖。

        了解考试局

        Specification,examiner’s report和mark-scheme都是了解自己考试局科目的有效途径,请当作独门秘籍来背诵。

        Past Essay练习

        Past Essay题目请整理好,闲来无事的时候,不用写整篇essay,写下短短的plan也已经是是非常好的练习了。培养在脑中迅速形成一个spider diagram,tree diagram甚至是listing的能力也是十分必要的。

        请教老师

        当留学生们觉得Essay写作有问题的话,可以请教自己的老师,让老师通过专业的角度来解答你的任何问题。Essay写作下不了笔的时候也可以找老师帮帮忙分析分析,这样写出来的essay更专业一些,得分自然也会高。

        挑选好的书和视频网站

        英国其实更流行视频教辅,对于学文学和历史的同学们,有好的guides实在太重要了。一定要去student room这种网站多看看,会有宝藏的。很多视频都会分享各种类型的essay写作技巧,同学们可以有针对性的查看。

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于essay写作的一些建议,可以帮助同学们渡过难关!需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!新客户首单立减5%!

Essay写作中如何解决Summary and respond?

        很多留学生在essay写作中对于Summary and respond完成度不高,总体得分也就不会高。今天Meeloun小编就给同学们分享essay写作中Summary and respond完成方法吧,希望可以帮到同学们。

lazy loading - Essay写作中如何解决Summary and respond?

essay写作

        The basic structure of this essay:

      Paragraph1:Summary

        Including the title,author’s name,date of the original essay.

        注意:不要出现细节,自己的观点,以及其他的引用。

      Paragraph2:Body paragraph1

        包括3个部分:过渡句,3个thesis statements,point1

        注意:

        1.过渡句用来衔接上文的summary,引出下面的respond。大多是以一句话概括现状或问题。

        2.3个thesis不能仅仅是自己阐释3个自己的观点,而要表达出对文中作者3个具体观念的支持,反对,或一部分支持一部分反对(点名作者姓名)

      Paragraph3:Body paragraph2

        Point2

      Paragraph4:Body paragraph3

        Point3

        注意:在写每一个point的时候,在表明自身观点后引用文献(quote or paraphrase)去验证自身观点的正确性(provide evidence and supports)

        通常开头topic sentence结尾对整段的argument有个总结,使每一段body更为完整

      Paragraph5:Conclusion

        主要包括重申自己的观点+原文作者的观点

        适当升华你选择的文章的主旨,但不要加入新的观点

        以下是一位同学的体悟:

        Hello everyone,I am lv,jialu(Katherine),I will say something about my ENG class.

        My professor is Gina Roach,she is so organized that she taught many formats of writing,which can help me to summary and respond much easier than before.For instance,I remembered that in her first class she told us the way of writing summary.First you should get some useful information to support your essay,such as the writer’s name,when the author began to write,and the structure of the passage.By the way,the structure of passage,I mean if you find a main idea from the whole passage,you also need to conclude the structure of it.For example,the passage defines something,explains something or something else.And then you will find some reasons which are expressed or supported by the writer.These reasons will become your example illustration that you should conclude them in your own sentences and write in your summary.Besides,don’t forget to add some conjunctions.They will make your essay look comfortable.

        For response,maybe different teachers have different ways to teach.And you also have all kinds of ideas from passages.After all,response is that you can express your own points and show your feelings.I don’t want to say many skills about how to write it.However,I can give some parts from my professor which may help you.Response are divided into three parts.These are analytic response,evaluative response and interpretive response.They will play different rolls in the response,you need to learn and have your own points of these.All in all,though I am tired after ENG,I can learn a lot of things.In addition,I show my best respect to my ENG class.

澳洲Essay写作如何做到深度论证?

        关于澳洲essay的写作,从根本上的证明是必不可少的。其中有效的证明方法有很多,但是在写作过程中应该要学会加以应用,从而断定运用哪种方法比较合适。接下来Meeloun小编要给大家讲解的就是关于澳洲essay写作的论证。

lazy loading - 澳洲Essay写作如何做到深度论证?

