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Arts Subjects-Essay format攻略贴

每到期末Essay扎堆的时候,
你有没有为Essay Format而头疼?
Bibliography/Reference又该怎么写?
要怎么才能做到不被扣Format分?
头疼的话,
就继续往下看吧!

lazy loading - Arts Subjects-Essay format攻略贴

        Essay Format
        对于所有的Academic Essay
        来说格式都基本相同。
        字号:12-point font size
        字体:Times New Roman
        行距:double-spaced
        另外,对于Arts科目来说,字数限制也十分重要。部分科目会将in-text citation或者footnotes 也算入字数中,具体需以每科的Assignment要求为准。
        The length of the paper should be XXXX words (+/-10%). The penalty (5-point deduction) will apply to a paper which is outside this range.

        再者,Plagiarism对于Essay来说至关重要!每一篇Essay都会经过Turnitin系统检查内容相似率。因此citation的必要性就不言而喻了。

        APA style? Harvard system?
        Chicago? Or MLA?
        What?到底该用哪一种?
        它们分别又有什么格式要求?

        APA style
        APA应该是同学们使用最广的reference方式。其格式要求主要为:
        要求同学们在开始进行段落开头写作前按一下Tab键以替代空格首行缩进;
        双倍行间距 Double Space;
        字体要求Times New Roman;

        Intext citations格式
        One author:
        …(Hawkins, 2003).
        Hawkins (2003) reported that the results were inconclusive.
        OR In 1979, Conger conducted a study which showed that…
        Two authors:
        …(Bovey & Hede, 2001)

        Reference list格式:
        1. book:
        Author surname, Author initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of book (edition number if not the 1st edition). Place of publication: Name of publisher.

        2.Journal article:
        Author family name, Author initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, volume number (issue number), page numbers of the article.

        3.Web sites:
        Author/editor surname, Author/editor initial(s). (Year, month day of last update, or copyright year). Title of the page/document. Retrieved Month day, year, from URL

        MLA 8th
        MLA(Modern Language Association)相信留学生们都很熟悉,为美国现代语言协会制定的论文指导格式,在一般书写英语论文时应当使用MLA格式来保证学术著作的完整。

        Intext citation:
        在MLA格式中, 一般以intext citation代替脚注及尾注,格式为:
        author’s last name and a relevant page number;
        Eg:…it was the worst of times” (Dickens 5);
        wrote Charles Dickens of the eighteenth century (5)
        注意:如有一个以上的作者,用“and” 而不是 “&” 链接~
        Eg: (Brown and Czerniewicz 2010)

        Reference list格式:
        1. book:
        Last name, First name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication.

        2. Journal article:
        Last name, First name. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal, volume, issue, year, page range of article. Database, URL.

        3. websites:
        Last name, First name. Name of site. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication (if available), URL.

        Chicago
        Intext citation:
        在Cihcago格式中,就不是用intext citation了,需要在正文中加入连续的自然数标记脚注及尾注,其格式为:

        1. Book
        Note Number. Author’s First and Last Names, Title of Book: Subtitle of Book (Place of Publication: Publisher’s Name, Date of Publication), page number(s).

        2.Journal article
        Note Number. Author’s First and Last Names, “Article Title,” Title of Publication Vol no, issue no (Date of Publication): page number(s).

        3. Websites
        Note Number. “Title of Webpage” Name of Website, Date modified/accessed, URL.

        具体方法可以参考下图:

lazy loading - Arts Subjects-Essay format攻略贴

        bibliography:
        同时,文末的详细引用信息也是必不可少的,详情也可以参照下图:

lazy loading - Arts Subjects-Essay format攻略贴

        Harvard
        Reference list:
        1. book:
        Eg: Brick, J 2009, Academic culture: a student’s guide to studying at university, National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research, Sydney.

        2. Journal article:
        Eg: Prentice, C 2010, ‘Terms of ambivalence: cultural politics and symbolic exchange’, Australian Literary Studies, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 33-54.

        3. Websites:
        Fein, B 2011, ‘The Patriot Act is at war with the constitution’, The American view: God, family, republic, viewed 8 November 2011, http://archive.theamericanview.com/index.php?id=1770

        所有参考书目以作者姓名的字母顺序排列,一个作者有多本著作时,则按年份先后排列顺序