essay代写|essay格式|essay代写价格-留学生essay代写网 - Part 4

高分essay代写范文-平面设计中的心理学

        下面为大家整理一篇优秀的Essay代写范文-Psychology in graphic design,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了平面设计中的心理学。平面设计是设计师们将自己的心理活动思想用图片或者是符号的形式进行传达,所以心理学与平面设计是密切相关的,是属于重叠的关系,即平面设计被心理学所影响,心理学也能够让设计师设计出更符合大众的产品。

Essay代写范文

        Graphic design is a design that expresses the information language through visual images or even media,and conveys the visual sense to individuals.Graphic design is designers to their own psychological activities in the form of pictures or symbols to convey.You can choose to create graphic design by combining graphics,or by hand painting.In graphic design,it not only brings aesthetic enjoyment to people in terms of visual sense,but also conveys information and ideas.”communication”refers to the process that the sender transmits information to the receiver by means of surrounding visual symbols.It not only refers to the communication within individuals,but also refers to the communication between individuals.Graphic design is derived from people’s behaviors in life,while psychology is to study people’s psychology and behavior rules.Therefore,graphic design and psychology are closely related.

        平面设计是一种通过视觉图像甚至媒体来表达信息语言,并将视觉传达给个人的设计。平面设计是设计师以自己的心理活动形式以图片或符号来传达的。您可以选择通过组合图形或手工绘制来创建图形设计。在平面设计中,它不仅给人们带来视觉上的审美享受,而且传达信息和思想。”“通信”是指发送方通过周围的视觉符号向接收方传输信息的过程。它不仅指个人内部的交流,也指个人之间的交流。平面设计源于人们生活中的行为,而心理学则是研究人们的心理和行为规律。因此,平面设计与心理学密切相关。

        Psychology earliest can be traced back to ancient Greece,and the scientific psychology,has been to the early 19th century,the German doctor Wilhelm wundt is put forward,and in 1879,when Wilhelm wundt in university created the first psychological lab in leipzig,Germany,marks the birth of psychology,he also referred to as the”father of psychology”.The so-called psychology is a science specializing in the study of human and other biological psychological activities,behaviors and mental functions,which is related to both natural science and social science.It can also be called intermediate science or crossover science.Not only can make people know,but also can predict and timely regulate people’s psychological activities and behavioral activities of a regular science.

        心理学最早可追溯到古希腊,科学心理学最早可追溯到19世纪初,德国医生威尔姆·冯特提出,1879年,大学里的威尔姆·冯特在德国莱比锡创建了第一个心理学实验室,标志着心理学的诞生。他还被称为“心理学之父”。所谓心理学,是专门研究人的生理心理活动、行为和心理功能的科学,它既与自然科学有关,又与社会科学有关。它也可以被称为中间科学或交叉科学。不仅能使人们了解,而且能预测和及时调节人们的心理活动和行为活动,是一门正规的科学。

        Each design product is created according to people’s specific point,line,surface,composition,color and strong purpose.At the same time,it also contains the psychological activities of designers,which shows that there is psychology in graphic design.

        每个设计产品都是根据人们的具体点、线、面、构成、色彩和强烈的目的而创造的。同时也包含了设计师的心理活动,说明平面设计中存在着心理学。

        Psychology and graphic design are closely related and belong to an overlapping relationship,that is,graphic design is influenced by psychology,which can also enable designers to design products more in line with the public.First of all,there are points,lines and surfaces.Every piece of work or object,whether created artificially or existing naturally,contains points,lines and surfaces.About surface,Mr.Shi qixin’s”plane composition”describes:”when the length and width of the shape are greatly different,it will be a line.It can be said that the line is long and narrow.When the width of the line exceeds a certain amount,the feeling of the line will weaken and tend to the surface.”Plane composition”co-written by Mr.Xiang chunfang and Mr.Chen bing describes it as:”the point is the basis of all forms,but the size of the point cannot exceed a certain visual limit…Points and lines become surfaces when they exceed a certain visual limit.”Many phenomena show that points,lines and surfaces are closely related to psychology.If be in a piece of composition of a picture,draw two black circular plane,but size of these two black circular plane is different,put its in horizontal position,can let a person produce a kind of feeling of weightlessness,unconscious can be inclined toward bigger circular plane.However,if the horizontal position of the two is changed into a diagonal position,the position of the larger circle remains the same,and the smaller circle is placed on the upper right of the larger circle,a sense of space can be generated by pulling back and forth.These two cases indicate that the points,lines and planes in plane composition are closely related to psychology.

        心理学与平面设计有着密切的联系,属于交叉关系,也就是说,平面设计受心理学的影响,也可以使设计人员更贴近大众,设计产品。首先,有点、线和面。每件作品或物体,无论是人工创造的还是自然存在的,都包含点、线和表面。关于表面,史启新先生的“平面构成”描述:“当形状的长度和宽度有很大不同时,它就会是一条线。”可以说这条线又长又窄。当线条的宽度超过一定量时,线条的感觉就会减弱并倾向于表面。”项春芳先生和陈兵先生合著的《平面构图》,描述为:“点是一切形式的基础,但点的大小不能超过一定的视觉极限……当点和线超过一定的视觉极限时,它们就变成了表面。”许多现象表明,点、线和表面与心理学密切相关。如果在一幅构图中,画出两个黑色的圆形平面,但这两个黑色圆形平面的大小不同,把它放在水平位置,可以让人产生一种失重感,无意识可以倾向于更大的圆形平面。但是,如果两个圆的水平位置变为对角位置,则大圆的位置保持不变,而小圆位于大圆的右上角,则可以通过前后拉来产生空间感。这两个案例表明,平面构成中的点、线和面与心理学密切相关。

        In plane design,color is the eyeball that strikes a person most directly,bring the first feeling to the person.When the information of graphic design is transmitted,the receiver’s perception and sensitivity to it are the strongest.Black and white these two colors themselves are two extreme colors,they are brightness and brightness of the extreme contrast.Say the color of the house decoration with black and white contrast,black decoration and white decoration to bring people the first feeling is completely opposite.Of black decorate,if all around is black,the vision that gives a person the first impact feeling,the space that can let a person feel a room was narrowed.Of white decorate can have outspread feeling,give a person bright sense.Say again black and white dress,black dress will not consciously modify people’s original figure,so as to achieve the effect that people want,that is,people often say”thin”;White clothes,however,give people a sense of expansion,and do not modify people’s bodies,but more highlight people’s original bodies.The above shows that graphic design also contains the category of psychology.

        Modern plane design different from the traditional plane design,modern graphic designers in the design of graphic design,will combine the subjective and the objective,and also according to the object of a certain structure exaggerated and distorted to design expression,or design,that there is no powerful and unconstrained style objects to metaphor about social,interpersonal relationship and so on a series of profound connotation of degree.However,when people see a novel,vivid and interesting graphic design,vision is the first sense,and often produces a variety of emotions such as perception and intuition.A novel graphic design,will directly hit people’s eyeballs,get people from the inside out of the goodwill and appreciation.Why a whimsical,or even non-existent product design of the graphic design,it is likely to be favored by people?Because a graphic design is full of fun,can from the person gives on the vision impact,brings a series of psychological change,also is because caught people crave it really psychological characteristics,and for the people,this is a overturns the logic of a new experience,is adapted to the people need.

        All the creation of graphic design comes from people’s psychological activities.But if designers only according to their own psychological concept to design the graphic design is their own preference,it is meaningless.So designers not only according to their own psychological activities,but also the psychological factors of the audience.Humans subconsciously prefer to simplify everything.When people perceive things through their senses,they will always pay attention to the most important information and actively ignore the secondary information.Naturally,the main information remains in their mind.This kind of contracted change,abstract sex,it is the perception that people is born with.Especially in the era of developed information,more people tend to simplify the designed products.Of course,some people prefer complex designs.For example,some western countries prefer complex designs,believing that they will look more meaningful.

        But simple does not mean simple without connotation,but the more simple design contains more complex and profound connotation.Like an upside-down question mark,a rough look,this is an upside-down question mark,and a closer look,it’s the image of a pregnant woman.This is an icon designed by the designer for an institution,simple but not simple.Another example is that the same color brings different psychological feelings to people in different shapes.For example,the blue color is divided into a circle and a square.In the circle,it feels like a secluded lake.In the square,it feels like a free sky.Such as we can see the sign at the side of the road in life,said the shape of the triangle,is composed of yellow and black,the inside of the symbol is different,give a person the feeling is different also,just,there is an exclamation point,for example,an exclamation point itself is let a person feel is an important signal,apply to the signs of the means to pay attention to the danger.