澳洲essay写作

 

        首先:断定Essay写作的证明方法

        首先要断定essay写作的根本证明方法是立论还是驳论。通常情况下,澳洲Essay写作的证明方法是立论。换句话说,就是需要在essay中去建立一种怎么样的观念。然后围绕着这个主题去全面的论述它的正确性以及必要性,需要具体应用哪种办法使改观念站稳脚跟,在别人的反驳之下,观念依旧可以成立,那么立论也就成立了。当然,并不是所有法学都是使用立论的,部分法学essay也会用到驳论,会集一个过错的观念进行全面的驳斥,从而展示这一观念的错误之处。

        同学们在应用驳论写essay的时候,一定要注意突出驳论的结果,在澳洲essay写作过程中仍然要建立自己的观念,若没有自己的观念,那么驳论也自然会显得底气不足。当然了,最常见的证明方法还是立论与驳论同在。如果可以很好的将二者结合使用在同一篇essay中,那么文章也会使成功的。

关于essay的证明法有很多,每篇essay都至少要有一种论述办法,但通常情况下又不仅仅只有一种证明方法,具体还是需要依据文章阐明的具体情况需求而定。

        其次:明晰essay的证明要求

        1、essay写作主题要明显

        论文的内容需要体现标题中的内涵。换句话说,就是标题所说的“防卫过当若干问题探讨”,到底是哪几个问题,要在防卫过当的概念特征介绍完之后要点剖析证明。一般来说这几个问题是你要写的要点。

        2、Essay写作主题有新意

        Essay写作的价值在于它是否可以剖析、处理一些现实疑难的问题。Essay写作内容不一定要很深,但一定要围绕一个主题来把相关问题讲清楚。因此这就需要了解你所写的内容了,在理论方面以及司法实践中,大家所知的疑难问题中有哪些需要解决。这就是大家要写的若干问题了。

        3、逻辑结构要明晰

        澳洲Essay写作的逻辑结构是需要经过标题和内容来反映的。或许是并排联系或许是递进联系或许转机联系等等。同学们可以参考《Meeloun关于Essay段落写作步骤分析》这篇文章,步骤跟逻辑是紧密相连的。

        以上便是Meeloun关于深度解析澳洲Essay写作论证的全部内容了。论证是澳洲essay写作中极为关键的要点之一,所以写好这个部分就显得格外重要,希望今天的这个分享可以对同学们有所帮助。

Meeloun关于Essay段落写作步骤分析

        很多留学生完成essay写作时不按照步骤来完成各个段落,导致essay的整体性体现不出来,有些支离破碎的感觉,自然就得不到高分。今天Meeloun小编就给同学们分享关于essay段落写作的步骤。

essay写作

Essay段落写作

       1.Topic Sentence

        Topic sentence作为段落开头的第一句话,也是该段落的中心句,主旨句,也叫做论点(或分论点)。一般分论点的个数需要根据文章字数进行安排,1000字的文章一般有3个分论点,可采用递进式,也可采用并列式。意味着该段落的所有内容都必须服务于这句sentence,为其摆事实,提供论据。

       2.Research

        作为论点后的第一个论据,必须列出强有力、具有明显说服力的事实论据。因此应该优先写出一句Research,最好是近三年内与主题相关的文献或实验中的发现用科学的事实来作为第一个证明依据。

        在这句Research中,我们通常会用到According to/Based on此类的短语进行连接,然后直接摆出某项实验发现了什么东西或什么现象。

       3.Discussion

        第3句discussion用于进一步解释第2句Research的意义,即探讨这个科学发现与你所要说明的论点之间的关系,佐证论点。此处最推荐的论证方法就是批判性论证,即通过否定既有的观点来论证论点。通常到了这一句,那么该段落的第一次举例论证已经完成。

       4.Summary Sentence

        在第一个例证discussion结束后,附加另一个Research的研究结果(注意这个Research找的不能跟上一个Research是同一个但要具备一定的关联性)。如果上一个Research是用来批判性论证的,那么这一个Researh必须是正向论证,即另一个研究也说明了什么什么现象,用以佐证自己的上一个discussion。

       5.Summary Sentence

        该句作为一个段落的总结句,需要在照应开头论点句的基础上,升华论点。必须是陈述句,简洁明了,对前面的两次例证作个小结,同时要连接上该段落的分论点,为下一个分论点做准备。

        同学们只要按照上面的写作步骤来完成的话,相信essay写作的整体性会大大提升,那么分数自然也就上去了!需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!Meeloun保质保量完成任务!

Essay写作中的Reference如何解决?

