标签目录:经济学论文代写

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金融学英语论文常用词汇

留学Essay,留学论文怎么写,论文代写

留学生经常接触到英语论文,而写作的时候很多科目词汇不是很清楚。为了帮助留学生们更高效的完成作业,这里美伦教育小编给大家整理了有关于金融学英文论文写做可能会用到的词组,大家可以看一下,有需要的同学们就赶紧领走吧。

appreciation 升值

arbitrage 套利

Asset allocation principle 资产分配原则

Asset and liability management 资产负债管理

Bear market 空头市场

Best price order 最佳价格交易指示单

bid rate 承接买入价格

Economic intermediary 经济中介商

Bull market 多头市场

call option 买入选择权

credit risks 信用风险

Cross hedge 交叉避险

Effective interest rate 有效利率

European option 欧式选择权

face value 面值

far date 远期

financial futures 金融期货

firm order 公司订单

big macs,big/large-cap stock,mega-issue 大盘股

offering,list 上市

bourse 证交所

corporate champion 龙头企业

Shanghai Exchange 上海证交所

pension fund 养老基金

mutual fund 共同基金

hedge mutual fund 对冲式共同基金

share 股票

valuation 股价

underwriter 保险商

government bond 政府债券

saving account 储蓄帐户

equity market 股市

shareholder 股东

delist 摘牌

mongey-loser 亏损企业

inventory 存货

traded company,trading enterprise 上市公司

stakeholder 利益相关者

transparency 透明度

market fundamentalist 市场经济基本规则

damage-contral machinery 安全顾问

efficient market 有效市场

intellectual property 知识产权

opportunistic practice 投机行为

entrepreneur 企业家

cook the book 做假帐

regulatory system 监管体系

portfolio 投资组合

money-market 短期资本市场

capital-market 长期资本市场

volatility 波动

diversification 多元化

real estate 房地产

option 期权

call option 看涨期权

put option 看跌期权

merger 并购

arbitrage 套利

Securities and Exchange Commission 〈美〉证券交易委员会

dollar standard 美元本位制

budget 预算

deficit 赤字

bad debt 坏帐

macroeconomic 宏观经济

fiscal stimulus 财政刺激

a store of value 保值

transaction currency 结算货币

forward exchange 期货交易

intervention currency 干预货币

Treasury bond 财政部公债

current-account 经常项目

pickup in rice 物价上涨

Federal Reserve 美联储

inflation 通货膨胀

deflation 通货紧缩

tighter credit 紧缩信贷

monetary policy 货币政策

foreigh exchange 外汇

spot transaction 即期交易

forward transaction 远期交易

option forward transaction择期交易

swap transaction 调期交易

quote 报价

settlment and delivery 交割

buying rate 买入价

selling rate 卖出价

spread 差幅

Contract 合同

at par 平价

premium 升水

discount 贴水

direct quoation method 直接报价法

indirect quoation method间接报价法

dividend 股息

domestic currency 本币

floating rate 浮动利率

parent company 母公司

credit swap 互惠贷款

venture capital 风险资本

book value 帐面价值

physical capital 实际资本

IPO(initial public offering)新股首发;首次公开发行

job machine 就业市场

welfare capitalism 福利资本主义

collective market cap 市场资本总值

golbal corporation 跨国公司

transnational status 跨国优势

transfer price 转让价格

consolidation 兼并

leverage 杠杆

Federal Reserve 美联储

financial turmoil/meltdown金融危机

file for bankruptcy 申请破产

bailout 救助

take over 收购

buy out 购买(某人的)产权或全部货物

go under 破产

take a nosedive (股市)大跌

tumble 下跌

falter 摇摇欲坠

on the hook 被套住

shore up confidence 提振市场信心

stave off 挡开, 避开

liquidate assets 资产清算

at fire sale prices 超低价

sell-off 证券的跌价

这是美伦小编为大家整理的金融方面的词汇,以后小编还会为大家整理更多更实用的词汇,

当然,如果大家有论文作业没写而自己又没时间时候不妨找我们美伦教育,成立七年已经累计为超过20000名留学生们代写作业,我们之所以能够发展到今天,都是因为在留学生大军中有这良好的口碑,绝对值得您信赖。如果有作业代写要求赶紧联系我们的网站在线客服吧。

economics essay经济学论文代写-英国房地产繁荣的背后

英国的房地产繁荣了十多年。2008年经济危机时才开始时慢了下来。在经济繁荣时期英国房地产的价值飙升,以及在某些情况下的投资价值上涨了超过200%。这一繁荣现象的主要因素之一是经济长期持续增长,而且利率由政府和保持低。添加到这些因素导致本地和外国投资房地产投资的热情不减。这其中却隐藏了危机,最后政府严格控制的新的地产建在那段时期,以便有效需求超过供应。本文是一篇economics essay经济学论文代写案列,分析的是英国房产过热的背后。