        In Kenya hara’s book design within design,he says that”design is not a skill,but the ability to capture the essence and sense of things.”Design is human perception,human observation,human thinking and human psychology.We can learn from,graphic design and overlapping parts of two disciplines of psychology,they are closely related,in graphic design idea,we need to consider in the design in the use of color,composition,design elements,such as behind the visual psychology,combining with graphic design to the content of the performance,considering the practicality,artistry,according to the purpose of the graphic design,as far as possible for us to make our graphic design more scientific.Focusing on the design disciplines at the same time,we should constantly looking for some nutrients from other disciplines,and history tells us that design,aesthetics and psychology,mathematics,geometry,etc there is overlap between these disciplines,in today’s emphasis on interdisciplinary,so we can make the design more depth and more attractive.

Essay写作中的Reference如何解决?

        听说又要写essay了,看到reference和bilibili(呸呸呸,bibliography)的同学们有没有很慌?小编历尽千辛万苦,收集了国外文献的不同格式写法。本文拟重点介绍OSCOLA、Harvard和MLA格式。它们到底是什么,在essay写作中又藏在哪里呢,快和Meeloun小编一起来看看吧。


Essay reference格式

 

       一、Referencing为什么重要?

        指所有一切直接或间接引用的有关联的信息,可以是网页,书籍,报刊,影视资料等等。

        牛津大学曰:“Properly referencing your sources can not only help you to avoid breaking the University’s strict plagiarism rules,but can also help you to strengthen the arguments you make in your work.”

        “正确引用你的来源,不仅可以帮助你避免打破大学的严格抄袭规则,还可以帮助你强化文章的论述。”

        格拉斯哥大学曰:“Referencing is an important part of academic writing.It allows you to acknowledge the ideas or words of others if you use them in your work and helps you to avoid plagiarism.”

        “引用是学术写作的一个重要组成部分。如果你承认别人的想法或文字,它可以让你在文章中使用他们,并帮助您避免抄袭。”

        如果你有过留学经历,那就应该知道外国学者对是否plagiarism(抄袭)有多看重。而你若没有引用,或者引用不当,或许就会因为referencing问题被误认为是plagiarism(抄袭),从而导致挂科、影响毕业。

        此外,除了thesis,像presentation,report等日常assignments都可能需要提供长长的Reference。这既体现了学生的准备是否充分以及检索、调查和研究的能力,又是对他人知识产权的尊重,还可以体现作者的思路,让读者能顺藤摸瓜对某一领域相关知识进行学习。

       二、Reference有哪些类型?

        参考文献有一定格式要求,国外大学常见的格式有8类。

        1.APA(American Psychological Association)通常在社会科学中使用。

        2.Chicago经常被academic publishers使用。

        3.Harvard是最经常使用的referencing类别,在学术刊物上广泛使用。

        4.IEEE(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)经常在Engineering and Technology中使用。

        5.MLA(Modern Language Association)经常在languages and literature的学术写作中使用。

        6.MRHA(Modern Humanities Research Association)常在人文学的学术论文写作中使用。

        7.OSCOLA(Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities)常在法律资料中使用。

        8.Vancouver使用数字系统引用的风格-经常在医学写作中使用

        根据学科专业和文章要求的不同,使用的referencing conventions也可能不同。所以,在写作前,一定要留意该门课professor、lecturer和tutor要求使用的referencing类别。

       (1)OSCOLA

        一般而言,法律类引用格式是Bluebook(美),OSCOLA(英)。

        1.书籍Book Reference[a written work or opus]

        You’ll need to provide information about the book’s author,the title of the book,year of publication,publisher,and book edition.

        Example:M Elliot,Administrative Law(1st,Maxwell,Oxford 2005)15

        2.书籍章节Book Chapter Reference[a chapter from written works or collections]

        You’ll need to provide information about the book’s author,the title of the book,year of publication,publisher,and book edition.

        Example:M Elliot,’Concepts and Understanding’in Westlaw(eds),Administrative Law(1st,Maxwell,Oxford 2005).

        3.期刊Journal Reference[Scholarly published and peer-reviewed literature contained in highly specialized academic research periodicals]

        You’ll need to supply the name of the author,year of publication,journalname,and page numbers.

        Example:M Elliot,’Administrative Law'[2005]AL 2,45

        4.网站Website Reference[a collection of online pages with information on a given topic considered authoritative in academic literature]

        You’ll need to provide the name of the author,year of publication,and publisher of the information.

        Example:Maxwell,’Administrative Law'(Legallaw.com 2005)

        5.案例Case Reference

        Example:Maxwell v House[2005]1 A.B.C.245(QB)

        6.法律法规Legislation Reference

        Example:Human Rights Act 1998 s 15(1)(b)

        7.欧盟立法EU Legislation Reference

        Example:Council Regulation(EC)961/2010 on restrictive measures against Iran and repealing regulation[2003]OJ L423/1

       (2)Harvard Reference

        除此之外,哈佛参考文献注释体系也是较为常用的。

        哈佛文献引用体系(Harvard Referencing System),也叫“作者-日期法”(Author-date method),起源于美国,20世纪50、60年代开始流行,在物理学和自然科学研究领域使用最多,近年来社会科学中也开始流行。根据哈佛体系,每一个引文,无论直接还是间接,都应分别在两处注明:在文中引用(citation)处注明&在文章最后的参考书目(bibliography)处注明。

        以下是Harvard Referencing的教程

        1.In-text citations文中的引用

        include the name of the author/s,the year of publication within the text and the pages(if used a direct quotation)

        在文章正文里,会出现作者、年份、页码等引用的信息。

        栗子:

        There was further evidence to support researchers’views on genetic abnormalities in crops(White,2001,cited in Murray,2007,p.82).

        Scholtz(1990,p.564)has argued that There was further evidence to support researchers’views on genetic abnormalities in crops.

        There was further evidence to support researchers’views on genetic abnormalities in crops outlined by Smith(2009a,p.45)and developed further in his report(2009b,p.23).

        2.Bibliography/References文后的文献

        栗子:

        Caillard,V.(1891)The Songs of Innocence of William Blake set to music.London:Novello,Ewer and Co.

        Kahlo,F.(1931)Frieda and Diego Rivera[Oil on canvas].San Francisco Museum of Modern Art,San Francisco.

        Moody,J.(2000)Illegitimate theatre in London,1770-1840.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.

        Refereces或者Bibliography,列出所有引用的或者对本文写作有影响的文献信息。

       (3)MLA

        MLA不仅仅指引用格式,也包括了学术essay写作的其他格式要求。在MLA格式中,引用主要分为括号形式备注形式的文内引用和文末单列的引用页两种。

        何时引用

        1.当你解释(paraphrase),总结(summarize),提到(mention)某人的想法时,cite it!

        2.当你引用某人的原句时,注意不仅要标注引用,还要用引号标出具体哪些部分是引用的。

        3.当你引用数据、图片、表格、视频、动画等时,cite it!

        4.当你提到一些并非常识的内容时,cite it!

        注:常识是相对于潜在的读者而言的,一般来说对于普罗大众的内容所需要标注的引用比面对专家学者更多。同时,常识也意味着读者可以很快的查到的信息,不仅是在网上随处可见的,更是毫无争议的。因此当你不确定是否要标注引用时,cite it!

        文内引用格式:

        例:Romantic poetry is characterized by the”spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”(Wordsworth 263).或(Said,Edward W.Culture and Imperialism.Knopf,1994.)

        如果作者名字已经在句子中提到,则只在括号内标注页码(如为网站等则不标注)

        例:According to Edward W.Said,imperialism is defined by“the practice,the theory,and the attitudes of a dominating metropolitan center ruling a distant territory”(9).