        听说又要写essay了,看到reference和bilibili(呸呸呸,bibliography)的同学们有没有很慌?小编历尽千辛万苦,收集了国外文献的不同格式写法。本文拟重点介绍OSCOLA、Harvard和MLA格式。它们到底是什么,在essay写作中又藏在哪里呢,快和Meeloun小编一起来看看吧。

lazy loading - Essay写作中的Reference如何解决?

Essay reference格式

 

       一、Referencing为什么重要?

        指所有一切直接或间接引用的有关联的信息,可以是网页,书籍,报刊,影视资料等等。

        牛津大学曰:“Properly referencing your sources can not only help you to avoid breaking the University’s strict plagiarism rules,but can also help you to strengthen the arguments you make in your work.”

        “正确引用你的来源,不仅可以帮助你避免打破大学的严格抄袭规则,还可以帮助你强化文章的论述。”

        格拉斯哥大学曰:“Referencing is an important part of academic writing.It allows you to acknowledge the ideas or words of others if you use them in your work and helps you to avoid plagiarism.”

        “引用是学术写作的一个重要组成部分。如果你承认别人的想法或文字,它可以让你在文章中使用他们,并帮助您避免抄袭。”

        如果你有过留学经历,那就应该知道外国学者对是否plagiarism(抄袭)有多看重。而你若没有引用,或者引用不当,或许就会因为referencing问题被误认为是plagiarism(抄袭),从而导致挂科、影响毕业。

        此外,除了thesis,像presentation,report等日常assignments都可能需要提供长长的Reference。这既体现了学生的准备是否充分以及检索、调查和研究的能力,又是对他人知识产权的尊重,还可以体现作者的思路,让读者能顺藤摸瓜对某一领域相关知识进行学习。

       二、Reference有哪些类型?

        参考文献有一定格式要求,国外大学常见的格式有8类。

        1.APA(American Psychological Association)通常在社会科学中使用。

        2.Chicago经常被academic publishers使用。

        3.Harvard是最经常使用的referencing类别,在学术刊物上广泛使用。

        4.IEEE(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)经常在Engineering and Technology中使用。

        5.MLA(Modern Language Association)经常在languages and literature的学术写作中使用。

        6.MRHA(Modern Humanities Research Association)常在人文学的学术论文写作中使用。

        7.OSCOLA(Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities)常在法律资料中使用。

        8.Vancouver使用数字系统引用的风格-经常在医学写作中使用

        根据学科专业和文章要求的不同,使用的referencing conventions也可能不同。所以,在写作前,一定要留意该门课professor、lecturer和tutor要求使用的referencing类别。

       (1)OSCOLA

        一般而言,法律类引用格式是Bluebook(美),OSCOLA(英)。

        1.书籍Book Reference[a written work or opus]

        You’ll need to provide information about the book’s author,the title of the book,year of publication,publisher,and book edition.

        Example:M Elliot,Administrative Law(1st,Maxwell,Oxford 2005)15

        2.书籍章节Book Chapter Reference[a chapter from written works or collections]

        You’ll need to provide information about the book’s author,the title of the book,year of publication,publisher,and book edition.

        Example:M Elliot,’Concepts and Understanding’in Westlaw(eds),Administrative Law(1st,Maxwell,Oxford 2005).

        3.期刊Journal Reference[Scholarly published and peer-reviewed literature contained in highly specialized academic research periodicals]

        You’ll need to supply the name of the author,year of publication,journalname,and page numbers.

        Example:M Elliot,’Administrative Law'[2005]AL 2,45

        4.网站Website Reference[a collection of online pages with information on a given topic considered authoritative in academic literature]

        You’ll need to provide the name of the author,year of publication,and publisher of the information.

        Example:Maxwell,’Administrative Law'(Legallaw.com 2005)

        5.案例Case Reference

        Example:Maxwell v House[2005]1 A.B.C.245(QB)

        6.法律法规Legislation Reference

        Example:Human Rights Act 1998 s 15(1)(b)

        7.欧盟立法EU Legislation Reference

        Example:Council Regulation(EC)961/2010 on restrictive measures against Iran and repealing regulation[2003]OJ L423/1

       (2)Harvard Reference

        除此之外,哈佛参考文献注释体系也是较为常用的。

        哈佛文献引用体系(Harvard Referencing System),也叫“作者-日期法”(Author-date method),起源于美国,20世纪50、60年代开始流行,在物理学和自然科学研究领域使用最多,近年来社会科学中也开始流行。根据哈佛体系,每一个引文,无论直接还是间接,都应分别在两处注明:在文中引用(citation)处注明&在文章最后的参考书目(bibliography)处注明。

        以下是Harvard Referencing的教程

        1.In-text citations文中的引用

        include the name of the author/s,the year of publication within the text and the pages(if used a direct quotation)

        在文章正文里,会出现作者、年份、页码等引用的信息。

        栗子:

        There was further evidence to support researchers’views on genetic abnormalities in crops(White,2001,cited in Murray,2007,p.82).

