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高分essay代写范文:尼日利亚的教育问题

        下面Meeloun小编为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Improvement in Education Is Needed for Nigeria’s Development,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了尼日利亚的教育问题。目前,尼日利亚面临的许多挑战中,促进其国家发展最重要的是改进教育制度,因为教育是决定未来一代如何生活的根本因素。而尼日利亚的教育问题根源在于其入学率非常低,广泛的贫困、政治不稳定、庞大的童工市场、文化原因以及严重的性别歧视等原因是导致其问题的关键。

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高分essay代写范文

        Introduction 介绍

        1960年独立后,尼日利亚一直在政治动荡和经济问题中挣扎。尼日利亚政府必须面对许多历史和新问题,例如石油经济的改革、处理种族和宗教紧张局势以及发展民主(CIA)。然而,从人民的角度来看,在尼日利亚目前面临的诸多挑战中,促进国家发展最重要的是完善教育体系,因为教育是年轻人/未来一代人的根本决定因素。总的来说,当一个国家年纪较大时,就会在社会中发挥作用,因此,这是一个国家能够为其未来做出的最直接的投资,在社会的所有领域都会产生严重的后果。

        After it independence in 1960, Nigeria has been struggling in political turbulence and economic problems. There are many historical and new issues that the Nigerian government has to face, such as the reforming of the petroleum-based economy, dealing with the ethnic and religious tensions, and developing democracy (CIA). However, from the people’s perspective, among the many challenges Nigeria is currently facing, the most important to furthering its national development is to improve the education system, since education is the fundamental determinant of how the young/future generation. In general, will perform in society when they are older, and therefore is the most direct investment that a country can make for its future, with serious consequences in all realms of society.

        Low School Enrollment in Nigeria

        The most fundamental issue facing the Nigerian education system is the low enrollment rate of children in primary schools. In Nigeria, 40% of children aged six to eleven do not attend primary school, and this proportion can be considerably higher in the impoverished inland north. 30% of students have not completed their primary school education, and only 54% of them successfully matriculate into the country’s middle schools (Unicef). This low rate of education among the youth dramatically reduces the job options for the younger generation, resulting in low utilization rate of human capital and limiting the overall development of Nigeria.

        A major concern is the gender gap. Compared to the boys, Nigerian girls are less likely to attend school. The causes are complex but roughly include four aspects: cultural barriers, family financial difficulties, child labor market, and early marriage. Cultural and religious norms have limited the role of women in Nigeria. Most parents of girls are more willing to only send their children to Qur’anic schools (Unicef). Even for those who managed to enroll in secular schools, 30% of them might drop out. Early marriage is another issue that keeps the girls from being educated, and poverty is another reason. The cost of education is a heavy burden for some poor families because they cannot afford the tuition, books, materials, transportation, and other costs of educating their child, and the state provides very limited assistance. The cost of indirect education for girls is also seen as higher than boys, and this is also linked to the issue of child labor. In Nigeria, child labor is a necessary income stream for poor households (Unicef). Girls working as child laborers not only save on the cost of direct education, they could also help with housework, take care of siblings, and also provide cheap, productive labor and make additional income for the family. Early marriage is also more of a problem for girls than boys. Once the girls get married, they inevitably have children, and the chance for them to continue their education drops to a much lower level than before.

        The low education level of the country’s women deeply affects Nigeria’s national prosperity. As these women become poorly educated laborers for life, they can only pursue entry-level jobs. What is worse, the fertility rate remains high in poor households, continuing the low-income developmental trap (Sachs, 2005). Having six or seven children leaves the women no choice but to play the role of homemaker and exclusively focus on parenting, plus her lack of education makes her less competitive in the job market. Education will bring many social achievements and economic benefits, but the lack of female education in Nigeria deprived them of the opportunity to participate in the future economic development of the country. This situation forms a negative cycle for the women of Nigeria and it is leaving half the population with an inability to contribute to the development of the country or of themselves.