        文末引用格式:

        字体等格式与总体一致。在第一行中间注明work cited。每个引用条目除首行外缩进半英寸。不需要标号,但需要以字母顺序排列。

        引用条目所罗列的元素原则上多多益善,但是如果有实在没法找到的也可以省略。元素应排列如下:

        作者。文献名称。文献所属上级(container),其他参与者,版本(version),版号(Number),出版商,出版日期,位置(location)。

        例:Work Cited

        Bernstein,Mark.”10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.”A List Apart:For People Who Make Websites,16 Aug.2002

       三、Referencing的其他使用注意

        当老师布置论文或者其他文章时,一般会建议reference的个数。个数和文章的内容和字数有关系,比如一千字的论文,可能会有十个左右的引用。当然引用的个数和论文的深度和难度也有关系。需要注意的是,并不是Reference的个数越多越好。无意义的Reference会使文章失去批判性,而且无论如何转述引用内容,都会增加文章的重复率。

        在写作过程中参考的书目,不一定都引用在论文或文章中,作者可能受到了启发,而且这些书目的阅读也是为了这篇论文或者文章做准备,这样的书目也可以列在referencing中。

        引用的内容可以是直接引用、照搬原句Quotation,也可以转述改写后的引用Citation,转述后的引用仍然算作Reference。英文论文查抄袭率(例如Turnitin软件)的要求非常严格,即使是在引号内的引用内容也会作为重复率的一部分,所以应尽量少用Quotation,当需要大段引用别人的观点时,也一定要用自己的话转述。

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于各种reference写作的讲解,同学们在完成essay写作之后一定要仔细检查引用格式是否正确,不要在这方面丢分!需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!美伦现旗下写手超过400名,海龟硕博占据50%以上,更多写手资源正在火热招募中。美伦以质量为根本,诚信服务,严格执行双重审稿与检测,保证每一篇稿子都是精心原创并符合学科的需求,保障了留学生论文作业的通过率。

留学小白完成essay写作可能会经历哪些步骤

        在各位留学生涯中,Essay写作一定是同学们接触最早也是最多的一种学术论文问题,所以今天Meeloun小编就给同学们分享一下Essay从构思到写作的步骤。

essay写作

        首先是对essay进行问题分析,根据题目我们可以将问题分为Topic、Aspect、Focus/limiting words、Instruction words和Viewpoints/assumptions。

        比如,针对题目To what extent should Western universities change their own culture in order to help international students?

        Topic是Internationalisation in higher education;

        Aspect是Internationally mobile students(IMS)AND western universities;

        limiting words是academic culture shock AND Western unis own adjustment;

        instruction words是What is meant by….To what extent should;.

        viewpoints/assumptions是IMS do experience something called culture shock;Western unis should adjust to some extent(but how much?).

        然后指定论文大纲。分解essay题目问题之后,就需要考虑essay的整体写作结构了。一般情况下,essay分为,introduction,main body和conclusion三部分。在introduction部分,我们需要考虑essay的研究背景、目标以及文章结构;main body则需要考虑回答一些研究问题的可能性思考,考虑可以讨论的有趣点,同时这些点需要通过do researc找到合适的source,而Conclusion部分则主要描述essay的中心论点。之后便可以根据该框架进行内容填充了,通过详细研究,在框架中添加一些细节性的内容。

        最后便是根据详细制定段落了。在此过程中我们可以结合source中找到的样例和证据,放到合适的argument下,然后形成文章的段落结构。除此之外,一定要记得加上正确的reference。需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!

高分Essay写作的前提是掌握大框架

        来到澳洲留学,最重要的一个技能便是学会如何用英文写出一篇学科论文/报告。但对于许多新生来说这还有点困难,不过只要掌握了Essay的基本大纲,不仅能让思路更加清晰简洁,还能帮助写作思考。有了基本的框架,每个部分需要写什么内容便可一目了然,也无需再为essay写作愁白了头发!下面Meeloun小编就给同学们分享一些内容。

essay写作

        Essay也包括了不同的种类,主要的5类即:Expository、Descriptive、Narrative、Compare-&-contrast、Persuasive/Argumentative

        1.Introduction–(占全文字数的10%左右)

        1)CONTEXT:在这一部分,首先你可以扼要概述一个关于课题的背景信息(BACKGROUND),让读者明白你在回答一个什么问题以及为什么这个问题需要被讨论。

        2)POSITION/STATEMENT:此部分,需要提出你的立场\观点(即MAIN ARGUMENT\CONTENTION\THESIS STATEMENT),也就是在回答整篇论文你要解答的问题。

        3)OUTLINE:综合概述这篇文章你将以何种方式去论述,一般包括一个相关案例(CASESTUDY)的具体细节,以及你将在后文中重点描述的分论点。

        2.Body Paragraphs–一般这部分可分为3~4个段落,每个段落的结构基本一致。

        1)TOPIC SENTENCE:提出这个段落涵盖的主要观点。

        2)EXPLANATION:对于观点作出更详细的解释。

        3)EVIDENCE:提供相关文献来支持你提出的观点,可以包括有关数据(STATISTICS)、案例分析(CASE STUDY)、学术文章(ACADEMICARTICLES)等等,注意这部分的参考文献需要注上引用(CITATION,即作者+年份)

        4)COMMENT:赘述一下你所提供的文献优势和局限性。解释你的证据如何支持你的论点

        5)LINK:总结这一段的主要思想,明确这一段是如何支持你的全篇主论点。

        3.Conclusion–(占全文字数的10%)结论的作用就是再次重申观点,与开头呼应。

        1)重述TOPIC和立场(POSITION)

        2)总结几个分论点(SUBPOINTS)

        3)阐述一下还有什么其他问题可以被讨论

        4)对研究课题作出一个预测(PREDICTION)

        4.Reference–(非常重要的一部分,有时可以一锤决定生死)

        这个部分可以说是非常的重要,有时可以一锤决定生死!因为澳洲人对于知识产权的保护意识很强,所以“引用”时如果不加上参考文献或者“抄袭”不进行改写的话,一篇逻辑再清晰的Essay都有可能得到零分!所以这是新生需要学习的一个最重要的知识点。

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的essay写作格式,同学们一定要按照上面的格式去完成,这样最终得分肯定不会太低。需要essay代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!100%原创,高分保障,新客户首单立减5%!

完成补充文书essay写作有哪些技巧

        申请美国留学的同学都知道,除了学术成绩、课外活动、竞赛等,还有一个重要元素——文书。在CA网申系统上,有一篇650字左右的主文书,但许多大学还有自己专属文书,一般1-3篇,也就是补充性文书。补充文书essay写作也有很多讲究。具体的就跟Meeloun小编一起来看看吧!

补充文书essay写作

        主文书的范文、解析、技巧和注意事项,我们已经看过许多,但是补充性文书看起来简单,字数比主文书短,还要展示出自己特质,可谓“字字千金”,要怎么才能写好呢?

        补充文书的重要性不容小觑,既要具有学校特色的存在,也最能反映出申请人的个人特质和与学校的匹配度,什么样的文书才能加强而不是削弱你的申请呢?先以成功申请到塔夫茨大学的Ryan Sheehan补充文书为例,他申请的计算机科学。

        补充文书题目:

        “Let your life speak.”

        Describe the environment in which you were raised–your family,home,neighborhood,or community–and how it influenced the person you are today.

        As the son of two journalists,I have grown up under a lifelong inquisition:How is your room such a mess?Can you please stop chasing the cat?Will you come down from the tree already?Granted,those are all from this past year,but the point still stands.

        Like any good journalists,my parents have also always had a propensity for uncovering the truth.On the third night that I had my license,I decided to go to the library to study.

        Before 15 minutes had passed,I noticed the librarian peering at me through the shelves before quickly averting her eyes and whispering,”He’s here,”into her phone.Even so,regardless of how many spies they’ve hired over the years,I have always looked up to my parents immensely.

        However,I have found my inherited inquisitiveness to be a trait most useful in a place far from the realm of reporting:the robotics lab.After four years of spending almost more time in the lab than at home,I have learned that nothing is more important than asking the right questions.

        As a programmer,I need to be able to communicate with my builders.Come press time,if I don’t interview them properly,our robot will invariably end up as a hunk of unresponsive aluminum.To make a machine,the team must work as one.So although I may be writing source code instead of a breaking story,I am glad I had such nosy parents after all.