        Scholtz(1990,p.564)has argued that There was further evidence to support researchers’views on genetic abnormalities in crops.

        There was further evidence to support researchers’views on genetic abnormalities in crops outlined by Smith(2009a,p.45)and developed further in his report(2009b,p.23).

        2.Bibliography/References文后的文献

        栗子:

        Caillard,V.(1891)The Songs of Innocence of William Blake set to music.London:Novello,Ewer and Co.

        Kahlo,F.(1931)Frieda and Diego Rivera[Oil on canvas].San Francisco Museum of Modern Art,San Francisco.

        Moody,J.(2000)Illegitimate theatre in London,1770-1840.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.

        Refereces或者Bibliography,列出所有引用的或者对本文写作有影响的文献信息。

       (3)MLA

        MLA不仅仅指引用格式,也包括了学术essay写作的其他格式要求。在MLA格式中,引用主要分为括号形式备注形式的文内引用和文末单列的引用页两种。

        何时引用

        1.当你解释(paraphrase),总结(summarize),提到(mention)某人的想法时,cite it!

        2.当你引用某人的原句时,注意不仅要标注引用,还要用引号标出具体哪些部分是引用的。

        3.当你引用数据、图片、表格、视频、动画等时,cite it!

        4.当你提到一些并非常识的内容时,cite it!

        注:常识是相对于潜在的读者而言的,一般来说对于普罗大众的内容所需要标注的引用比面对专家学者更多。同时,常识也意味着读者可以很快的查到的信息,不仅是在网上随处可见的,更是毫无争议的。因此当你不确定是否要标注引用时,cite it!

        文内引用格式:

        例:Romantic poetry is characterized by the”spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”(Wordsworth 263).或(Said,Edward W.Culture and Imperialism.Knopf,1994.)

        如果作者名字已经在句子中提到,则只在括号内标注页码(如为网站等则不标注)

        例:According to Edward W.Said,imperialism is defined by“the practice,the theory,and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan center ruling a distant territory”(9).

        文末引用格式:

        字体等格式与总体一致。在第一行中间注明work cited。每个引用条目除首行外缩进半英寸。不需要标号,但需要以字母顺序排列。

        引用条目所罗列的元素原则上多多益善,但是如果有实在没法找到的也可以省略。元素应排列如下:

        作者。文献名称。文献所属上级(container),其他参与者,版本(version),版号(Number),出版商,出版日期,位置(location)。

        例:Work Cited

        Bernstein,Mark.”10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.”A List Apart:For People Who Make Websites,16 Aug.2002

       三、Referencing的其他使用注意

        当老师布置论文或者其他文章时,一般会建议reference的个数。个数和文章的内容和字数有关系,比如一千字的论文,可能会有十个左右的引用。当然引用的个数和论文的深度和难度也有关系。需要注意的是,并不是Reference的个数越多越好。无意义的Reference会使文章失去批判性,而且无论如何转述引用内容,都会增加文章的重复率。

        在写作过程中参考的书目,不一定都引用在论文或文章中,作者可能受到了启发,而且这些书目的阅读也是为了这篇论文或者文章做准备,这样的书目也可以列在referencing中。

        引用的内容可以是直接引用、照搬原句Quotation,也可以转述改写后的引用Citation,转述后的引用仍然算作Reference。英文论文查抄袭率(例如Turnitin软件)的要求非常严格,即使是在引号内的引用内容也会作为重复率的一部分,所以应尽量少用Quotation,当需要大段引用别人的观点时,也一定要用自己的话转述。

