留学生essay代写网教你如何选好留学预科

本报上周连续报道了日下正火的国内留学预科课程,很多读者打来电话,纷纷询问怎样才能判断一个留学预科课程是否合格。为此,记者走访留学专家essay代写网。

essay代写网说,高中学生留学预科课程是专为海外学生设置的衔接课程。作为一个好的预科,它首先应是学术上连接中西方教育的桥梁,在学术英语、学习技巧、专业课程以及适应中西方文化等方面帮助海外学生实现由本国教育向西式教育的顺利过渡。其次,好的预科项目不仅要学生做好学术上的准备,还应该为学生做好适应国外学习和生活的心理上的准备。

留学生essay代写网教你如何选好预科课程

essay代写网说,一个好的预科至少应该从以下14个问题来判断:

1、该预科是由哪个机构来研发设计的?

2、该课程是否被广泛认可?

3、该预科是否具备严格的学术质量监控体系?

4、该预科课程设置是否全面?

5、该预科被认可大学的层次如何?著名大学的数量多吗?

6、该预科毕业的学生是直接进入海外大学攻读学位(degree)课程,还是攻读文凭(diploma)或证书(certificate)课程?

7、该预科毕业的学生实际进入的是哪些大学?是认可该课程的所有大学还是仅仅集中在某几个大学的某些专业?

8、该预科是否拥有成熟的录取体系?

9、该预科的签证记录及信誉如何?

10、该预科是否具备完善的毕业学生跟踪反馈体系?

11、该预科课程是针对中国学生的实际特点不断更新,还是一成不变的?

12、该预科课程的英语是为未来学习做好充分准备的学术英语还是普通的英语语言学习?

13、预科学习过程中校方是否提供专业的选校、选专业咨询?

14、该预科是否拥有完善的海外延伸服务?

英国留学生计算机专业个人陈述写作方法讲解

申请专业:计算机。很多留学生同学想要去英国留学计算机专业或者去美国之类的,但是不论是哪个国家留学计算机专业始终离不开计算机专业个人陈述,所以很多同学就会问个人陈述是怎么写的?本文在此问你解答。

英国留学生计算机专业个人陈述写作方法讲解

在我考虑写这篇PS的时候我想到了很多,但在我准备动手写的时候确感觉无从入手,并不是想不出什么,而是我觉得我有太多的话要说,太多的事情要写了.当我即将面临人生的一个新的十字路口,我没有像别人那样犹豫不决,继续工作,考研,留学,我的目标只有一个-出国求学!

I thought much before I began to write the PS. However, holding the pen, I suddenly felt wordless because I have too much to say, too much to write. Standing on the crossroad of life, I determined to study abroad without any hesitations.

出国留学的想法并不是源于我对国外生活的向往,而是源于我对专业的追求,因为我对我所学习的专业具有的与众不同的兴趣.我向往着再能够更加深入的学习和掌握信息科学的内涵,体会她的魅力!凭借着一种懵懂的感性指引将我带进了信息科学的殿堂,在大学几年的学习过程中,逐渐认识到了当前的信息社会,不仅需要一系列方方面面懂得信息技术的人才,更需要我们对信息科学和技术做更深入的研究,将这个学科的技术应用到各个行业。而且,信息科学很明显是未来的趋势,它将颠覆性地 改变人们过去曾经熟悉的生活方式。在对这个专业的学习过程中,我感到了它的有趣、挑战、永远与最新技术保持同步,最重要的是让我觉得它非常有前景,为了她挥洒自己的青春是值得的。

It was not the desire for the life overseas, but the pursuit of my professional study that aroused my idea to study abroad. I was longing for the further study and embedded understanding of the essence of Information Science, tasting its charm. Pocketing this interest, I came into the department of Beijing Forestry University. Through several years’ study there, I gradually realized that the modern information society needed not only the professional talents in information science, but also the embedded researches in this field in order to use it into every enterprise. Meanwhile, it is certain that the information science is just the developing trend in the future, which could historically change the ever familiar life style. Therefore, in the process of learning, I can taste its interest and challenge, with which I can keep abreast with the latest technology. Furthermore, I think it was valuable for me to contribute my youth into the Information Science, the most prospective enterprise in the future.