The United Kingdom enjoyed serious property boom for over a decade. The property boom slowed down when the economic meltdown commenced in 2008. During the boom years the value of property in the United Kingdom soared, and in some cases the value of properties rose by over 200 percent
One of the main factors for the boom was that the economy had a long period of sustained growth, furthermore the interest rates were regulated by the government and kept low. Added to these factors was an upsurge in property investments fuelled by both local and foreign investors. Finally the government kept a tight control on the number of new houses built during that period, so that effectively demand outstripped supply (Cameron, 2005:5).
Currently, the bubble in the property market in the United Kingdom has burst and the market is currently undergoing some reforms. Prices are no longer rising as fast as they were some years ago and there is now an oversupply of houses in the property market as home owners are reluctant to sell in this current state. The effect of this is that supply of properties out stripes demand in residential property (Ruddick and Moore, 2010:1).
The economic slowdown affected all sectors of the property market, however the price of houses in London are slowly picking up and this is due to the weak pound that has made a lot of foreign investors to come in to the UK and invest in properties (Evening Standard, March 30, 2010).
Stake holders are arguing that the Carlsberg review of residential properties should be the bench mark for carrying out reforms in the residential sector as well as all the other sectors of the property market. Furthermore, the reforms currently going on is aimed at producing better and more information to customers, this lead to the introduction of the Home Owners Information Package (HIPs).
The government plans to regulate the property market, especially the estate agents so that it will no longer be an all comer’s affairs. Finally, there is now a standards board in the property industry, although they have limited powers.

On the other hand, the residential property market in Europe is different from the property market in the UK. The residential property market in the UK encourages people to buy their own homes, unlike in Europe, where the emphasis is more on long term renting (Oswald, 1999:10). Credit is readily available in the UK in order to assist home owners to buy properties, unlike in Europe where it was not easily available (Oswald, 1999:10). However all this has changed as the residential property market in Europe is undergoing some reforms that has had a great effect on the residential, commercial and industrial properties all over Europe. It appears that most European nations are copying the UK model and are now encouraging its citizens to be home owners instead of renting. Spain is a good example (Oswald, 1999:7).
Furthermore, with the opening up of the EU, Europeans can now move to any EU country and acquire property, this factor has greatly affected the property market in the EU, because capital can now be moved easily and investors in one part of the EU can take advantage of cheap properties in any other part of the EU.
Finally, it appears that for eight years starting from 1990, the reforms and gains of the real estate market in the United Kingdom were modelled on the system of the United States; however for six years starting from 1998, the property market in the United Kingdom appeared to be harmonized with that of its European neighbours (Lee, 2009:32).

Commercial Property and Industrial Property

Commercial properties are scarce in the UK and demand exceeds supply. This among other factors led to a boom in the commercial property sector. However there appears to be a slump at the moment as Commercial property in UK was also affected by the global economic down turn. However current reports indicate that the commercial property sector in the UK is picking up and investors are starting to snatch up prime commercial properties (Evening Standard, March 30, 2010).
The commercial property yield in the UK is quite impressive and high compared to its European neighbours.
On the other hand, commercial properties in Europe also appear to be booming. The European economy is recovering and a lot of foreign investors are investing in commercial properties in Europe (Oswald, 1999:7). The economic meltdown has also affected the growth of commercial property in Europe and the sector is also undergoing reforms just like the market is undergoing in the UK. Most EU countries have put legislation in place in order to allow real estate investment trusts (Oswald, 1999:27). This legislation will make it easier for foreign investors to invest in the commercial property sector and inject the much need funds in order to keep the commercial property sector booming.
Finally the demand for industrial property is low in the UK. This is due to the fact that a lot of industries are closing down due to high cost of labour and the strong Pound Sterling. Companies are moving their operations to Europe and other areas where it will be cheaper for them to operate. While in Europe the demand for industrial property is booming, due to the stability of the Euro as well as the economic prosperity in the Euro Zone. Furthermore due to some recent EU Directives, setting an industry in some EU countries is now a lot cheaper and easier than it used to be.