        Balancing Increased Enrollment With Quality Improvements

        Not only should we be concerned about whether the children, and how many of them, are attending school in Nigeria, but we should also pay attention to the quality of education in the country, which, also sorely needs to be improved. The government has launched policies to improve the education quality of Nigeria, such as the Universal Basic Education Scheme in 1999, and has emphasized the improvement of teaching quality, assessment, and teacher training as the priorities (Majo, 2000). However, as current statistics show, improvements have been quite limited. The general direction of development seems to be correct (Sen, 1988), but the biggest challenge facing education is still financial support and funding.

        First of all, the number of schools in Nigeria, as well as the number of facilities and employees/teachers of these institutions, is not proportionally equivalent to the number of school age children. This makes it hard to improve the quality and efficiency of the education system. Statistics show that, on average, 600 of primary school students in Nigeria have to share a single toilet. Most schools in rural areas also lack water, electricity, and other basic resources. As for the number of schools, there were about 54,000 public primary schools in 2009 (Abuja). From a numeric perspective, this seems sufficient, but disparities in quality are extreme and highly unsatisfactory. Another problem is that the entire northern part of the country is experiencing a low-level civil war as the Boko Haram conducts its insurgency. This does not help to secure the budget to improve the education system. A lack of qualified teachers is another issue.

        The education system could be largely improved by securing an amount of funding that is decent enough to support the educational institutions. While many governments have policies for free and compulsory education, however, most developing countries are unable to maintain comprehensive free education, such as Nigeria. And non-free education will cause the problem of poor households being unable to afford the children education. As a recession economy, it is difficult for Nigeria to guarantee free education for the people. Moreover, experience around the world show that free education is only a slogan unless parents, people, or governments have economic capacity. Nigeria could therefore consider the establishment of a program that directly or indirectly raises funds for its national education system (Adeyemi, 2011). However, in the implementation of the program, it is necessary to pay attention to corruption. The gap between rich and poor in many poor countries is relatively large, and given the lack of government regulation, corruption continues to breed. It is important to pay attention to the future of the country through the education program.

        Child Labor Market’s Effect on Education System

        Another factor that decreases the number of children attending schools is that the Nigerian labor market soaks up a large number of school age children (of both genders) to work as they are not supposed to. In Nigeria, there are approximately 15 million children under 14 years old who have become laborers, doing unwanted jobs that could potentially harm their physical and mental health. Although Nigeria passed a Child’s Rights Law in 2003, not all 36 states had accepted it. The process of taking the law in each state is still ongoing; meanwhile, child labor is still very common in the north (Kure, 2013).

        This situation is difficult to be change, or at least to be seriously improved, and poverty is the most obvious reason for the short- term because the child laborers’ incomes have become necessary for their families. Without that portion of money, the chance of the children to get future education would be even lower because of poverty. Lack of education is also a primary cause of child labor in Nigeria. “Where between 60% – 70% of child labor is prevalent, do not posses adequate school facilities. Even when schools are sometimes available, they are too far away, difficult to reach, unaffordable, or the quality of education is so poor that parents wonder if going to school is really worth it.” (Nwazuoke & Igwe, 2016). Other reasons for non-attendance include such reasons as broken homes, and parental absence should also be taken into consideration.

        The consequences could be easily foretold. If the children continue to become laborers instead of learning knowledge in school, this poverty trap will be inescapable for the entire nation, since the future generation is not receiving enough education which can improve their society and lives in the future. In addition, child labor would also increase the risk of injuries, disabilities, and even death of workers. Also, due to lack of management, education, and boundaries, some children might become sex workers, street criminals or join political movements to reform society, which may also have additional effects in destabilizing the country. The increasing political participation might lead to violence (Huntington, 1971). All of the above pose risks to the future development of the entire country.

        Conclusion

        Nigeria has a strong capacity for potential development, with its massive resources and large population, but a number of extensive and long-term problems have thwarted its development and becoming a major power and strong civil society. Nigeria’s extensive poverty, political instability, large child labor markets, cultural reasons and high levels of sexism and gender inequality and other reasons have kept enrollment rates very low and are harming the future development prospects of the nation. Increasing this enrollment rate, and improving the quality of education that the students receive, is vital to securing Nigeria’s future and to securing the welfare of its citizens. Attempts have been made to focus on these issues and they are widely recognized, but little progress has been made in recent years. It will be necessary to secure a stable political and security environment as a basis for this, after which revenue streams will need to be developed that can eliminate the child labor market, increase student enrollment, and begin to channel funds towards improving school quality while cleaning up corruption and rolling back some of the sexism that has been harming the future of women and of the country as a whole.