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于各种reference写作的讲解,同学们在完成essay写作之后一定要仔细检查引用格式是否正确,不要在这方面丢分!需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!美伦现旗下写手超过400名,海龟硕博占据50%以上,更多写手资源正在火热招募中。美伦以质量为根本,诚信服务,严格执行双重审稿与检测,保证每一篇稿子都是精心原创并符合学科的需求,保障了留学生论文作业的通过率。

留学小白完成essay写作可能会经历哪些步骤

        在各位留学生涯中,Essay写作一定是同学们接触最早也是最多的一种学术论文问题,所以今天Meeloun小编就给同学们分享一下Essay从构思到写作的步骤。

lazy loading - 留学小白完成essay写作可能会经历哪些步骤

essay写作

        首先是对essay进行问题分析,根据题目我们可以将问题分为Topic、Aspect、Focus/limiting words、Instruction words和Viewpoints/assumptions。

        比如,针对题目To what extent should Western universities change their own culture in order to help international students?

        Topic是Internationalisation in higher education;

        Aspect是Internationally mobile students(IMS)AND western universities;

        limiting words是academic culture shock AND Western unis own adjustment;

        instruction words是What is meant by….To what extent should;.

        viewpoints/assumptions是IMS do experience something called culture shock;Western unis should adjust to some extent(but how much?).

        然后指定论文大纲。分解essay题目问题之后,就需要考虑essay的整体写作结构了。一般情况下,essay分为,introduction,main body和conclusion三部分。在introduction部分,我们需要考虑essay的研究背景、目标以及文章结构;main body则需要考虑回答一些研究问题的可能性思考,考虑可以讨论的有趣点,同时这些点需要通过do researc找到合适的source,而Conclusion部分则主要描述essay的中心论点。之后便可以根据该框架进行内容填充了,通过详细研究,在框架中添加一些细节性的内容。

        最后便是根据详细制定段落了。在此过程中我们可以结合source中找到的样例和证据,放到合适的argument下,然后形成文章的段落结构。除此之外,一定要记得加上正确的reference。需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!

Common App中的Personal Essay怎么写

        你知道通用申请吗?

        通用申请(Common Application),简称Common App,一个用于申请美国517所高等院校(包括47个州和华盛顿特区)、奥地利、法国、德国、意大利、瑞士、英国等海外国家以及中国大陆部分中外合作高校的应用网站。

        除了客观的分数和学校排名因素以外,它还有其他主观因素被纳入考量,例如文书(personal essay),推荐信(recommendation),课外活动(extracurriculiar activities),等等。其中personal essay是至关重要的一环。

        本期Meeloun便与大家分享七个essay prompts中的第一个

        Option#1

        Some students have a background,identity,interest,or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it.

        “Identity”是本题的关键字。

        无论是背景也好,兴趣爱好也罢,都是让你之所以是“你”的理由。所以,选择了这个话题,你可以通过一个或者是一系列的事件来阐述你的uniqueness。而事件的选择,应把重点放在解释“meaningful”上。

        Sample Essay

        Wallflower

        I wasn’t unfamiliar with the word.It was something I remembered hearing since I was able to grasp the fine art of polysyllabic language.Of course,in my experience,it had always been subtly laced with negativity.They told me that it wasn’t something I was supposed to be.They told me to socialize more—okay,maybe they had a point there—but to open up to strangers I didn’t know from Adam?Apparently,yes,that was exactly what I was to do.I had to’put myself out there,’or something.They told me I couldn’t be a wallflower.Wallflower was unnatural.Wallflower was wrong.So my impressionable younger self tried her best not to see the inherent beauty in the word.I wasn’t supposed to see it;no one else did.I was terrified to recognize its rightness.And that was where Charlie came in.

        The Writing:从复杂短语“the fine art of polysyllabic language“到“I understood him.I was him.He was me”三个主谓宾的简单串联,可以一窥作者对英语的掌控力。

        Before I get any further,I feel obligated to mention that Charlie is not real.I question whether that makes a difference—it shouldn’t,really.Fictional,factual,or seven-dimensional,his influence in my life is indisputable.But,to give credit where credit is overwhelmingly due,he comes from the brilliant mind of Stephen Chbosky,from the universe of his novel,The Perks of Being a Wallflower.In a series of anonymous letters to an unknown friend,Charlie tells his story of life,love,and high school:of skirting the fringes of life and of learning to make the leap.And from the first sentences,I was drawn to Charlie.I understood him.I was him.He was me.I felt acutely his fears of entering high school,his just-barely-perceptible separation from the rest of the student body,because these fears were mine as well

