下面Meeloun小编为大家整理一篇优秀的essay范文- Free schools policy，供大家参考学习，这篇论文讨论了英国的自由学校政策。英国自由学校的管理机构主要是新学校网络负责对想要申请自由学校的社会人士提供咨询、服务和申请过程的帮助、建议，国务大臣和地区学校委员会对所有提交的关于建立所有类型的自由学校的申请的批准工作，教育拨款委员会负责给通过自由学校申请的方案，从筹备阶段到学校正式开办后，提供相应的拨款，支撑学校的正常运行。教育标准局负责对自由学校的运行状况进行评估，包括学校学生的成绩、拨款的使用情况、学校其他方面的运行，制定每学年的自由学校年度报告并向社会公开。
The liberal school is funded by the central government, to improve local education condition, alleviate the contradiction between supply and demand of high quality education resources and establish a new type of public schools, than other public schools have greater freedom, including: not controlled by the local government, have the ability to set salaries and working conditions for employees, decided to provide what kind of courses, have the ability to change the length of the semester and the length of the school day. There are four main types of free schools in the UK: mainstream free schools, free schools between the ages of 16 and 19, alternative free schools and special free schools.
In the tradition of double-track schooling in Britain, private schools and education are of high quality, but they charge high fees. Families with good economic conditions can get the opportunity to attend quality schools for their children by buying school district houses. Poor families cannot afford to pay the high cost of buying school districts’ houses, and can only afford to send their children to weak schools if they do not want to. The education quality of Britain’s public primary and secondary schools is in the middle and bottom of the table in the OECD’s recently published “international student assessment programme”. The result ranking in 2013 was lower than that in 2006 and 2009, which led to the criticism and questioning of the development status of basic education in the UK. There were high calls to reform education and improve the quality of education.
In order to encourage free schools in various regions, the British government has adopted a series of flexible measures in the operation and governance of schools.
In terms of the governing body for free schools, the new school network offers counseling and advice to applicants. Any individual or group that wishes to apply to start a free school can contact the new school network for detailed information and policy advice on applying and organizing free schools. The minister of state and the district school committee shall conduct preliminary examination and screening of the application. Applicants who pass the first round of screening are required to provide detailed planning for all aspects of school work in the second round. The district school board is responsible for reviewing the financial plans for free schools and making recommendations to the minister, who makes the final decision.
In terms of school running subject, the free schools in the UK are relatively broad. Charities, teachers or teachers’ groups, existing schools and parents’ groups can set up free schools as long as they prove that the schools to be established are urgently needed and in short supply by the local community.
In terms of funding, the education grants committee is responsible for direct funding of free schools. The allocation is divided into school preparatory stage and school operating after allocation. The school preparation stage appropriation is mainly based on the type of school and the number of schools established by the school trust. The post-operation school funding is based on the resource and leadership of free schools, which sets different standards for different types of schools. Free schools are funded by local governments and school sponsors in addition to the education grants committee.
In terms of enrollment and curriculum, the school trust is the authority of school enrollment and must adhere to the principles of fairness, transparency and objectivity. Mainstream free schools and special free schools must abide by the national admission regulations on enrollment. Free schools between the ages of 16 and 19 can select students based on grades or other competency standards. Alternative terms free schools are not necessarily required to recruit students based on the government’s general admission regulations, but must enroll students in the compulsory education phase. All free schools may not teach in accordance with the national standard curriculum. The school’s teaching mode, school day arrangement and semester teaching work arrangement are more flexible.
In terms of staff recruitment, teachers in mainstream free schools, free schools between the ages of 16 and 19, and alternative free schools can have no teacher qualification standards, and the school can set teachers’ salary and working environment independently. But all teachers in special free schools must have a teacher certificate to meet the eligibility requirements for special education. A teacher can be a trained sports coach, a talented musician, an artist, or a successful businessman.
According to the latest figures from the department for education, there are now 304 free schools in England, of which more than 110 have been officially operational since September 2016. Once all these free schools are up and running, more than 230,000 places will be offered.