(B)

The five major skills that I acquired in the university are as follows: communication skills, multi-tasking, organizing skills and time management skills, IT skills and interpersonal abilities.

The main purpose of communication is to convey one’s message to recipients. Good communication takes many forms such as speaking, writing and listening (Heller, 1998:6). I gained my communication skills in the university through course work presentations, seminar discussions, formal training sessions and face to face meeting with my course leader. These range of activities helped me to acquire my verbal and communication skills in the university. I improved my verbal and communications skills in the university by devoting time to the three key elements of effective communication, which are, effective initial preparation, effective structuring of my material and effective delivery of my material (King, 1992: 14).
Finally, the art of getting one’s message across effectively is a vital part of being a good manager (Heller, 1998:1). Communication skill will help me in future because no matter my status within an organization I will be giving instructions to my colleagues, superiors or juniors and these instructions can range from simple instructions or requests to complex instructions.

I also gained IT skills and interpersonal abilities while studying in the university. We had a specialized IT unit in the university that offered training and support to students. I went for many lectures and training that the IT unit organized on campus.
We had a large IT laboratory on campus and each student had a password that allowed the student access to any of the personal computers in the IT laboratory and there was always an IT specialist to offer technical support to any student that was experiencing difficulties.
Inter personal abilities is basically about getting on well with your colleagues. I was in a university with people from different cultures and backgrounds. I also lived in the hostel and I had three flat mates all from different cultures and backgrounds and we to share the same living room and kitchen. These are the factors that helped me gain inter personal skills while studying in the university.
The explosive growth of information technology in recent years highlights the need and importance of IT skills (Pearlson & Saunders, 2006:7).
In future if I work in an organisation I could be asked to take on any tasks that require different skills at different times. Finally, most organisations are now a mix of people from different cultures and backgrounds, therefore my interpersonal skills as well as communications will benefit me, if I find myself working in such multinational organisations in the future.

One other skill that I gained while studying was multi-tasking and organizing skills. These two skills are essential skill (Crenshaw, 2007:15). I gained this skill by taking part in different activities in the university. As an undergraduate you are introduced to many different activities and some of them have no relationship with one another. I was introduced to so many different activities that involved different tasks to accomplish. I gained organising skills by been involved in many societies on campus. The effect of this was that I had to organise my time effectively and efficiently between my course work and my other activities on campus. This skill will help me in future due to the fact that I can cope in a busy working environment. Furthermore, I can be versatile and engage in different activities that are not related. Finally, I will be able to organize and balance my personal life and my working life.

The last key skill that I acquired while in the university was time management skills. Time management is all about determining one’s priorities. There is usually a lot to accomplish in the university. When you acquire this skill you can then be able to determine your priorities. I gained this skill my making a daily ‘to do’ list the day before and I usually organized my list in accordance with three criteria: the importance/urgency of the task, the amount of time available and the quality of time available (Morris, 1996:73). This skill enabled me to be in control of my personal life and academic life. This skill will help me function well under pressure and make me be in control of my work load in any organisation I find myself working for in future.

Bibliography

Cameron, G (2005) The UK Housing Market, Economic Review, University of Oxford Journal, Oxford
Crenshaw, D (2007) The Myth of Multi-tasking, Key Organisations System, London
Heller, R (1998) Communicate Clearly, Dorling Kindersley, London
King, A.G (1992) Effective Communication, Blackstone Press, London
Lee, S (2009) Is the UK real estate market converging with the rest of Europe? Journal of European Real Estate Research, Vol.2, Issue 1, 18-32
Morris, B (1996) First Steps in Management, Library Association Publishing, London
Oswald, A.J (1999) The Housing market and Europe’s Unemployment: A Non-Technical Paper, Economic Department, University of Warwick, Warwick
Ruddick, G and Moore, M (2010) UK Housing Market: Double Dip Fears, Telegraph on line can be assessed at < http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/economics/houseprices/7539267/UK-housing-market-double-dip-fears-subside-slightly.html >
Scott, P (1996) The property Masters: a History of the British Commercial Property Sector, Spon E & FN, London