        The Tone:虽然作者自称“壁花少女”,但通读全文,明显感到这篇文章出自一个正能量的“元气少女”。文章主题严肃,但字体行间却透着诙谐与幽默,作者完美地平衡了戏谑与说理。若要说不足,便是语言有时过于抽象。比如,“beauty”一词多次出现,但并没有被清楚地定义。

        What I didn’t have,the singular distinction between this character and myself,was his vision.Even from the very beginning,Charlie’s innocence and naivetégave him an unparalleled ability to see beauty in everything and to acknowledge it without hesitation exactly as I’d longed to allow myself to do.I had been scared to be the only one to value being a wallflower.But with Charlie came the promise that I wasn’t alone.

        When I saw that he could see what I wanted to see,I suddenly found that I could see it,too.He showed me that the true beauty in being a wallflower was the ability to acknowledge freely that beauty,to embrace it for everything it was while still managing to’put myself out there’on a level I hadn’t thought myself capable.Charlie taught me not conformity,but the honest,open expression of myself,free from the vise-like fear of being judged by my peers.He told me that sometimes,they were wrong.Sometimes,it was okay to be a wallflower.Wallflower was beautiful.Wallflower was right.

        And for that,Charlie,I am forever in your debt.

        The Topic:光是瞄一眼题目就足以让读者对文章期待满满。老实说,选择一个不走寻常路的题目是冒险且需要勇气的,尤其是在众多申请者绞尽脑汁编出一些“丰碑性”的事件的大背景下,本文的题目及立意尤为讨喜。

高分essay代写范文:尼日利亚的教育问题

        下面Meeloun小编为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Improvement in Education Is Needed for Nigeria’s Development,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了尼日利亚的教育问题。目前,尼日利亚面临的许多挑战中,促进其国家发展最重要的是改进教育制度,因为教育是决定未来一代如何生活的根本因素。而尼日利亚的教育问题根源在于其入学率非常低,广泛的贫困、政治不稳定、庞大的童工市场、文化原因以及严重的性别歧视等原因是导致其问题的关键。

lazy loading - 高分essay代写范文:尼日利亚的教育问题

高分essay代写范文

        Introduction 介绍

        1960年独立后,尼日利亚一直在政治动荡和经济问题中挣扎。尼日利亚政府必须面对许多历史和新问题,例如石油经济的改革、处理种族和宗教紧张局势以及发展民主(CIA)。然而,从人民的角度来看,在尼日利亚目前面临的诸多挑战中,促进国家发展最重要的是完善教育体系,因为教育是年轻人/未来一代人的根本决定因素。总的来说,当一个国家年纪较大时,就会在社会中发挥作用,因此,这是一个国家能够为其未来做出的最直接的投资,在社会的所有领域都会产生严重的后果。

        After it independence in 1960, Nigeria has been struggling in political turbulence and economic problems. There are many historical and new issues that the Nigerian government has to face, such as the reforming of the petroleum-based economy, dealing with the ethnic and religious tensions, and developing democracy (CIA). However, from the people’s perspective, among the many challenges Nigeria is currently facing, the most important to furthering its national development is to improve the education system, since education is the fundamental determinant of how the young/future generation. In general, will perform in society when they are older, and therefore is the most direct investment that a country can make for its future, with serious consequences in all realms of society.

        Low School Enrollment in Nigeria

        The most fundamental issue facing the Nigerian education system is the low enrollment rate of children in primary schools. In Nigeria, 40% of children aged six to eleven do not attend primary school, and this proportion can be considerably higher in the impoverished inland north. 30% of students have not completed their primary school education, and only 54% of them successfully matriculate into the country’s middle schools (Unicef). This low rate of education among the youth dramatically reduces the job options for the younger generation, resulting in low utilization rate of human capital and limiting the overall development of Nigeria.