        塔夫茨大学招生主任Karen Richardson表示,这篇文书很棒。

        简单250个单词表达了很多东西,既告诉我们Ryan是谁,也能了解到他的家庭、生活、学术兴趣,甚至展示了他的幽默感,文章非常完整、立体。

        每个人都是与众不同,有着独特的经历,文书essay自然也是丰富多样,那么补充文书要怎么写呢?招生官和文书老师给了大家4个通用建议。

         1.Answer the question.

        回答问题——看起来有点啰嗦,但是每一位申请人应确保认真阅读并理解要求。有学生可能将同一篇essay用于不同的大学申请,但是补充性文书只适合某一个学校。

        2.Start with an outline.

        每个人可能有自己的写作习惯,但仍然建议大家先列一个大纲。最好先通过头脑风暴将自己所有想在文书中传达的个人技能、素质、经验都写出来。

        3.Offer something new.

        “补充性”文书——所谓补充,就是给招生官提供更多信息,以进一步说明你为什么适合这所大学?请提供一些新的东西,而不是重复主文书已经覆盖的内容。

        4.Narrow your focus.

        这一点我们尤其注意,很多人犯的最大错误就是“话题”太大,尝试在一个段落中解决一个复杂的政治问题,总是想把握“高大上”的主题,能把小事写好比只浮夸的提大事要好太多。

        最后,申请人要对每一篇文书进行仔细推敲,因此会花非常多时间,所以大家一定要合理安排时间。在6-7月就要确定文书主题,头脑风暴并挖掘细节,最好完成初稿,而8-9月则进一步完善主文书和补充文书!

        以上就是Meeloun小编关于补充文书essay写作的分析,对于文书essay写作有疑问的同学可以扫描右边的二维码哦!你只需动动鼠标,或者动动拇指,就能轻松解决各种留学的难题。留学咨询、留学申请、留学文书、材料翻译,我们的服务都是全年无休的,品质和效率都能满足您的需求。

Essay主题一般受哪些主要因素影响?

        在跳进一个充满原因和效果论文的好的essay主题的游泳池之前,有必要了解学术任务是关于什么的。从本质上讲,这是一种写作形式,其中作者提出不同行为,事件,决定或其他事情发生的原因,以及其后果。像火灾是房屋燃烧和人死亡的原因。同时,它也是生命之源。本文提供了一些伟大的因果论文主题列表,分为几个热门类别,以便更容易地找到您需要的内容。

essay写作技巧分享

        一、什么是因果短文?

        我们将简要地定义因果关系给你一个总体的想法。这是一种学术写作,它解释了各种物体,人物和事件相互关联的方式及其特点。

        最好的因果论文主题遵循逻辑模式。这意味着学生应该决定论文的主题和大纲以赶上教师的最后期限。这样写作的主要目的是展示一件事或事件如何成为另一件事并列出结果。

        这种类型的纸张可以以两种方式组织:

        时间顺序:这种格式解释了什么行为,事件,决定等导致了某些后果。

        反向时间顺序:这种风格需要从后果开始,并结束导致这些后果的事情(事件,决定,行动等)。

        二、如何撰写因果散文?

        在撰写论文时,因果报告通常以5段式essay格式编写。它要求学生对来源进行全面评估,并展示他们对该主题的认识,并在写作中运用他们的批判性思维和分析能力。选择与研究对象相关的因果论文思路。这个想法应该是有趣和最新的:最好坚持使用不超过5年的来源。

        收集必要的证据来支持论文的论点。使用书籍,电子书,报纸,期刊,杂志,学术文章,网站等资源。避免使用维基百科或Quora等开源平台。

        创建一个Hook

        为了让观众在观看开场白之后能够继续阅读,我们必须尽可能发挥创造力,同时发展一个钩子。砰的一声打开你的文章!首先引用一位名人的名言,文学引用,隐喻,明喻,轶事,笑话,事实,统计,寓言等。应用不同的转换来显示文本的逻辑流程。

        过渡词/短语有助于将每个新段落的开头句子与前面章节的结尾句子连接起来。那些是:因此,否则,如上所述,等等。坚持最新版格式指南的指导原则。包括引证来证明个人论点,但不要忘记根据MLA,APA,哈佛或其他格式引用和引用它们。需要essay代写服务的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们Meeloun的客服哦!

美国高分essay代写范文:Cultural tourism

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Cultural tourism,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了文化旅游。随着文化旅游的发展,世界各地的游客越来越多地追求独特的文化体验。因此,旅游目的地、旅游规划、规划部门不断开发新的旅游景点和项目,增加游客的体验,提高游客体验的质量。目前,在旅游目的地开发过程中,将旅游目的地和当地居民的文化和日常生活进行包装,打造旅游景点和消费旅游产品。旅游业也出现了类似的做法,但同时也出现了一些问题。在旅游发展的过程中,人们越来越关注文化遗产的真实性丧失和商业化,由此衍生出各种关于游客注视和伪事件的理论。

essay代写范文

        文化旅游的发展,使世界各地的旅游者对独特文化体验的追求越来越高。因此,旅游目的地、旅游规划、规划部门不断开发新的旅游景点和项目,增加游客体验,提高游客体验质量。目前,在旅游目的地开发过程中,将旅游目的地和当地居民的文化和日常生活进行包装,形成旅游景点和消费性旅游产品。旅游业也出现了类似的做法,但同时也出现了一些问题。在旅游开发过程中,人们越来越关注文化遗产的真实性丧失和过度商业化,由此产生了旅游者注视和伪事件的各种理论。真实性与商业化的平衡成为世界各地旅游规划者关注的焦点,相关的理论探索是进一步完善的必要条件。因此,本文拟对文化旅游进行进一步的研究和分析,并得出相关的理论依据,为今后的发展提供理论依据。

The development of cultural tourism has led to the increasing pursuit of unique cultural experiences by tourists around the globe. Therefore, tourism destinations, tourism planning, and planning departments are constantly developing new tourist attractions and projects, increasing the experience of tourists and improving the quality of tourists’ experiences. At present, during the development of tourist destinations, the culture and daily life of tourist destinations and local residents are packaged to create tourist attractions and consumer travel products. Similar practices have emerged in tourism, but there are also problems that occur at the same time. In the process of tourism development, various theories of tourists’ gaze and pseudo-events are derived from the increasing concerns over the loss of authenticity and over commercialization of cultural heritages. The key to balancing authenticity with commercialization becomes a concern for tourism planners all over the world, and relevant theoretical explorations are necessary for further improvement. Therefore, this paper intends to carry out further research and analysis on cultural tourism, and draw the relevant theoretical basis to provide theoretical basis for future tourism practices.

The focus of this article is to answer the following questions: How will the authenticity of tourism experience by influenced by tourists’ gaze? How does cultural tourism contribute to strengthening national identity and protecting local heritage sites? These questions will be answered through the case analyses of two famous tourist destination countries, Ireland and Singapore. The case analyses show that under tourists’ gaze, culture becomes less functional and more consumable. Authenticity of cultural tourism may not be necessarily diminished due to tourists’ gaze. Instead, the combination of cultural tourism with political needs will contribute to both the authenticity of the tourism experience and the sustainability of local culture and national identity.

I will eat two meals a day, one in the morning and the other in the evening. In the first meal, I will boil some pottage with everything left the day before such as oats, peas, beans, lentils, nuts, onion, carrot and cabbage. To be exact, it is a mixed stew. There is no salt at all. Therefore this meal is no flavor at all because it is neither salty nor sweet. I just eat it to make my stomach full and not to feel hungry. Compared with the morning meal, the evening meal sounds better because I can fry some dishes with butter and some herbs picked from the mountain to make the dishes more delicious. The evening staple is bread which is dark and coarse like a piece of black brick. As the important ingredients of my dishes, I fry some peas, beans and lentils. Luckily I have some low-alcohol ale to help me swallow the big piece of bread down. I also have some cheese to spread on the bread to make it taste good. Generally speaking, these two meals do not meet my standards no matter from the quality or the quantity. The medieval peasant meal is quite different from the current diet which I usually have at least three meals a day, sometimes a brunch and afternoon tea and midnight snack including some fruits and refreshments. The great variety of delicious foods in the restaurant are a feast for the eyes. I can eat anything I want needless to consider delicacies from land and sea or seasonal or local. Moreover I always have a good appetite including some eggs, bacon, sausages, fish, pork, beef and mutton because the current meal has a wonderful seasoning including some chili, ketchup, salt, sugar, pepper, sauce, cream and mustard. Imagining the feast prepared by these amazing condiments can make your mouth water if you do not care the calories in these dishes.