从我的成绩单上不难看出,在大学阶段,我专业课程的成绩属于一般。我并不擅长考试,更不懂得考试中所谓的技巧,我更看重实践操作和社会的真实需求.我期望学到了解到的是能够代表这个时代的知识和技术.当时我主要通过阅读和自学一些原版的专业书籍教程来获取最前沿的知识,通过浏览网上的科技动态和专业论坛来获得第一手信息,以及拓宽自己的视野。再就是积极参与知识的实际利用和验证。

My ordinary score on my school report will tell you that I am not good at examinations. Those so-called “examination skills” are also strange to me. Instead, I emphasize the practical operations and the real needs of the society, expecting to learn the knowledge and technology that stands at the top of the period. Therefore, I got the latest knowledge mainly by reading large amount of English books and browsing the websites. Besides, I participated in many practical activities, in which I could use what I have learnt into practice.

大二的时候当我的同学还沉浸在网络游戏的迷幻世界里的时候,我利用业余时间给一家小公司的网站做兼职的技术员,。可当时从学校学到掌握的知识很难用于实际工作,于是我搜集整理了一系列网站维护方面的专业资料。后来通过自学我掌握了HTML语言和CSS设计.从这第一次尝试的经历我获得了很多的收获,但我认为最大的收获就是这个过程中我遇到的难题.在制作网站信息板块的过程中资料的吻合程度一直无法解决,我的倔强的性格让我在困难面前越来越兴奋.我利用所有可以利用的时间上网查资料,最终通过细致的分类和鉴别,将它们有效的整理了出来。

In my sophomore year, just as other schoolmates were submerging themselves into the fairy world of PC games, I began my part time working experience by working as a technician on the website of a small company. Just at that exciting time, I found that it was very difficult to use the theories I learnt on class into the practical work. Trapped in the gap between the school and society, I collected and summarized much practical professional files from a series of websites and learnt the HTML language and the CSS design by myself. From the first attempt in the society, I realized that I got much from difficulties rather than smooth work. On designing the information part of the website, I could not find the perfect combination between the files. However, as a hard-nosed boy, I was not defeated by the difficulties, but very excited towards them. By classifying and summarizing the files I found on the websites, I finally solved the problem.

通过我不懈的努力我在专业技术水平得到了老师的认可,终于通过一次偶然的机会我得到了一个参与开发项目的机会,并作为技术骨干协助老师进行linux下iptables的模块开发。从理论的角度来看这个模块开发可以算做操作系统理论,而我对编写系统模块并不是很熟悉,这又是一次挑战.我在一本介绍module programming的书里找到了关于编写系统模块的信息, 凭借我大胆的尝试,虽然失败了几次,但最终成功的实现了项目的最终目标,顺利的完成了! 失败是成功之母,我一直坚信这一点!

Taking advantage of my insistent efforts, I was finally kissed by an opportunity to participate in a developing project, in which I worked as a core assistant of my teacher to develop the Iptables module under Linux. From a theoretical point of view, the development of the module could be included in the basic theories of the operating system. However, it was another challenge for me because I was not familiar with the programming of system module. Finally, I found the related knowledge on a book named “Module Programming”. Thanks to my repeated attempts, times of failures, at last, presented me with the final success. Through this practice, I believe firmly that failure is the access to the success.

中国科学院是引领中国科学技术发展的先锋,从小我就渴望着有一天能成为其中的一员!大四的那个夏天我实现了我的这个梦想!通过老师的推荐我协助中科院自动化所的老师们开发一个基于生物特征认证的接口,虽然只有短短的两个星期,但我从中受益匪浅. 通过与实验室专家教授的沟通, 以及在图书馆里查阅相关文献,我将整个BIOAPI的接口规范,类和数据结构的设计,以及对生物接口的理念进行了深入了解。最终利用C++编写除了初步的与该实验室应用上的接口.成功后的喜悦不言而喻.

I had a dream when I was just a kid—-becoming a member in Chinese Academy of Science, the pioneer of the science and technology in China. My senior year witnessed me to achieve my dream. Under the recommendation of my teacher, I got the opportunity to work with the professors in automation department of CAS on developing the interface based on the biometric authentication technology. Two weeks was a short time, but a harvest time for me. Through the exchange with the experts and professors and looking up large amount of books and related literatures in the library, my understanding on all the specifies BIOAPI interface, the design of the 类 and data structure and the biometric interfaces had largely deepened. Seeing the final success, the sweetest smile in the world blossomed on my face.