留学生不想完成essay时如何自我调解?

        每个人都有非常丧的时候,都有明明有很多essay写作要求完成,但是什么都不想做。基本上每次都会拖延到deadline,才迟迟动身去做该做的事情。Meeloun小编在这里分享几个tips,激励自己更好地完成任务,不打折扣地完成自己该做的事情。

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essay季如何调解情绪

        第一:不想做是因为你害怕做不好。

        留学生每次要写新的essay的时候,会都非常头疼,一篇essay背后,可能要看三四十篇文献,任务量巨大,写不好还要面临低分甚至挂科的结局。很多人因为害怕这个不好的结果,所以一直没有勇气去开始。

        解决方法就是:把任务量化,把大任务化成小任务,并且写在纸上,提前列一个计划表。把老师要求的deadline提前一周,设为自己的ddl,把一篇essay要看的文献找好,每天看多少篇,每天写多少字,文章结构,每个部分写什么,都列得清清楚楚,看到这个计划表之后,就觉得只要坚持每天去做,就能写出一篇好的essay,因此不必慌张,按部就班来就好。当然这个计划是很灵活的,要根据实际情况每天做一些调整。

        第二:尽量去图书馆学习,不要在自己的房间里呆着。

        图书馆里有很多人在学习,有学习的紧张感和看书的氛围。在自己的房间里呆着很容易拖延而且效率不高,时不时还要玩会儿手机,饿了要吃东西,困了就想躺床上睡觉,效率远远低于图书馆的效率。在家里主动学习的难度很大,你要下很大的决心才能好好坐下来学习,这个心理建设的过程可能会消耗你更多的时间,不要给自己增加挑战,乖乖收拾书包直接去图书馆。把所有与学习无关的东西都收拾起来,给自己营造一个良好的学习环境。

        第三:远离手机,微信,一切社交app

        出门学习的时候,手机能不带就不要带,在家学习的时候,手机能关机就关机。这样做的目的是减少诱惑,不要给自己机会去触碰这些诱惑的东西。不带手机就是把一个定时炸弹放在家里,这样你的心自然就静下来了,不用时不时去看消息。关机和一些种树app都不如不带手机来的爽快,但是如果实在没有办法必须要带手机出门]的话,那就尽量把它关机放在包里不要拿出来放在桌面上。

        第四:让自己有个缓冲期

        有些时候你进入图书馆,一下子还不能很快进入学习状态,不要逼自己,可以先听一些缓慢的音乐,让自己放松下来,告诉自己学习是一件快乐的事情,不是痛苦的事情,要好好享受属于自己的学习时间。可以打开自己的笔记本写一些自己的计划,查看一下自己的timetable,从这些事情入手,大概十多分钟就慢慢进入状态了。

        第五:坚持长时间学习

        虽然现在很流行碎片学习法,吃饭的时候,坐车的时候,甚至上厕所的时候来学习。Meeloun小编不是很认同这样的观点,或许这样的方法不适合自己。小编比较享受长时间的学习,一学七八个小时的那种,当然不是一直学,中间去上厕所,吃个橘子,喝杯咖啡来休息几分钟,但是会找一天中的一大块时间,持续的在学习状态里呆着,这样做的好处是,可以一下午或者一晚上做很多事情,也可以进入深度思考,学习的成就感很高。喜欢下午两点到晚上八点的这个时间段,学习好了去健身房这样舒舒服服回家护肤写手帐睡觉,每个人的状况不同,找到自己兴奋的时间段,好好利用即可,也可以早起学习。试着早起学习,效率不高而且心理上很痛苦,因此宁可浪费一点早上的时间,不紧不慢吃了早饭看自己喜欢的闲书每天给自己画个妆做一天计划,再开始一天的学习生活,这样觉得比较幸福。要学会倾听自己身体的声音,尽量顺着自己的身体,不要太逼迫自己,幸福感也很重要。只有幸福了,学习的效率才会高。