But after my experience of eating the medieval peasant meal for one day, I think I will change my current lifestyle and attitude toward food in some degree because my everyday diet is less healthy with much more calories. If I do not change my lifestyle, I think I will getting much fatter and fall ill in the future. Therefore I think occasionally maybe once or twice a week eating the medieval peasant meal is good for my health.Based on the determination made by the company to reduce the depreciable lives to match the cost of the fixed assets with the revenue produce, Hyde company has a Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) required change in account estimate. In order to conform with GAAP, Hyde company is required to make various assumptions and estimates that affect all aspects of financial reporting and as actual information is presented could have a change of accounting estimate. Under GAAP, Hyde company must account for a change in accounting estimate in the period of change and future periods if they are affected (Wahlen, Jones & Pagach, 2015). This means that the company does not need to perform a retrospective adjustment on a previously reported period rather the adjustment to reduce the depreciable lives of the assets will be a prospective revision recorded beginning in the period of the change in accounting estimate.

Hyde company will also need to disclose the revised amounts in the notes to its financial statements on how the change impacts income from continuing operations, net income and related earnings per share (Bragg, 2018). It’s important for the company to understand on the depreciable lives reduction will impact these items. The depreciation expense will increase over the reduced period which will have a direct negative effect on income from continuing operations, net income and earnings per share, however depreciation is added back for cash flow purposes. In order for the company to determine the effect of reducing the depreciable lives, Hyde company will need to calculate the revised periodic depreciation expense. At the beginning of the period of change, Hyde company will take the remaining book value of the assets less the salvage value and divide it by the new remaining depreciable life (Jan, 2013). Hyde company will then take the adjusted depreciation expense per period and debit depreciation expense and credit accumulated depreciation. The change of accounting estimate should also be disclosed in the financial statement notes to provide the amount of change and clarity to the company policy change if the useful life revision materially decreases the reported net income. The company should describe the revision in the footnotes to their financial statements to ensure shareholders and potential investors understand the financial impact of the change.

留学生如何做到高效查找文献?

        就一般日常essay写作而言,高效查找文献,最重要的不是有什么独家网站,重要技能。最重要的是缩小范围。毕竟google scholar在,难的是查找资源吗?难的是如何查找到需要的文献资料,难的是如何在海量的文献中,高效筛选出所需的权威有用的文献。这才是我们最需要掌握的高效秘诀。所以,Meeloun小编此次就专门来讲讲,留学生需要找什么样的文献?怎么高效查找文献

高效查找文献技巧

        首先咱要明确下,到底要做到什么一个程度?

        在日常写作中,同学们的学术写作要求要达到什么水平呢?不至于是要突破性创造到以至于能进行期刊发表,对于日常的学术写作,主要还是结合相关文献,展现自己对相关领域的学习了解以及看法。

        Assignment主要是让你能证明,你的确有好好学习课程资料并且有着自己看法和思考。Assignments usually ask you to demonstrate that you have immersed yourself in the course material and that you’ve done some thinking on your own

        而关于原创方面,“自己的见解”是最重要的。所以,针对于这类的日常Essay,文献检索也就相对轻松简单了。文献检索的范围也是更加贴合教材为主。

        什么样的参考文献不能选?维基百科请放弃掉

        此外还要说下,关于维基百科的注意事项,一般英文维基的水平是可以与优秀的硕士论文媲美,各个词条引用的文献都会相对权威,但维基并不是学术文献,就论文学术的严谨性而言,不符合规范的。

        所以,维基仅适合用作学习了解的参考资料,你可以通过维基以及下方列出的各类参考文献,去拓展了解更多,但,不建议你直接引用维基。

        除此之外,像一些公开课,科普性文章,论坛专业讨论,甚至是网络流行语,国内的百度百科之类,光想想就知道这些内容出现在reference会有多囧了。(别干这种傻事啊)

        不是什么都可以用作参考文献,学术写作引用文章最好也是学术文献。如果不确定什么是学术文献,google scholar你值得拥有!

        这又要拓展一个要点了,国外学术写作的严谨性是非常高的。也就是对论文抄袭是看的非常重的。无论是否是自己的话进行概述,都要注明来源。

        不然,被查出来,判定为学术不端,那就是可以严重到被清退的重大事件了。请一定要谨慎对待,每一个非原创内容。

        对于一般的essay而言,找什么样的文献最好呢?

        要找难度以及范围贴合所学的文献,这里重点说三点:

        1、reading list

        别小看老师给的reading list,这相当于老师给你画的考试范围,很多题目都是出自这里。找文献,第一步就是先看reading list,把重要内容吃的透透的。

        想想之前说的,老师布置Essay的最大目的是啥?是为了检验你的知识掌握程度!难道他是指望才开始接触学术写作的学生能一下有什么突破性进展吗?nonono,别把Essay写作看的太难,也别一想到学术写作就过于严阵以待。

        同学们所要做的重点是给老师他们想看的东西。也就是把你对这些文献阅读的理解和看法拿出来。而不是漫无边际似懂非懂不知所云。这点可是很重要的哦。

        2、导师的著作

        论“讨巧”——还有比引用,学习研究导师著作更不着痕迹的夸人方式吗?(好吧,也许并不算是不着痕迹。)只要招式好,哪怕招式老!

        导师也会按照自己的擅长范围进行出题,也就是查找导师的文献著作,找到可用文献的概率会更大,在此基础上的理解和概述也会更加贴合导师心意。

        就是要注意一点,不要不切合的就乱往上凑。还有引发额外关注,就意味着更认真的检查,如果不确定自己掌握到位,这一招还是慎用哦!

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于高效率查找文献的方法,同学们赶紧收藏吧!需要essay代写等服务的同学也可以联系我们哦!美伦现旗下写手超过400名,海龟硕博占据50%以上,更多写手资源正在火热招募中。美伦以质量为根本,诚信服务,严格执行双重审稿与检测,保证每一篇稿子都是精心原创并符合学科的需求,保障了留学生论文作业的通过率。

高分essay代写范文:Aboriginal Australian visual culture

        下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Aboriginal Australian visual culture供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了澳洲原住民视觉文化。视觉文化一般是指一系列的视觉图像传达的信息,通过各种绘画等视觉技术意义和情感。视觉文化在古代更多的是关于绘画和雕刻。澳洲原住民视觉文化是澳洲原住民创造的一系列文化影像,记录他们的日常生活,环境的变迁,以及他们的宗教信仰。通过视觉文化,我们可以更好地了解他们生活中的变化。

essay写作范文

        I think that aboriginal Australian visual culture is a range of cultural images created by aboriginal Australian to record their daily life, the change of their environment and their religion named dreamtime. Rock art is an important part of their visual culture. There are different kinds of rock imagery for different cultural expression, such as X-ray imagery and bark imagery. The X-ray art is a form of painting with anatomical features (Patel, 35), which shows the aboriginal Australians’ interest in science. Visual culture is also a direct reflection of new changes in aboriginal Australians’ life. For example, contact rock art records their contact with the outside world. New objects like ships and knives were painted on rocks when the natives had contact with the new arrivals. Through the rock art, we can have a better understanding of the changes in their lives.

        Visual culture in general refers to a series of visual images conveying information, meaning and emotion through various visual technologies such as paintings (Mirzoeff, 3). Visual culture in the ancient times is more about paintings and engravings, while in the modern times, visual culture has new forms like television and movies.

        Reference:

        Mirzoeff, Nicholas. “What is Visual Culture?”

        Patel, Samir. “Reading the rocks: Aboriginal Australia’s Painted History.” Archaeology. 2011. pp. 32-38.

        Comment on Alissa B Essign

        Excellent work! I like your writing about the origin and of aboriginal Australian visual culture the role of visual culture in their daily life. I totally agree with you that visual culture reflects aboriginal Australians’ life and their beliefs. The visual art they create is based on what they feel and what they believe.

Monash期末考试复习攻略

        很多留学新生在国外的第一个期末都过的惨不忍睹,不仅有各种essay写作需要完成,还有考试需要去准备。今天Meeloun小编将根据自己在Monash学习多年的经验和大家分享一下Monash期末考试高效复习心得。特别适合刚来到Monash还没有掌握复习套路的小伙伴们!一起来看看吧!