我刻苦学习,认真的工作态度得到了中科院老师的欣赏,当我在本科的最后阶段我被中科院的老师推荐到他们的软件所中文信息实验室进行毕业设计.我参与的是一个研究生的课题,中文博客搜索引擎。

英国留学生计算机专业个人陈述写作方法讲解

My assiduity in study and careful working attitude won the appreciation of the professors in CAS. Therefore, at the last period of my undergraduate study, I was recommended by them to complete my graduation design by participating in a graduate subject of Chinese Blog Search Engine.

做为assistant. 在这个过程中我完成了对blog数据的抓取和存储,采用的有C语言,perl语言,mysql数据库。通过自学和向师兄请教又学到了很多的新技术和知识,最终完成了一个博客搜索引擎的框架。

As the assistant, I completed the access and storage of the Blog data by using C language and Perl database. With the help of my studying fellows, I finally designed a frame of the Blog Search Engine and learn many new technologies.

当我完成了大学的学习后,我接受了新浪网工作的OFFER。在这里我主要负责操作系统的批量安装、软件包定制以及安全配置,以及线上设备的正常运行,各种软硬件故障的检测和恢复。同时负责各种突发事件的响应与及时处理。还负责将整个公司数千台服务器和网络设备等的配置信息进行精确维护。

After graduation, I accepted the offer of working on Sina website, where I was mainly responsible for the batch installation of operating system, tailor of the software package, the safety configuration, the smooth running of the equipments on line, the test and recovery of various hardware failures. Meanwhile, I was in charge of the immediate response and disposal of the accidents and the exact maintenance of thousands of servers in the whole company.

在新浪做为系统工程师.在这里做的事情很多.有应用程序方面的、操作系统方面的、网络方面的,还有各种硬件方面的.采用的技术和理论也涉及以上各类.平时遇到的技术问题主要是通过自己的判断思考和实践,结合其他专业文献以及自己所学的专业知识加以解决。

As a system engineer in Sina website, there are a lot of things to do in the application process, operating system and network as well as in the hardware. We generally solve the problems by our own practical experience combining with the related professional literatures and the knowledge we have learnt.

几年的工作经历给我最大的感受就是我清醒的认识到自己的不足,我现在的水平举例我的目标-成为专业领域的专家,相距甚远.我不能在坐在自己的成绩上幻想了,我要超越我自己,在技术方面我有着太多的缺陷需要弥补,我相信我现在需要深入细致的学习研究和找到一个良好的学术氛围。

Years of working experience made me realized clearly that it has still a long way to go to achieve my dream—becoming an expert in this field. I have to step out of the “flowers” coating me now for my achievements to the further study for the next station on the way of life. Therefore, I need a nutritious academic atmosphere.

好奇心是学习新技术的必要条件,我具备这一条件。其次是善于钻研,善于自学,动手能力强。这些在我上学过程中和工作以后更是得到了充分的锻炼。我相信几年后当我站在下一个人生的十字路口的时候我将更自信.我对未来充满了期待!

It was my curiosity that pushed me onto the road of learning new technologies and it was my strong learning ability and capability that presented me with the current achievement. I believe that standing at the cross road of life after a few years further study, I will be more confident and stronger expectative for my future.

business essay代写-swto市场商业报告分析案例

本文是一篇关于市场营造战略分析的商业报告essay代写范文,主要分析Nichols公司在目前市场竞争环境下的现状,以及如何采用相应的手段和战略投资是提高投资的回报。本文采用的经典的swto分析法,是商业报告essay写作中常用的一种手段,其目的是突出战略、趋势、障碍、威胁、营销方向等,以及该公司产品的市场地位、发展潜力、相关建议等等。在business essay代写中,这类的写作主题也是很多的。如果您需要business essay代写、swto代写相关服务,欢迎联系我们在线客服。

business essay代写

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY………….………………………………………………3

1. CURRENT MARKET POSITION….…………………………………………4

1.1 Brand

1.2 Target Market Analysis

2. MARKET OVERVIEW……………………………………………………5-6

2.1 PEST

2.2 Current business trends

3. TOWS ANALYSIS………………………………………………………………7-8

3.1 Key Issues

3.2 Key Opportunities

4. STRATEGY……………………………………………………………………… 8-9

4.1 Brand Development Strategy

4.2 Pricing Strategy

4.3 Advertising Strategy

4.4 Distribution Strategy

5. SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………… 9

6. REFERENCES10

Executive Summary

This report is written to present an analysis of the marketing environment of Vimto with the aim of providing strategic input on how to improve their chances of success.

Vimto is in the soft drinks business and is owned by Nichols plc. Vimto grew 4.3% and since it’s the core brand of the group, significant attention has to be allocated to assure its continued success.

