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词汇量不高,essay照样拿高分!

        每次看到留学生写的essay里有一些地道的表达方式,总会心中暗喜,就像看到 surprise gift 一样开心。好的词汇表达对于老师来说有多重要,大家如果看过各类标准化考试的评分标准,肯定都心里有数。

        1)SAT Essay 部分要求

        新SAT写作部分的评分分为三部分(阅读、分析和写作能力),其中写作能力部分对于词汇的要求整体来讲就是准确和适当,不要求华丽丽的高级词汇,但明确要求地道的书面化表达。

        2)ACT Essay 部分要求

        ACT写作部分的评分分为四个维度(观点与分析、论点拓展、文章结构和语言运用),其中语言维度对于满分作文在词汇方面的要求,其实只有两个词-“skillful”&“precise”。换句话说,ACT和SAT的要求是一样的:需要准确和地道用词。

        3)TOEFL Writing 部分要求

        托福独立写作部分对于满分作文的要求中明确写了恰当的词汇选择和习惯短语,但允许有少量词汇使用错误。

        4)IELTS Writing 部分要求

        雅思写作部分的评分标准分为四个维度(回答的完成率、连贯性和一致性、词汇多样性和语法准确度及多样性),其中小作文部分对于8分高分作文在词汇方面的要求明确为“熟练使用多样化的词汇并准确表达意思”。

        由此可见,每个标准考试其实对于词汇表达的要求都强调 precision (准确),variety (多样) 和 idiom (地道)。

        那么问题来了,哪些词汇才算地道和准确呢?最权威的答案在阅读中。每个标准化考试的阅读文章都是最好的学习和积累材料。我们摘取其中的某些部分,一起学习和感受一下准确词汇的魅力所在。

        ➀ lay bare(选自 Kaplan Test 3 Essay, President Lyndon Johnson’s Voting Rights Address, delivered March 15, 1965)

        In our time we have come to live with moments of great crisis. Our lives have been marked with debate about great issues; issues ofwar and peace, issue of prosperity and depression. But rarely in any time does an issue lay bare the secret heart of America itself. Rarely are we met with a challenge, not to our growth or abundance, our welfare or our security, but rather to the values and the purposes and the meaning of our beloved Nation.

        lay bare: (v.) 道破、揭发

        ➁ get a handle on(选自”Making A Brain Map That We Can Use” by Alva Noë. Originally published January 16, 2015.)

        To understand flight, you need to understand aerodynamics; only once you get a handle on that can you ask how a structure of feathers, or any other physical system — such as a manufactured airship — can harness aerodynamics in the service of flight.

        get a handle on: 控制、驾驭

        ➂ a ghost of chance(选自”Making A Brain Map That We Can Use” by Alva Noë. Originally published January 16, 2015.)

        The practical point is that we need some conception of what the whole is for before we have a ghost of a chance of figuring out how it works.

        a ghost of chance: 一丝机会

        以上就是Meeloun小编给同学们分享的关于sat essay写作的习惯技巧,即使没有太多词汇量,按照上面的要求去做的话,高分essay也是不在话下。