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设计类英文Essay学习技巧详解

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上一次美伦就为大家发过一篇有关艺术与设计类Essay写作的文章,大家感觉是否有所收获呢?学如逆水行舟,不进则退。所以今天小编就为大家补充一下有关艺术与设计论文的相关知识,祝大家全部掌握,学有所成,大家赶紧来看看吧!

Why is experimentation important in Art & Design?

There are two ways of finding things out: one is to read, hear or observe other people’s experience and the other is to try things for yourself. In art and design, that’s what we call experimentation. It involves finding out what you can do. It’s a form of research. If you don’t experiment (which also means taking risks) you don’t learn about the potential within you and what your imagination can come up with.

What is the role of play in Art & Design experimentation?

Very important, and I think that it’s not just confined to studio, either, but extends equally to theory. We love playing with ideas. Sometimes I think that’s why we enjoy having ideas, not to store them jealously and one day show off how much we’ve got secreted away in our heads, but to play with. Sometimes, if you read theorists and art historians sympathetically, you can detect a ludic, witty streak in them. They’re having fun and playing with the ideas they’ve unearthed, and through this play, they discover ideas they wouldn’t otherwise find.

How will experimentation make me a better designer or artist?

Not just a better designer or artist but a better theorist too! It’s the fun way to be brave with ideas, to own them yourself, to feel confident in putting two ideas together and seeing what the result is. You have to be prepared to fail. Experimentation is risky because we’re flying beyond the world of formulae. But that’s art and philosophy in a nutshell: they’re about clinching in some monumental form the naturally organic flux of ideas.

How can I begin to experiment?

If ever you’ve drawn anything, you’ve already been experimenting because you’ve tried different ways of encapsulating perception. It’s all based on conjecture and trial and error. Think of experimentation as natural rather than something that you have to strain at. Artists and designers actually find it hard NOT to experiment.

How can I learn from experimentation?

That’s the hard part. You have to scrutinise the outcomes very honestly. You have to recognise which were the parts where you achieved fruitful connections and which were the parts where you were just having fun. This process of distinguishing between the good and the mediocre can be stressful, because it sometimes means discarding material that you’ve grown attached to. It’s very helpful to see experimentation as part of learning and not to see everything you do in monumental terms. A lot of what we try out is for the sake of a process rather than a finished artistic result. In art and design (and in the theory of both) you can’t afford to be precious or vain.

How can I share the results of my experiments with others?

Communicating your experiments can be rewarding but also sometimes premature and inappropriate. Experimentation is for the sake of a process; hence, so long as you view the communication and sharing as part of a process – rather than some kind of exhibition – it could yield helpful feedback to plough back into the process. By all means let others in on your experiments, but make it clear to all that this is a work in progress.

以上美伦教育小编介绍了艺术与设计论文写作的几点需要注意的地方,平时的作业太多,这应该是很多留学生的感慨,除非是想要发表期刊论文了,才会认真对待,不然也不会虚耗太多时间,毕竟留学生活大家都知道不轻松。如果大家有论文作业没写而自己又没时间时候不妨找我们美伦教育,成立七年已经累计为超过20000名留学生们代写作业,我们之所以能够发展到今天,都是因为在留学生大军中有这良好的口碑,绝对值得您信赖。如果有作业代写要求赶紧联系我们的网站在线客服吧。

Accounting essay怎么写?accounting essay代写简介

Accounting essay怎么写

Accounting essay又称之为:会计学论文文章,是学会计的同学经常遇到的作业形式之一。那么accounting essay哪里找呢?代写留学生会计学作业又应该注意些什么?下面我们就来给大家做一些解答

会计学作业需要分析的数据和案例比较多,这些需要大家注意。至于格式方面和其他的essay差不多,需要了解essay写作格式的请阅读:essay写作五步法则

下面是一篇accounting essay sample,是一篇关于企业社会责任的话题。

Question:What is corporate social responsibility (CSR) and what are its theoretical foundations? Why is it important to business? Find an example of an Australian company that appears to have made CSR a priority and explain the types of activities they engage in and quantify the cost of these activities. What possible specific benefits can they hope to receive from their CSR activities and are they realistic?

问题:什么是企业社会责任(CSR),什么是它的理论基础?为什么是重要的公司吗?发现已经取得了CSR的重点,并解释他们从事的活动种类和量化这些活动的成本将出现一家澳大利亚公司的例子。他们希望能够有什么具体的好处从他们的企业社会责任活动,并接受他们是现实吗?

Within the business world, the prime motive of a corporate was profitability which means purely to make money and increase share value. However, in the last decade, as social expectations change, groups in society are increasingly demanding the company to pursue social and environmental responsibility other than just financial responsibility (Wetherly and Otter 2011). These groups known as stakeholders which include employees, suppliers, consumers, government and others that have an interest in the entity’s affairs (Birt et al 2010). This paper will firstly demonstrates what corporate social responsibility (CSR) is, its theoretical foundations, and why it is important to business; Secondly, by studying Corporate Responsibility Report of Target Australia, discusses the types and costs of activities the business engaged in; And finally, to talk about the benefits a company would receive from the CSR activities and the reality of gains.

Corporate social responsibility is inclusion the duty to the society and environment into business operations and eliminates actions that harm the public sphere (Thomas and Nowak 2006). Business should be conducted based on ethical values with respect to the harmony of society and well beings of community. Thus, apart from making profits, companies are responsible for the totality of their impact on public and planet (Catalyst Consortium 2002). The most widely accepted theory to support CSR is the stakeholder theory. It was initially stated by Edward Freeman as a concept of organizational management and business ethics that emphasize morals and values in managing an entity (1984).