        第六:给自己一些可见的奖励

        有些留学生如果坚持好好学习了一周,可能会放纵自己周末出去好好玩一顿,如果好好坚持学习了一个月,我可能会给自己一个三五天的小长假,出去旅行,像三月份这个月,都在写essay,真的很辛苦,写完之后同学们可以放个假!接下来的四月份又是一个充满挑战的月份,同学们也可以给自己预定游玩,回来再好好学习。奖赏什么依个人情况而定。想买的东西不要一时兴起就买,告诉自己如果坚持学习了或者达到了什么目标奖励给自己礼物,等到完成目标那一天再买,幸福感更高。其实也不会花很多钱,因为平时花大量的时间在学习上而不是shopping上,反倒会省很多钱。

        第七:状态不好的时候,学会放松和开导自己

        每个人都会遇到不开心的时候,就算是什么烦心事也没有,也会有高兴不起来的时刻,这些都很正常。运动可以帮助我们消化不良情绪,跟朋友聊聊天,把自己的困惑说出来,或者写出来,不要在状态不好的时候,还指责自己觉得自己做的不好。多给自己一些肯定和鼓励,告诉自己没事的,放松一下哪怕是放纵一下都是可以的。

        总之,大家要关爱自己,照顾好自己,听从自己内心和身体的声音,找到最适合自己的essay写作方法, 让自己尽快度过down期, 能量满满去完成essay写作。祝大家生活学习愉快!需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!