        A major concern is the gender gap. Compared to the boys, Nigerian girls are less likely to attend school. The causes are complex but roughly include four aspects: cultural barriers, family financial difficulties, child labor market, and early marriage. Cultural and religious norms have limited the role of women in Nigeria. Most parents of girls are more willing to only send their children to Qur’anic schools (Unicef). Even for those who managed to enroll in secular schools, 30% of them might drop out. Early marriage is another issue that keeps the girls from being educated, and poverty is another reason. The cost of education is a heavy burden for some poor families because they cannot afford the tuition, books, materials, transportation, and other costs of educating their child, and the state provides very limited assistance. The cost of indirect education for girls is also seen as higher than boys, and this is also linked to the issue of child labor. In Nigeria, child labor is a necessary income stream for poor households (Unicef). Girls working as child laborers not only save on the cost of direct education, they could also help with housework, take care of siblings, and also provide cheap, productive labor and make additional income for the family. Early marriage is also more of a problem for girls than boys. Once the girls get married, they inevitably have children, and the chance for them to continue their education drops to a much lower level than before.

        The low education level of the country’s women deeply affects Nigeria’s national prosperity. As these women become poorly educated laborers for life, they can only pursue entry-level jobs. What is worse, the fertility rate remains high in poor households, continuing the low-income developmental trap (Sachs, 2005). Having six or seven children leaves the women no choice but to play the role of homemaker and exclusively focus on parenting, plus her lack of education makes her less competitive in the job market. Education will bring many social achievements and economic benefits, but the lack of female education in Nigeria deprived them of the opportunity to participate in the future economic development of the country. This situation forms a negative cycle for the women of Nigeria and it is leaving half the population with an inability to contribute to the development of the country or of themselves.

        Balancing Increased Enrollment With Quality Improvements

        Not only should we be concerned about whether the children, and how many of them, are attending school in Nigeria, but we should also pay attention to the quality of education in the country, which, also sorely needs to be improved. The government has launched policies to improve the education quality of Nigeria, such as the Universal Basic Education Scheme in 1999, and has emphasized the improvement of teaching quality, assessment, and teacher training as the priorities (Majo, 2000). However, as current statistics show, improvements have been quite limited. The general direction of development seems to be correct (Sen, 1988), but the biggest challenge facing education is still financial support and funding.

        First of all, the number of schools in Nigeria, as well as the number of facilities and employees/teachers of these institutions, is not proportionally equivalent to the number of school age children. This makes it hard to improve the quality and efficiency of the education system. Statistics show that, on average, 600 of primary school students in Nigeria have to share a single toilet. Most schools in rural areas also lack water, electricity, and other basic resources. As for the number of schools, there were about 54,000 public primary schools in 2009 (Abuja). From a numeric perspective, this seems sufficient, but disparities in quality are extreme and highly unsatisfactory. Another problem is that the entire northern part of the country is experiencing a low-level civil war as the Boko Haram conducts its insurgency. This does not help to secure the budget to improve the education system. A lack of qualified teachers is another issue.

        The education system could be largely improved by securing an amount of funding that is decent enough to support the educational institutions. While many governments have policies for free and compulsory education, however, most developing countries are unable to maintain comprehensive free education, such as Nigeria. And non-free education will cause the problem of poor households being unable to afford the children education. As a recession economy, it is difficult for Nigeria to guarantee free education for the people. Moreover, experience around the world show that free education is only a slogan unless parents, people, or governments have economic capacity. Nigeria could therefore consider the establishment of a program that directly or indirectly raises funds for its national education system (Adeyemi, 2011). However, in the implementation of the program, it is necessary to pay attention to corruption. The gap between rich and poor in many poor countries is relatively large, and given the lack of government regulation, corruption continues to breed. It is important to pay attention to the future of the country through the education program.

        Child Labor Market’s Effect on Education System

        Another factor that decreases the number of children attending schools is that the Nigerian labor market soaks up a large number of school age children (of both genders) to work as they are not supposed to. In Nigeria, there are approximately 15 million children under 14 years old who have become laborers, doing unwanted jobs that could potentially harm their physical and mental health. Although Nigeria passed a Child’s Rights Law in 2003, not all 36 states had accepted it. The process of taking the law in each state is still ongoing; meanwhile, child labor is still very common in the north (Kure, 2013).

        This situation is difficult to be change, or at least to be seriously improved, and poverty is the most obvious reason for the short- term because the child laborers’ incomes have become necessary for their families. Without that portion of money, the chance of the children to get future education would be even lower because of poverty. Lack of education is also a primary cause of child labor in Nigeria. “Where between 60% – 70% of child labor is prevalent, do not posses adequate school facilities. Even when schools are sometimes available, they are too far away, difficult to reach, unaffordable, or the quality of education is so poor that parents wonder if going to school is really worth it.” (Nwazuoke & Igwe, 2016). Other reasons for non-attendance include such reasons as broken homes, and parental absence should also be taken into consideration.