Monash期末复习技巧

        江湖传闻(老师说)复习的越充分,考试的得分就越高。但是这是个伪命题,你永远不可能复习的足够充分,因为你会记住后面忘了前边(不小心说了实话)。本文的重点来了:教你如何高效复习!

        二轮复习法

        有同学可能要问了,我一轮都复习不完,是不是就要放弃了。。。不,那是你方法错了!下面干货开始:

        第一轮:全面掌握

        准备工作:全12周PPT讲义,全12周Assignment要求,全12周lab练习题,往届考试卷(IT部分复习资料加入林肯期末冲刺群领取)

        目标:尽可能快的(不求甚解/不用背诵)浏览全部PPT,目的是找出Assignment考过的知识点,lab练习题的知识点。这样基本能筛选出只有全部内容五分之一的高频考点,然后和往届的考试卷对比,如果达到了80%覆盖率,证明筛选成功。

        Tips:

        1.切记不要拿往届试题去找知识点,有点节操的professor每年的考点侧重不会一样

        2.看PPT时候回忆上课lecturer讲每页PPT的时间。如果哪页PPT讲了10min以上,高频;如果30min以上,必考。

        3.如果回忆不了,请联系学霸同学划重点(抱大腿),或者场外求助(可以联系我们Meeloun)

        第二轮:重点巩固

        准备工作:整理筛选出的高频知识点。

        目标:高效的掌握这些知识点

        此轮复习建议先易后难(要是某些童鞋喜欢先难后易也行,就怕死在难题上,就没有之后了,放弃又影响士气)。因为是高频知识点复习,所以攻克一个便能举一反三,为后面的复习建立信心。另外,一定要学会取舍,放弃占用大块时间才能记住并且分值很低的知识点。有一点一定要清楚,复习的时候最金贵的就是时间,学不会==浪费时间,效率低==浪费时间。

        HD=高效复习*必要时间

        本方法只能提升效率,但是时间是不能节省的,下面介绍几个帮助同学们坚持复习的方法:

        Tip1:加入每日打卡群,早中晚,特别是复习前和复习之后,打卡今日学习时间,复习内容(因为是第一个学期,不好把握自己的复习进度,强烈建议把每天的复习进度记录到手机记事本里,下学期你还要用的)

        Tip2:制定一个全面的复习计划,把每天分成三部分(上午/下午,下午/晚上,晚上/后半夜),每个阶段都设定目标,例如早上要浏览9131 week1~week3复习资料,下午要看9134 week1~week3 lab讲义……结合考试时间把每日的工作计划确定,好的开始是成功的一半,这就算一个好的开始了。

        Tip3:留出容错时间,比如每两天留出一个下午/晚上,检查这两天的复习成果,或者候补之前两天未完成的任务。毕竟你不了解自己的复习进度,复习超时是很正常的。

        Tip4:计划内一定要有休息时间,毕竟身体是革命的本钱,但是也不能过度放纵式的休息,比如吃鸡/LOL,否则你考试前大概就会知道墨尔本凌晨5点的样子了。

        Tip5:每科考完就不要想了,赶紧准备下一科,毕竟耽搁下去可能就要再给monash交一份盖楼捐款了。

        复习核心,复习核心,复习核心!重要的事情说三遍!以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于莫纳什期末复习方法了,希望能够帮助同学们!

关于Film&Media专业留学生想知道什么?

        去年此刻,刚刚选完Film&Media major的小编分享了一篇大一课程学习的心得。一年过去,Film&Media departement在2019年正式成立了Screen Cultures and Curatorial Studies的MA和PhD学位项目。这篇文章分享的是Film&Media(因为课程代码是film,以下皆简称为film)第二年体验的update,希望对想要选择Film专业的同学们有些帮助。下面就跟Meeloun小编一起来看看吧!

        01.Why Film&Media?

        Film&Media是一门有趣的学科。Film学习的不仅仅是电影和影视行业本身,也包括社会艺术文化背景、图像及媒体运用和影响等有深度和广度的内容。Film的200及以上level课程主要分为production和theory两种类型,production的课程在学期末通常需要以个人或小组形式完成project,theory的课程则是以写essay为主。

        除必修课film250在秋季学期有期末考试以外,Film的其他课程基本没有final exam。常见的评分考核项目通常包括attendance+participation课堂参与、essay论文(通常一门课会有两到三篇,字数不等;production的课程会要写proposal/treatment)、peer review同行评审(常见于production课程)、film project电影制作、quiz测试、presentation演讲等。所以尽管没有期末考试,final week还是要在赶无穷无尽的due中掉发度过。

        另外,江湖上传言film没有早八和周五的课是假的,只是早八和周五安排的课程较少。但江湖上另有传言film的楼Isabel很美是真的。

        02.Film&Media requirements

        想要在大二成功申请进入film专业,需在大一上Film110这门课并且取得B+及以上的成绩,另外总GPA要求2.8及以上。

        03.Film&Media courses

        Film110:大一全年必修课。入门课程,上半学期作业以essay为主,下半学期需要以小组形式完成一个digital story的project,也就是拍一个五分钟左右的电影。每周一晚上6:30-9:30的lecture,会先介绍主题再放电影。一学年共有四个教授,全年每周都有quiz,难度根据教授不同有变化(认真看reading+记lecture!)。

        Film250:大二全年必修课(2019年5月后入学的同学增加了两节200level的必修课程)。以电影制作教学为主,有lecture和lab,上半学期重点是培养基本的制作能力,比如使用摄像机/lighting/使用final cut pro/制作sound等等,同时不定期投放小组和个人作业(今年小组作业要求是拍摄短片需包含若干种镜头如tracking/panning/handheld/zoom等,同时考量technical quality/aesthetics/editing等;个人作业是需要只用closeup和extreme closeup完成拍摄)。下半学期的重点是完成winter project,在给的不同theme中选一个和lab的同学自由组队、分配角色任务完成作业。

        04.How is Film&Media?

        Film并不像“不就是拍电影看电影嘛”那么简单,所谓好玩的production每学期可以上的课程数是有限制的,其他课程还是有很多reading并常常需要你长期积累然后挖空自己的脑袋写essay或是script。就算是production,谁没有在editing room一呆就是七八个小时剪片到要瞎的体验呢。所以,Film不是一个轻松的学科,但如果你有兴趣、有灵感、有想法,它绝不会让你失望。

        Film的评分是比较主观的,尤其是production的课程。如果想拿好成绩最好多听听Prof、TA还有你的大神同学们的意见。但Film并不是一个压分的院系,和arts的其他专业在grade distribution上相差不大,有个别课程得A及以上的比例甚至更高一些。

        就个人体验而言,Film学生和老师之间的关系很融洽,很多prof都有现场拍摄的经验,也非常乐意分享给同学。不少同学的project里也会出现各种prof(还有Cam!)客串,总之是很温馨的一个department。

        最后,如果对film有兴趣但不想作为major学习,也可以考虑minor或者media certificate,或者只是选修film110体验一下拍电影的乐趣也是一个不错的选择喔!

Research Proposal代写中常见的扣分原因分析

        很多留学生在写research proposal的时候觉得很痛苦,不知道怎么去写才好。并且感觉写的不错,莫名其妙的就被各种扣分。今天Meeloun小编就分享一些research proposal代写过程中常见的扣分原因,同学们可以对症下药!

        1.很少写proposal的学生,压根儿不明白这是啥东西,大部分情况是拿到一些sample来进行生搬硬套,结果引来导师的一大波吐槽,因为写出来的不符合research topic设定。初期只有找专业的代写才能解决所有问题。

        2.经常碰到学生说,不会用和不想用定量数据分析的方法可不可以,就通过refer to existing literature来分析,虽然literary research也是一种研究方法,但是它很容易被学生用错成对references的简单描述,总结和归纳。

        3.痛苦的一大根源是不了解research philosophy,research approach,research instrument等这些概念的内涵,就算理解了,不知道如果在自己的研究中进行实际作用,建议平时都多读点相关文献,以及它们实际应用到的dissertation.