留学Essay写作原则讲解

美国留学个人陈述怎么写才能让人眼前一亮呢?其实个人陈述写作没有我们想象的那么困难,只要坚持下面个人陈述写作的六个原则,你一定可以在申请者中脱颖而出。

留学文书写作原则讲解
1. 专业
你在你的个人陈述和RL里首先要写大量的专业性的东西,并且在写RL的时候尤其要以指导老师的口吻写很多你做实验的细节性的东西,并且说你如何解决了一些决定性的问题。因为谁都可以说自己做了什么什么很难的东西,可是如何让对方信服,就看这些细节性的东西了。
就象去骗签证官,如果你无法说出一两个专业名词的话,即使有大学毕业证书证明你是哪所学校什么专业毕业的,也不能让签证官相信你确实是去美国上学,而不是去打工或移民什么的。因为任何文件都可以造假,而你的思想是造不了假的。你要尽量把你的思想给反映出来。道理是一样的。
你一定要记住,美国的大学之所以给你奖学金,求着你去学他们的理工科专业,并不是因为你的英语学的比美国人好,GRE考的比美国人高,或是想给中国免费培养人才,而是你能为他们做实验,能给他们出文章,你在美国攻读学位期间所做的工作将会或大或小的为美国的经济发展做出贡献,尽管也许一时还看不出来。所以,专业原则是最重要的一个原则。
你可以在写作的时候出一点小错误(当然最好是没有),也许你的辞藻不是很华丽,但是,这些小纰漏都可以原谅,我相信美国大学的录取老师不会就这些表面的东西抓住不放,因为你的母语毕竟不是英语,但如果你对自己的专业一无所知的话,这就不可原谅了!
2. 个性
我相信申请出国的大多数人都不是牛人。当你不是牛人,无法向对方吹嘘自己是多么的聪明的时候,你就必须向对方展现自己的个人魅力。当你坐在计算机前开始写作的时候,你一定要想清楚自己是什么样的人,自己有什么优点。如果你不能让对方相信你的聪明和爱因斯坦是同数量级的(这种人指的是毕业于名校,GPA在3.8以上),那么你就应该让他相信你的勤奋或是坚韧的毅力与阿甘相比有过之而无不及,——–当然你也可以想出你的其他优点。
不过,你也不要把我的意思弄拧了,我并不是说,你不能说自己是聪明的,而是说,你或许可以着更多的笔墨在你的勤奋上。毕竟,聪明仅仅是成功的一个因素,而你的毅力,合作力等等可能是成功更重要的因素。你应该善于揣摩对方的心理,要知道,不管是中国的导师还是外国的导师都希望自己的学生把大部分时间花在实验上,而且做事要有责任心,要有百折不挠的勇气,而有时聪明的学生可能这方面做的并不很好。
3. 优势突出原则和实话
这两个原则本来都不想写,因为觉得谁都应该知道的,可是考虑到可能还是有人没能明白这个原则,所以还是得写。我丈夫就是这样的。他的第一篇PS给我看了,他谈到了他父亲的死对他的影响,谈到了要为中国的富强做出贡献(看的我好感动),可是他对自己人生的闪光点却只字未提。我对他说要重写,而且第一篇一个字也不能保留。他的PS应该是这样的:他于某某年以全年级第一名的成绩被保送到北京大学化学系(并且此时要注明全年级有多少人),并且北京大学是全中国排名第一的大学。
又因为在北京大学学习优秀,在多少多少人中脱颖而出,在某某年获得年级或系里的奖学金。并且又于某某年因为在多少人中排名多少名,被著名的北京大学保送到著名的中国科学院读研究生,等等。下面的就不用我说了吧,反正你曾经获得过什么奖励,获得过什么特殊的机会是一定要写明白的。
对了,还有你的最有说服力的优势,就是你发表的论文。你的文章是在什么杂志上发表的,这个杂志有没有被SCI收录,SCI影响因子是多少,也一定要写清楚。这可是重头戏,对你的录取有极大帮助。所以大家千万不要小看你的文章,而且如果有可能的话,尽量往国外杂志上发。
然后是实话原则。从小在中国的政治课中教育出来的中国学生们喜欢喊口号,回忆一下我们上的作文课,语文老师谆谆教导我们写作文立意要新,眼光要高,最后都要归结为要为四化做贡献这样的大而宽的主题中去。可是,有谁能真正相信自己学习的最内在的动力是为祖国做贡献呢?写PS的时候不是展现你的爱国心的地方。一个一直在社会主义下成长和受教育的人尚且不会相信你拿学位的最大动力是因为爱国,更何况是一个西方思想的老外?
所以你宁可把自己讲的普通一些,也不要给别人留下不诚实的印象。不过,你一定要谈你学习某某专业的动机,最好也最普通的动机是你的兴趣,或是你对未来事业的设想,但是,不管你写什么,你一定要让对方相信这确实是你最内在也是最直接的动机。—–既然写了,就一定要写的象些。
4. 自信原则
美国人喜欢自我表现,他们喜欢自信的人。不管你是写个人陈述,还是去见签证官,或是以后在课堂上做presentation,你都要牢记这个原则。所以自信原则是贯穿于你的PS始终的。你要象展示你的传家宝一样自信的向他们展示你闪光点,也要以expert的语气大谈你做过的课题。所有你的这些语气,都会为你赢得不少分数的。
5. 清楚
所谓的清楚原则,就是你的个人陈述中没有任何有疑问的地方。就象写专业论文一样,如果有缩写,在出现的第一次,你一定要写出它的全称,打个括号写上缩写(当然是除了众所周知的,譬如GRE,TOEFL之类的)。如果你拿过奖学金,一定要象我在优势突出原则中写的那样,要注明是在多少人的竞争中拿到的。并且,你上的大学排名多少也一定要注明。因为外国人是不可能非常清楚地了解中国大学的情况的,所以你一定要给别人留下清楚的感觉。这样,你的才华才不会被埋没。