        The consequences could be easily foretold. If the children continue to become laborers instead of learning knowledge in school, this poverty trap will be inescapable for the entire nation, since the future generation is not receiving enough education which can improve their society and lives in the future. In addition, child labor would also increase the risk of injuries, disabilities, and even death of workers. Also, due to lack of management, education, and boundaries, some children might become sex workers, street criminals or join political movements to reform society, which may also have additional effects in destabilizing the country. The increasing political participation might lead to violence (Huntington, 1971). All of the above pose risks to the future development of the entire country.

        Conclusion

        Nigeria has a strong capacity for potential development, with its massive resources and large population, but a number of extensive and long-term problems have thwarted its development and becoming a major power and strong civil society. Nigeria’s extensive poverty, political instability, large child labor markets, cultural reasons and high levels of sexism and gender inequality and other reasons have kept enrollment rates very low and are harming the future development prospects of the nation. Increasing this enrollment rate, and improving the quality of education that the students receive, is vital to securing Nigeria’s future and to securing the welfare of its citizens. Attempts have been made to focus on these issues and they are widely recognized, but little progress has been made in recent years. It will be necessary to secure a stable political and security environment as a basis for this, after which revenue streams will need to be developed that can eliminate the child labor market, increase student enrollment, and begin to channel funds towards improving school quality while cleaning up corruption and rolling back some of the sexism that has been harming the future of women and of the country as a whole.

Assignment中的essay和report有哪些区别?

        最近很多留学生在写dissertation。然而都到了毕业了,Essay和Report还是有人傻傻分不清楚。于是为了帮助没有头绪的人,希望这篇文章可以为你提供一些见解。

lazy loading - Assignment中的essay和report有哪些区别?

assignment写作详解

        首先,留学生们的作业统称为assignment(主要是欧美国家,不过英国也是这个叫法),而在assignment下面区分为Essay和Report。这二者在形式上会有所不同,但大体类似。例如字数往往都是2,3千左右

        ESSAY

        相较于report,比较简单,而且较为学术,通常看不到大学以外的资料。一般都是以论述为主,多为研究学术类的课题,目的是讨论,探索和向读者展示,让读者对某一主题的分析产生认同。需要仔细体会,认真理解。不过和report不同的是,读者是未知的,可能是大学生或者学者等。

        Report一般分为3部分:

        绪论(Introduction)

        主体(Main Body)

        结论(Conclusion)

        其中绪论包括主题背景介绍和文章要解决的问题,主体则是根据问题提到的几个方面进行逐一讨论,结尾需要把文章中的主要观点进行概括。通常标题放在开头,不需要副标题。绪论和结尾则各占字数的10%,主体占80%。

        Report

        大多数是以信息输出为主,总结信息,给出有价值的结论。由作者通过调查研究和运用相关理论知识解决某一实际问题,传递给读者某个主题大量实用信息,以便读者可以快速浏览。一般都会有特定的读者,例如某公司CEO,因此包含多种类型,例如学术报告,期刊文章,实验报告等。这类作业要求更严格,有非常正式的结构,通常需要建立标题页,包括标题和executive summary,其中执行摘要是为读者提供报告的主要目的,即分析流程,调查结果和建议,是为了那些没有足够时间读完整报告的读者提供足够的信息,帮助他们做出明智的决定,并鼓励继续阅读。

        另外和Essay不同的是,在conclusion后面要加入recommendation,这是对提出的问题的建议,而且report需要运用次级标记,并用序号注明,使得文章更具层次感。同时,要根据需要使用图形,图标等资料。

        除此以上两种外,我们现在进行的毕业论文应该属于dissertation,通常要求至少8000,而且reference超过50篇,并且introduction和conclusion占总字数的25%,Literature,review占35%。这个数据感觉和老师给我们的分值差不多。

        Assignment写作的路是艰难的,但是事情完成之后的喜悦也会是巨大的。都说现在要讲究“延迟性满足”,写论文就是最好的一种方式,尤其是dissertation。祝愿每个和论文“斗智斗勇”的小伙伴,都可以顺利完成,拿到自己满意的成绩。我们一起加油!!!