        4.research proposal设计不合理,有个是因为没有去解剖topic,根本不明白目前自变量是什么,因变量又是什么,以及自己要test的是什么,不搞清楚这些,结果可能就是写出来一团浆糊。

        5.research proposal paper写作和平时要求写的paper最大的不同在于,前者是根据目前所有的资源来设计一个研究方案,方案涉及很多细节,每一步怎么做,每一个难题怎么解决,以保证研究顺利进行。而essay/paper就是直接开写,拿到topic就开始看文献,构思,动笔,是直接进行分析,不是设计和计划。

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于research proposal被扣分的几种情况,希望上面包含了同学们常犯的错误并且能够帮助同学们解决相关的问题。需要research proposal代写的同学可以扫描右边的二维码联系我们的客服哦!

Common App中的Personal Essay怎么写

        你知道通用申请吗?

        通用申请(Common Application),简称Common App,一个用于申请美国517所高等院校(包括47个州和华盛顿特区)、奥地利、法国、德国、意大利、瑞士、英国等海外国家以及中国大陆部分中外合作高校的应用网站。

        除了客观的分数和学校排名因素以外,它还有其他主观因素被纳入考量,例如文书(personal essay),推荐信(recommendation),课外活动(extracurriculiar activities),等等。其中personal essay是至关重要的一环。

        本期Meeloun便与大家分享七个essay prompts中的第一个

        Option#1

        Some students have a background,identity,interest,or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it.

        “Identity”是本题的关键字。

        无论是背景也好,兴趣爱好也罢,都是让你之所以是“你”的理由。所以,选择了这个话题,你可以通过一个或者是一系列的事件来阐述你的uniqueness。而事件的选择,应把重点放在解释“meaningful”上。

        Sample Essay

        Wallflower

        I wasn’t unfamiliar with the word.It was something I remembered hearing since I was able to grasp the fine art of polysyllabic language.Of course,in my experience,it had always been subtly laced with negativity.They told me that it wasn’t something I was supposed to be.They told me to socialize more—okay,maybe they had a point there—but to open up to strangers I didn’t know from Adam?Apparently,yes,that was exactly what I was to do.I had to’put myself out there,’or something.They told me I couldn’t be a wallflower.Wallflower was unnatural.Wallflower was wrong.So my impressionable younger self tried her best not to see the inherent beauty in the word.I wasn’t supposed to see it;no one else did.I was terrified to recognize its rightness.And that was where Charlie came in.

        The Writing:从复杂短语“the fine art of polysyllabic language“到“I understood him.I was him.He was me”三个主谓宾的简单串联,可以一窥作者对英语的掌控力。

        Before I get any further,I feel obligated to mention that Charlie is not real.I question whether that makes a difference—it shouldn’t,really.Fictional,factual,or seven-dimensional,his influence in my life is indisputable.But,to give credit where credit is overwhelmingly due,he comes from the brilliant mind of Stephen Chbosky,from the universe of his novel,The Perks of Being a Wallflower.In a series of anonymous letters to an unknown friend,Charlie tells his story of life,love,and high school:of skirting the fringes of life and of learning to make the leap.And from the first sentences,I was drawn to Charlie.I understood him.I was him.He was me.I felt acutely his fears of entering high school,his just-barely-perceptible separation from the rest of the student body,because these fears were mine as well

        The Tone:虽然作者自称“壁花少女”,但通读全文,明显感到这篇文章出自一个正能量的“元气少女”。文章主题严肃,但字体行间却透着诙谐与幽默,作者完美地平衡了戏谑与说理。若要说不足,便是语言有时过于抽象。比如,“beauty”一词多次出现,但并没有被清楚地定义。

        What I didn’t have,the singular distinction between this character and myself,was his vision.Even from the very beginning,Charlie’s innocence and naivetégave him an unparalleled ability to see beauty in everything and to acknowledge it without hesitation exactly as I’d longed to allow myself to do.I had been scared to be the only one to value being a wallflower.But with Charlie came the promise that I wasn’t alone.

        When I saw that he could see what I wanted to see,I suddenly found that I could see it,too.He showed me that the true beauty in being a wallflower was the ability to acknowledge freely that beauty,to embrace it for everything it was while still managing to’put myself out there’on a level I hadn’t thought myself capable.Charlie taught me not conformity,but the honest,open expression of myself,free from the vise-like fear of being judged by my peers.He told me that sometimes,they were wrong.Sometimes,it was okay to be a wallflower.Wallflower was beautiful.Wallflower was right.

        And for that,Charlie,I am forever in your debt.

        The Topic:光是瞄一眼题目就足以让读者对文章期待满满。老实说,选择一个不走寻常路的题目是冒险且需要勇气的,尤其是在众多申请者绞尽脑汁编出一些“丰碑性”的事件的大背景下,本文的题目及立意尤为讨喜。

Essay写作如何巧拿高分?

        很多留学生在essay写作中得分都有点不尽人意,明明自己已经很努力的完成作业了,各种查资料、想论点、做proofreading,换来的结果可能只是在fail的边缘。那么同学们要怎么才能有效提分呢?下面Meeloun小编就给同学们分享一些essay写作技巧

essay写作技巧分享

        Format 格式问题

        关于格式就要牵扯出如何正确地写好citation、reference list

        这些在你们的workbook上都有详细的格式标准和要求,千万不要自己想当然……(小编去年就因为天真地把in text citation的句点位置搞错,导致格式就全错了,虽然最后大一上的EAP还没那么严格没有扣分……但到了下学期的report中,这些格式问题也是有5分的,所以一定要多加注意。正确的格式应该是:“……(Richard,2013).”省略号的内容即为你paraphrase的部分。

        除了workbook,还有两项指导来源:一是来自lecture上的PPT,二是来自ice上的Harvard Referencing System的PDF文件(个人觉得最后一个是最权威并且最详细的)reference list相对复杂一点,不同体裁的source所用格式也不一样,像book的source就比较复杂,涉及出版地点、具体页数等信息。

        最后不要忘了reference list要按照第一个词的字母顺序进行排序。

        Academic 学术问题

        这里不仅仅指的是语法要过关,更重要的是你在文章中所用的单词、短语等都要达到“academic”的标准(比如学术写作中,用第一人称we或者I来叙述句子是不合适的,还有像good,people,something这些概念模糊的词语也是不适宜出现在文章里的)

        关于Academic的问题,这是大学论文的一个特点,和高中惯用的套路是不同的。(举例来说,像“with the development of technology”“practice makes perfect”这些在高中看似能给自己的作文“加分”的短语,在学术写作中是减分项,并且是很忌讳的)

        因此学弟学妹们首先最好调整心态,正视这种写作模式,就不会出现觉得tutor讲得云里雾里,自己也搞不懂论文的中心点在哪里的情况了。

        Logistic 逻辑问题

        个人认为这一点是评判一篇essay能否上70的最重要的一个因素,尤其是学术写作,是非常注重逻辑和思维的连贯性的。

        比如在写cause and effect essay的时候,首先要明确描述的对象,就以“压力对学生的影响”为例,压力和学生自然就是分析的对象。这里涉及到的一个逻辑就是,先要论述压力是如何产生的(cause),其次才能进一步讨论它的积极/消极影响(effect)以及,这种影响理应是多方面的,生理,心理等,这些都可以作为切入点进行写作。

        至于ABC班的上学期essay,主要是关于problem和solution的,source的资料一般tutor会统一提供,不用自己再去寻找,并且字数也会少一些,大概600-800的样子。但是关于上述的三大难点,也还是同样适用的!