Long-term viability of an organization may be enhanced by a responsible social policy, as the community recognizes the company to add value to improve the quality of daily lives (Macgregor 2006). According to the European Union Commission, the importance of CSR can be comprehended in two ways: from the perspective of entity itself and the viewpoint of benefits of society as a whole (European Commission2006). Firstly, CSR, as the source of competitive advantage, is an important way to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises (Singapore Compact 2010). In order to encourage investment, some companies established corporate culture consistent with CSR which set a positive brand image and promote reputation in the industry. Moreover, the advantages may attract, retain and motivate talented employees to research and develop new products and services so as to meet demands of the community and solve social problems. (European Commission 2006). Secondly, if more ambitious enterprises take responsibility to the environment and society, the goal of achieving sustainable development will be earlier to reach (European Commission 2006). The most important social responsibility of an enterprise is to make the healthy development of the company, and to create more value to the society. A successful company will solve the unemployment problem; provide employee benefits as well as to pay government taxations. Government revenue will then be reinvested into the community to accomplish other corresponding social responsibilities.

Target Australia Pty Ltd, an Australian department store chain owned by Wesfarmers, can be an example which regards CSR as a priority in business practices and a transparently entity that disclosure Corporate Social Responsibility Report annually. A CSR report is defined as a released document that provides performance of the reporting entity in social, environmental and economic areas (Elkington 1997). This report consists of three parts: social responsibility initiatives, environmental responsibility initiatives and economic responsibility initiatives of the corporation (Target 2009). In the aspect of social responsibility, Target’s staffs and retirees volunteer hundreds of thousands hours of time and talent to help local nonprofit organizations. Besides, the company hires employees with diverse background in order to offer a selection of products in the store to fulfill wide-ranging tastes and demands of customers. A variety of pay and benefit plans are prepared for employees which is designed to help team members to achieve physical, emotional and financial well-being. Finally, Target ensure that products are manufactured comply with ethical and safety standards (Target 2009). In the aspect of environmental responsibility, Target is endeavor to be responsible for environment by using resources correctly, eliminating waste, offering organic and eco-friendly products, influencing suppliers and consumers to embrace sustainable practices (Target 2009). In the aspect of economic responsibility, to generate a high return to shareholders, the company carefully chooses every site of new stores; innovative marketing to increase profitable sales; closely controlled inventories and expenses. Moreover, a well-defined corporate governance strategy and ethical procedures to ensure the effectively and efficiently business operate, with consistent and transparent financial disclosure (Target 2009). In the light of CSR report, 5 percent of total income is used to sever the society which indicates over 3 million dollars every week uses to fulfill the responsibility to the community and environment (Target 2009).


It is believed that entities act with social responsibility because there are ultimately a number of benefits to its profit (Birt et al 2010). Firstly, ethical business behaviors of companies are the clear advantages in convincing investors. Some studies have revealed that an increasingly number of investors would prefer companies with strong CSR programs (Leslie 2007). CSR is regarded as a signal of the company’s long-term potentials. Secondly, CSR improves the company images, helps customers view Target positively and strengthens brand loyalty (Macgregor 2006). Thirdly, CSR contributes to recruit and retain employees (Arun 2004). Staffs are more willing to work in a safe and healthy environment and in a company with humanistic care. These benefits are realistic and obvious. Links between the welfare of society and the welfare of the corporation is recognized by firms more increasingly (Leslie 2007).

In conclusion, corporate social responsibility (CSR) is neither a slogan nor a strategy in public relations or advertising, it is formed during business growth. Through CSR, in cooperation with stakeholders on voluntary basis, a company can reconcile economic, social and environmental ambitions (European Commission 2006).

References:

Arun,S. 2004, ‘China CEOs awaken to benefit of CSR’, Media: Asia’s Media and Marketing Newspaper, 2 July, viewed 30 April 2011, < http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy1.library.usyd.edu.au/ehost/detail?vid=2&hid=108&sid=f57f8680-c0ee-41b4-8c26-99fd5357a7ea@sessionmgr111&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ==#db=buh&AN=13871304 >

Birt,J., Chalmers,K., Byrne,S., Brooks, A., and Oliver, J. 2010, Accounting: Business reporting for decision making, 3rd Ed, John Wiley & Sons, Australia.

Catalyst Consortium.2002, What is corporate social responsibility?, Washington, DC.

Edward,F. 1984, Strategic Management: A stakeholder approach, Boston Pitman, Boston.

Elkington,J. 1997, Cannibals with Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century Business, Capstone, Oxford.

European Commission. 2006, Communication on CSR, Brussels

Leslie,M. 2007, ’Why future leaders should embrace fair trade and corporate social responsibility?’, Futurics, vol.31, no.1, pp.52-55, viewed 30 April 2011, ProQuest Central.

Macgregor,R. 2006, ’ what is Corporate Social responsibility?’, Finweek, 12 January, p.29.

Singapore Compact, 2010, What is CSR?, Singapore, viewed 30 April 2011, < http://www.csrsingapore.org/whatiscsr.php>

Target Australia Pty Ltd. 2009, 2009 Corporate responsibility report, Sydney.

Thomas, J. and Nowak, M. 2006, Corporate social responsibility: A definition, Curtin University of Technology, viewed 30 April 2011,

Wetherly, P. and Otter, D. 2011, In the business environment, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

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