Eighty-three percent of the free schools that have been run or approved are mainstream free schools, and 17 percent are special free schools or alternative free schools – specialized schools for students who are excluded from mainstream education or excluded from mainstream free schools. Thirty-seven percent of the free schools that are approved or run are primary, 40 percent are secondary, 17 percent are full-school, and at least 6 percent are schools that offer education programs specifically for students ages 16 to 19. It is important to note that more and more free schools operate as full-length schools, covering both the basic education stage and the intermediate education stage. In 2011 there were only two, but in the following years there were 62.
British education bureau ZongDuXue will shaw said Sir Michael, British students can get a decent education opportunities still depends on where they live, students chance to get high quality education resources of school is less than 50%. Mr Wilshaw says he cannot accept that some children have a 90% chance of getting a good school, while others have less than half the chance. In September 2014, an average of about three applications were received for one place in free schools, and more than nine out of ten basic free schools received applications for more than one place. More than a quarter of English families will choose better schools for their children, 81 per cent of parents recognise the education quality of free schools and 73 per cent of parents will consider applying to free schools, according to a new Populus survey.
In October 2014, the education standards board examined 78 free schools, with 70 percent of free schools rated as “” outstanding” “or” “good” “schools among those inspected. By comparison, 69 percent of all public schools inspected during the same period were rated “outstanding” or “good.” At the same time, free schools in the same period were already doing better than other public schools, and were more than twice as likely to be rated “excellent” or “good” schools. Even compared to all public schools, free schools are 25 percent more likely to be rated “outstanding” in any period of inspection.
88% of mainstream schools and approved free schools are based in areas where schools are scarce or in rural areas where the education rating is poor. Free schools also address the shortage of good schools in those parts of England where education levels are low: 91% and 71% of the basic and secondary free schools that are run or approved are based in rural poor areas where two-thirds of education scores are poor. As the chart below shows, free schools are eight times more likely to be based in the poorest parts of England than in the poorest.
Principals have more autonomy in choosing their teachers. British free schools often appoint core subject teachers on traditional criteria, using the local community’s rich talent pool – from athletic trainers, talented musicians and artists who teach not only specialized courses but also widely open electives to shape people. A recent survey of free schools found that teachers with no teacher certificates in most general subjects were PE teachers. Freedom in teacher recruitment also means that free schools can hire teachers from independent departments. In England, 45 per cent of secondary school physics teachers do not have a physics degree and more than 55 per cent of maths teachers do not have a maths degree. British free schools can employ trained scientists and mathematicians – those who are genuinely passionate and capable of bringing knowledge into the lives of their students as teachers.
The liberal school of management institutions mainly is responsible for the new school network for those want to apply for free schools to provide consulting, services, and the application process help, advice, the secretary of state and regional school board for all submissions on the approval of the free schools of all types of work, education appropriations committee responsible for application solutions, through free school officially start from the run-up to the school provide funding, support the normal operation of the school. The specific operation of the school is mainly the responsibility of the trust of free schools, which is responsible for the planning and management of the use of school funds, the enrollment of the school, the recruitment of school staff, the establishment of school objectives and operation rules and other matters related to the specific operation of the school. The education standards authority is responsible for assessing the performance of free schools, including the performance of students, the use of grants, and other aspects of school operations, and developing annual reports of free schools for each academic year and making them available to the public.
Under the rules of free school applications, applications submitted by free school applicants must first be approved by the regional school board, and qualified applications will be submitted to the state education minister for final approval. The district school board is a board made up of 5 or 6 principals or education experts from the district who come from the community and are familiar with education in the community. Such education organization can fully mobilize the power of the community and provide reality survey from the grassroots for the establishment of free schools. On the one hand, free schools established can effectively meet the needs of local communities for education; on the other hand, they will not waste resources due to lack of knowledge of the actual situation.
A recent survey by the department for education found that 84 per cent of free schools work with or plan to work with other schools to strengthen the whole school system. In the same survey, 72 percent of free school principals felt they had a greater impact on other schools in the region, benefiting all students in the region. The Chinese government can be based on the experience of the British free schools, according to the development of China’s rural education, directly by the central government allocated by the ministry of education established in China’s rural poverty areas directly under the public primary and secondary schools, to improve China’s rural poor areas and the plight of some natural conditions difficult areas of basic education development, in order to promote the basic education backward area development of quality education, to promote Chinese education balanced development between areas.