        所以也不能掉以轻心。而到了下学期,会接触到comparison essay,工管的宝宝们通常会写两个公司的比较,通过自己找source,分析公司的所作所为,从而判断哪个公司在某方面(譬如保护环境)做得更好。

        关于词汇选用与搭配

        很多新生可能很疑惑,刚开始接触到academic essay,根本不知道哪些词academic哪些词不academic。在此,小编向大家说明一下,16届workbook最后几页是有一个word list的,并且在这一堆单词的后面有1-9这样的数字。去年第一节EAP课时tutor就会告诉大家,这些数字代表着academic的程度,譬如如果一个词标“1”,那么它应该是在academic essay中经常出现的,以此类推。

高分essay代写范文:尼日利亚的教育问题

        下面Meeloun小编为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Improvement in Education Is Needed for Nigeria’s Development,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了尼日利亚的教育问题。目前,尼日利亚面临的许多挑战中,促进其国家发展最重要的是改进教育制度,因为教育是决定未来一代如何生活的根本因素。而尼日利亚的教育问题根源在于其入学率非常低,广泛的贫困、政治不稳定、庞大的童工市场、文化原因以及严重的性别歧视等原因是导致其问题的关键。

高分essay代写范文

        Introduction 介绍

        1960年独立后,尼日利亚一直在政治动荡和经济问题中挣扎。尼日利亚政府必须面对许多历史和新问题,例如石油经济的改革、处理种族和宗教紧张局势以及发展民主(CIA)。然而,从人民的角度来看,在尼日利亚目前面临的诸多挑战中,促进国家发展最重要的是完善教育体系,因为教育是年轻人/未来一代人的根本决定因素。总的来说,当一个国家年纪较大时,就会在社会中发挥作用,因此,这是一个国家能够为其未来做出的最直接的投资,在社会的所有领域都会产生严重的后果。

        After it independence in 1960, Nigeria has been struggling in political turbulence and economic problems. There are many historical and new issues that the Nigerian government has to face, such as the reforming of the petroleum-based economy, dealing with the ethnic and religious tensions, and developing democracy (CIA). However, from the people’s perspective, among the many challenges Nigeria is currently facing, the most important to furthering its national development is to improve the education system, since education is the fundamental determinant of how the young/future generation. In general, will perform in society when they are older, and therefore is the most direct investment that a country can make for its future, with serious consequences in all realms of society.

        Low School Enrollment in Nigeria

        The most fundamental issue facing the Nigerian education system is the low enrollment rate of children in primary schools. In Nigeria, 40% of children aged six to eleven do not attend primary school, and this proportion can be considerably higher in the impoverished inland north. 30% of students have not completed their primary school education, and only 54% of them successfully matriculate into the country’s middle schools (Unicef). This low rate of education among the youth dramatically reduces the job options for the younger generation, resulting in low utilization rate of human capital and limiting the overall development of Nigeria.

        A major concern is the gender gap. Compared to the boys, Nigerian girls are less likely to attend school. The causes are complex but roughly include four aspects: cultural barriers, family financial difficulties, child labor market, and early marriage. Cultural and religious norms have limited the role of women in Nigeria. Most parents of girls are more willing to only send their children to Qur’anic schools (Unicef). Even for those who managed to enroll in secular schools, 30% of them might drop out. Early marriage is another issue that keeps the girls from being educated, and poverty is another reason. The cost of education is a heavy burden for some poor families because they cannot afford the tuition, books, materials, transportation, and other costs of educating their child, and the state provides very limited assistance. The cost of indirect education for girls is also seen as higher than boys, and this is also linked to the issue of child labor. In Nigeria, child labor is a necessary income stream for poor households (Unicef). Girls working as child laborers not only save on the cost of direct education, they could also help with housework, take care of siblings, and also provide cheap, productive labor and make additional income for the family. Early marriage is also more of a problem for girls than boys. Once the girls get married, they inevitably have children, and the chance for them to continue their education drops to a much lower level than before.

        The low education level of the country’s women deeply affects Nigeria’s national prosperity. As these women become poorly educated laborers for life, they can only pursue entry-level jobs. What is worse, the fertility rate remains high in poor households, continuing the low-income developmental trap (Sachs, 2005). Having six or seven children leaves the women no choice but to play the role of homemaker and exclusively focus on parenting, plus her lack of education makes her less competitive in the job market. Education will bring many social achievements and economic benefits, but the lack of female education in Nigeria deprived them of the opportunity to participate in the future economic development of the country. This situation forms a negative cycle for the women of Nigeria and it is leaving half the population with an inability to contribute to the development of the country or of themselves.

        Balancing Increased Enrollment With Quality Improvements

        Not only should we be concerned about whether the children, and how many of them, are attending school in Nigeria, but we should also pay attention to the quality of education in the country, which, also sorely needs to be improved. The government has launched policies to improve the education quality of Nigeria, such as the Universal Basic Education Scheme in 1999, and has emphasized the improvement of teaching quality, assessment, and teacher training as the priorities (Majo, 2000). However, as current statistics show, improvements have been quite limited. The general direction of development seems to be correct (Sen, 1988), but the biggest challenge facing education is still financial support and funding.

        First of all, the number of schools in Nigeria, as well as the number of facilities and employees/teachers of these institutions, is not proportionally equivalent to the number of school age children. This makes it hard to improve the quality and efficiency of the education system. Statistics show that, on average, 600 of primary school students in Nigeria have to share a single toilet. Most schools in rural areas also lack water, electricity, and other basic resources. As for the number of schools, there were about 54,000 public primary schools in 2009 (Abuja). From a numeric perspective, this seems sufficient, but disparities in quality are extreme and highly unsatisfactory. Another problem is that the entire northern part of the country is experiencing a low-level civil war as the Boko Haram conducts its insurgency. This does not help to secure the budget to improve the education system. A lack of qualified teachers is another issue.

        The education system could be largely improved by securing an amount of funding that is decent enough to support the educational institutions. While many governments have policies for free and compulsory education, however, most developing countries are unable to maintain comprehensive free education, such as Nigeria. And non-free education will cause the problem of poor households being unable to afford the children education. As a recession economy, it is difficult for Nigeria to guarantee free education for the people. Moreover, experience around the world show that free education is only a slogan unless parents, people, or governments have economic capacity. Nigeria could therefore consider the establishment of a program that directly or indirectly raises funds for its national education system (Adeyemi, 2011). However, in the implementation of the program, it is necessary to pay attention to corruption. The gap between rich and poor in many poor countries is relatively large, and given the lack of government regulation, corruption continues to breed. It is important to pay attention to the future of the country through the education program.

        Child Labor Market’s Effect on Education System

        Another factor that decreases the number of children attending schools is that the Nigerian labor market soaks up a large number of school age children (of both genders) to work as they are not supposed to. In Nigeria, there are approximately 15 million children under 14 years old who have become laborers, doing unwanted jobs that could potentially harm their physical and mental health. Although Nigeria passed a Child’s Rights Law in 2003, not all 36 states had accepted it. The process of taking the law in each state is still ongoing; meanwhile, child labor is still very common in the north (Kure, 2013).

        This situation is difficult to be change, or at least to be seriously improved, and poverty is the most obvious reason for the short- term because the child laborers’ incomes have become necessary for their families. Without that portion of money, the chance of the children to get future education would be even lower because of poverty. Lack of education is also a primary cause of child labor in Nigeria. “Where between 60% – 70% of child labor is prevalent, do not posses adequate school facilities. Even when schools are sometimes available, they are too far away, difficult to reach, unaffordable, or the quality of education is so poor that parents wonder if going to school is really worth it.” (Nwazuoke & Igwe, 2016). Other reasons for non-attendance include such reasons as broken homes, and parental absence should also be taken into consideration.

        The consequences could be easily foretold. If the children continue to become laborers instead of learning knowledge in school, this poverty trap will be inescapable for the entire nation, since the future generation is not receiving enough education which can improve their society and lives in the future. In addition, child labor would also increase the risk of injuries, disabilities, and even death of workers. Also, due to lack of management, education, and boundaries, some children might become sex workers, street criminals or join political movements to reform society, which may also have additional effects in destabilizing the country. The increasing political participation might lead to violence (Huntington, 1971). All of the above pose risks to the future development of the entire country.

        Conclusion

        Nigeria has a strong capacity for potential development, with its massive resources and large population, but a number of extensive and long-term problems have thwarted its development and becoming a major power and strong civil society. Nigeria’s extensive poverty, political instability, large child labor markets, cultural reasons and high levels of sexism and gender inequality and other reasons have kept enrollment rates very low and are harming the future development prospects of the nation. Increasing this enrollment rate, and improving the quality of education that the students receive, is vital to securing Nigeria’s future and to securing the welfare of its citizens. Attempts have been made to focus on these issues and they are widely recognized, but little progress has been made in recent years. It will be necessary to secure a stable political and security environment as a basis for this, after which revenue streams will need to be developed that can eliminate the child labor market, increase student enrollment, and begin to channel funds towards improving school quality while cleaning up corruption and rolling back some of the sexism that has been harming the future of women and of the country as a whole.