Reading this report will highlight what strategies, obstacles, trends, threats and marketing/ communication tools are needed to make sure this product become successful. The report contains a market analysis, different recommendations and an outline on the future potentials for the products.

  1. CURRENT MARKET POSITION

1.1 Brand

Nichols is the UK based company that is engaged in producing soft drinks and other beverages. The company distributes its products to the retail, wholesale, vending, catering, licensed, and leisure industries. The company has operations in the UK, Middle East, China and Africa.

The company’s brand portfolio includes Vimto, which is sold in over 65. The company offers still and carbonates drinks. The company offers soft drinks on dispense market. (MarketLine, 2013)

1.2. Target Market Analysis

Supermarkets / hypermarkets form the leading distribution channel in the United Kingdom carbonated soft drinks market, accounting for a 35.2% share of the total market’s volume.

On-trade accounts for a further 25.9% of the market.

lazy loading - business  essay代写-swto市场商业报告分析案例

Figure 1: United Kingdom carbonated soft drinks market distribution: % share, by volume, 2012

(source: MarketLine)

  1. MARKET OVERVIEW
  1. PESTLE

Political

Political factors impact on the way business operates. The statutory minimum wage affects all businesses, as do consumer and health and safety laws.

The political decision as to whether or not the UK signs up to have the Single European Currency is having an impact on UK businesses, which includes Vimto.

Economical

All businesses are affected by economical factors nationally and globally. Interest rate policies and fiscal policies will have to be set accordingly. Within the UK the climate of the economy dictates how consumer may behave within society. Whether an economy is in a boom, recession or recovery will also affect consumer confidence and behaviour. This has an impact on most businesses including Vimto. An economy which is in a recession is characterized by high unemployment, and low confidence. Because of high unemployment spending is low; confidence about job security is also low. Consumers will be more inclined to reduce their spending because of their low revenues. This leads businesses to try to reduce their operation cost to save money. The market is seeing a growth so we can assume that the impact on Vimto will be currently minimal. (Marketline, 2013)

Social

The social factors affecting Vimto include the demographic changes, cultural aspect and consumers habits. These factors affect customer needs and the size of potential markets.

Vimto being sweet and fruity will appeal to the younger demographic. It has also introduced energy drink in its portfolio that will entice sporty and diet aware people. (Just-drinks, 2013)

Technological

Technological factors are vital for competitive advantage, and are a major driver of change and efficiency. With the advent of social media allowing for a wide range of consumer to be targeted, it simply cannot be neglected anymore and those who invest in that area will have a significant advantage. (Brand Republic, 2009)

Laws & regulation

Environmental

Like any other drinks brand, Vimto experiences many environmental threats to both production and brand awareness. They have to ensure that their packaging and brand is not affecting the environment or they could receive a backlash from consumers and activisits. (Loulla-Mae Eleftheriou-Smith, 2011)

  1. Current business trends

The performance of the market is forecast to accelerate, with an anticipated CAGR of 4.4% for the five-year period 2012 – 2017, which is expected to drive the market to a value of $16,063.6m by the end of 2017. Comparatively, the French and German markets will grow with CAGRs of 1% and 1.6% respectively, over the same period, to reach respective values of $4,827.6m and $11,274.2m in 2017. (MarketLine, 2013)

  1. TOWS ANALYSIS
Tows analysis for vimto. Threats
  • Competitors- Ribena with large financial backing
  • Unhealthy product as high in sugar etc.
  • Poor weather an effect the harvesting of berries essential to making Vimto.
Opportunities
  • Automated production (in order to cheaply mass produce)
  • Marketing via phone apps (Ribena sponsors apps why doesn’t Vimto).
  • Use of cyber marketing via websites such as fb.
Weaknesses
  • outsourcing production = higher costs
  • Expensive labour in the UK.
  • Hardly use the internet to advertise (despite target market being 10-25 year olds.
  • Not outsourcing means they will save money and therefore Vimto will be able to be more competitive against competitors such as Ribena who have a large financial backing.
  • Weather in the UK does sometimes effect the harvest of crop (eg. The flooding recently) therefore by moving abroad Vimto can take advantage of both cheap labour and a more stable climate for growing berries.
  • Instead of outsourcing, if Vimto where to produce there product internally they could invest in an automated production line saving them money in the long run due to small labour costs and improved efficiency.
  • Opportunity to use Facebook and phone apps to advertise to target market (10-25 year olds) who are the main users of the internet. (this is something that Ribena defiantly do better than Vimto)
Strengths
  • Cheap ingredients sourced locally.
  • New electronic documenting system (saving £50,000 a year)
  • Joint venture with weight watchers to try to improve brand image.
  • Although Vimto is unhealthy they have recently entered into a joint venture with weight watchers in order to improve their brand name, this is due to a social shift towards healthy food and drink.
  • If Vimto do decided to move abroad they will lose the cheap transport costs for their raw materials as well as the right to advertise that they produce Vimto in the UK from UK berries.
  • Advertise that Vimto source there ingredients from the UK keeping UK citizens employed – links in with new advertisements via internet and apps.
  • Opportunity to widely advertise recycled bottles (due to a more socially conscious consumer)