留学文书写作原则
6. 简洁
这个原则来源于我看到的OF156表上,申请学生签证时必须填的学习计划。以后大家会看到,这一项中给的空格特别小,估计也只够写下30-40字的,而学习计划则是多么庞大的一个课题啊!老公不禁抱怨美国人小气,那么节省纸张。其实,美国人倒不是为了节省纸张,而是为了节省时间。不会有人会有时间去看你的冗长的叙述的,所以你一定要写的简洁。我认为一篇PS以一张半A4纸为宜,最多也不能超过两页。
一封RL也就一页纸。但是,你在这么少的篇幅里一定要写出你的个性。如果能用一句话写的,千万不要用两句话。有效的用一些同位语插入,缩短你的篇幅,当然这是以句子流畅为前提的,不要把文章写的象GRE的阅读那么晦涩难懂。每段开头最好有一个topic sentence,这样让看的人可以最快的抓住主题,不要让人家看半天也不知道你想说什么。反正要用最短的篇幅反映最多的内容。
譬如说我给老公在OF156表上写的学习计划是这样的:某某领域,在中国正方兴未艾,而美国某某大学的某某教授是这个领域的领头羊,我相信我在某某大学学习这个专业一定会对我回到中国后,在这个领域的发展起到巨大的促进作用的。基本上两句话就够了,既说明了你学这个专业的目的,也说明了你为什么回国。
以上就是给大家分析的美国留学个人陈述怎么写,具体的写作还要靠大家去自己把握。个人陈述写好后,最好给英文好的人看一下,再请自己专业的人看一下。多找几个人最好。

留学论文怎么写?

留学Essay,留学论文怎么写,论文代写

Essay是本科留学申请文书中的重要内容。可以看做是说明文,也可以是议论文。总体来说就是引用别的事物来证明某个观点。不论Essay的类型怎样,不论Essay的组织怎样,Essay的一些基本组成部分是可以通用的。那么Essay怎么写呢?

首先选择一个主题,一般学校并不给出具体的题目,只是指出大概方向,学生自己确定主题和写作。申请者要通过个性化的写作充分展示自己的与众不同之处。Essay的题目和内容可以是千奇百怪,但一定要主题突出,集中细节描写,展现自我特长和个性。

一位学生写自己在中学期间组建过女子足球队,做过义工和其他一些社会活动,对学校的感情很深,自己的爸爸、爷爷都毕业于将要申请的这所学校。另一位学生的小论文的第一句话是“当同龄人进入青春期时,自己的青春期却迟到了”,迟到的青春期给他带来一系列烦恼,同龄的男孩子也会欺负他,别人开始萌发美好爱情时,他被更多女生看作弟弟,甚至连自己哥哥也用略带嘲讽的口吻问他,怎么还不长胡子。当迟到的“青春期先生”终于到来后,回首经历的一系列烦恼,他更多的是感谢这段经历,使自己更自信,更谦虚,更宽容待人。

“假如你是招生官,更喜欢哪篇?”面对教育专员的提问,现场学生和家长各抒己见。一位学生说喜欢第二篇,独特的角度,生动、幽默的语言,让人看到这是一个什么样的人,作者的性格品质跃然纸上。另一位男生则喜欢第一篇,觉得通过文字,可以看出这位学生开展了许多活动,有社会责任感。一位家长说,如果要招收工程、建筑等理工科类专业学生,可能倾向于第一个学生,因为其小论文似乎更有条理;如果要招收需要发散思维的学生,可能会考虑第二个。

现场另一位学生认为两篇各有不足,第一篇只展示学生做了哪些事儿,却显示不出作者是个什么样的人。第二篇的故事可以看出他是什么样的人,却看不出他做了哪些事儿。还有位学生索性说会考虑两个学生,然后发邮件让他们补充故事材料。

面对学生和家长的议论,教育专员指出,这些正是学生写小论文时普遍存在的问题,总有很多担心,担心像第二个学生那样,只写一点,不能尽其言,担心招生官无法看到自己其他方面的优秀表现,担心很多要表达的内容无法写进去。最终,很多学生为了“保险起见”会写的面面俱到,恨不得把自己所有参与过的活动都写进去,但招生官没有时间看一份面面俱到却毫无生动的Essay,只会对那种个性突出的学生感兴趣。

总结了如下三个关键点:第一、不要一味套用写作模板回答问题。因为这样很容易偏移原来大学文书的主题,而大学审查官也很容易察觉这种写作方式。第二、学会利用鲜活的实例,让读者进入你的情境中,让大学申请部的老师们可以感觉到申请人的想法。第三、依照自己的性格写文书。在阅读无数的文书后,阅卷老师已能分辨什么是诚实与不诚实的作答,可以区分什么是发自内心回答,因而写作时应该让文书有趣,却又不可丧失自我。