You find a desk in Irving and refuse to move ever again. You don’t even think about taking a break—that would be a waste of time. Don’t you know this assignment is due in 16 hours?
Whether you’re doing this because you think it’s efficient or because you left everything until the last minute, you’re not going to learn much. Our brains need rest time to process information.
Planning ahead is the key here. Instead of focusing only on your deadlines, work backwards and figure out when you need to start working on a project. Take into account how long each part of the work will take you. You’ll feel less overwhelmed and more able to actually learn the material, as opposed to just cramming.
If you’re really in a pinch (hey, it happens to everyone), try out the pomodoro method: 25 minutes on, 5 minutes off, with a longer break every 4 circuits. It holds off exhaustion and keeps you feeling refreshed over long periods of heavy work!
2.The Full-Page Highlight
You try to study by reading the textbook, but somehow end up highlighting everything and remembering nothing.
Turns out, passively re-reading a textbook is pretty useless. Just because you’re holding a highlighter doesn’t mean you’re actually engaging with the material.
Learn how to read actively by taking notes as you read, which will force you to decide what parts of the reading are worth remembering. Come up with practice questions or make flashcards. The more of the 5 senses you use in your studying, the more likely you are to remember the information.
If your exam includes an essay portion, think about what kinds of themes your professor might ask about and make some possible outlines. Even if your practice questions don’t actually show up on the exam, you’ll be in the right headspace!
You try to do work for all of your classes at the same time by constantly switching back and forth between projects. This one is particularly common during finals.
People are actually really bad at multitasking. While we think we’re focusing on 2 things at once, we’re actually switching between 2 tasks very rapidly, meaning that our brains never have time to fully adjust to working on either one.
大多数人并不擅长同时处理多项任务。 当你决定要同时处理两件事情时，我们常常 会在两个任务之间快速地转换，意味着我们的大脑并没有充分的时间有效地处理其中任何一个件事。
Unfortunately, the only way around this one is to plan ahead (weird how that keeps cropping up). Make a study schedule ahead of time and figure out which days you’ll devote to which subjects. You’ll be able to process the material more efficiently than you would if your attention was split between tasks, and ultimately you’ll have more confidence in what you’ve learned.
4.The Media Frenzy
You study while talking to your friends, checking 10 different social media tabs, and listening to loud music (or worse, watching Netflix), and looking at your phone every 5 seconds as it buzzes away on your desk.
SHUT. IT. DOWN. It’s easy enough to get distracted without creating more disturbances for yourself. Turn off your phone, don’t use the internet unless absolutely necessary (if it is, use StayFocusd or Freedom to stay on task), and minimize background noise. Low volume coffee shop buzz and instrumental (preferably classical) music are fine, but stay away from loud conversation or heavy rhythmic tunes. I like to study while listening to film scores (nothing makes you feel productive like finishing an essay to the Indiana Jones theme).
关机！ 关机！ 关机！ 如果没给自己创造一个没有干扰的环境，很难避免在学习的时候不分心。手机关机，不必要的时候尽量断网，选择在安静的环境中学习。