Figure 2. – TOWS analysis table.

4.1 Key issues

From the TOWS, the important issues to consider are: high costs resulting from using UK labour and not outsourcing. Lack of Internet of coverage and presence as social medias (i.e. Facebook) aren’t well or not exploited at all.

4.2 Key opportunities

From the TOWS, the key opportunities include: The energy sector remains the fastest growing category in soft drinks at 7% per annum (Nichols, 2014) so mergers with well-known brand (recently with Weightwatchers) are a good option. Wide advertisement of its green position. Use of cyber marketing by using social medias to target a broader range of consumers.

  1. STRATEGY

4.1 Brand Development strategy

The brand image is already in place. Vimto must simply supply evidence to the consumers that their brand image is accurate and worthwhile. Vimto provide proof of their quality products and services by advertising that they’re locally produced following a strict CSR code.

4.2 Pricing strategy

As the company generated good numbers despite the anticipated reduction, an alteration of the price isn’t critical.

4.3 Advertising strategy

It should be focused more on the range of exposure through multiple media sources (i.e social medias).

4.4 Distribution strategy

Progress continues to be made in Nichols Dispense business, with consolidation of the independent distributor base. This also involved the full integration of Festival Soft Drinks Limited, based on the south coast of England, into Nichols Dispense during 2013.

4.5 Marketing strategy

The marketing strategy of Vimto will be to:

Increase awareness of the brand finding innovative way to use the multimedia tools (i.e. Facebook etc.).

Build strategic partnerships to make sure that you will be able to take advantage of their brand recognition and infrastructures.

Differentiate themselves from competitors through introduction of new products consumer targeting specific type (i.e. sport drinks with flashy PET bottle to attract sportmen). Continued advertisement of ‘green’ resolutions adoption and CSR policies.

  1. SUMMARY

The target Market could be sometimes hard to reach due to the fact that most of them are not well exposed to the brand compared to the competition such as Coca-Cola. This marketing and promotion could be overcome by selecting a wider range of marketing and communication tools.

New products introduced offer a number a choices to consumers and widen its base. Additionally, corporate responsibility position makes it look respectable and apealling.

The strong market position Vimto has in the global market gives its products a high change of success. Vimto has a well established market position in the soft drinks industry, which gives it a large scale of new opportunities by the bias of mergers.

If the implement of those new ways to attract consumers (i.e social media) is done, it will gives them a competitive advantage.

  1. REFERENCES

Brand Republic (2009) Vimto digital strategy pulls teens into branded game. Available from:http://www.brandrepublic.com/news/922925/Vimto-digital-strategy-pulls-teens-branded-game/?HAYILC=RELATED [Accessed 04/04/2014]

Bureau van Dijk (2014) Nichols company report. FAME [online]. Available from: http://fame2.bvdep.com [Accessed 28 February 2014]

Bureau van Dijk (2014) Nichols company report. OSIRIS [online]. Available from: http://osiris.bvdinfo.com/ [Accessed 28 February 2014]

Facebook (2014) Facebook. Available from: http://www.facebook.com [Accessed 04/04/2014]

Just-drinks. (2013) Product Launch – UK: Nichols’ Vimto Extreme Energy and Extreme Sport. just-drinks [online]. Available from:http://www.just-drinks.com/news/nichols-vimto-extreme-energy-and-extreme-sport_id110674.aspx [Accessed 04/04/2014]

Loulla-Mae Eleftheriou-Smith (2011) Vimto updates bottle and packaging design. Marketing Magazine [online]. Available from:http://www.marketingmagazine.co.uk, [accessed on 04/04/2014]

MarketLine (2013) MarketLine Industry Profile : Carbonated Soft Drinks industry in the United Kingdom. MarketLine Advantage[online]. Available from : http://http://advantage.marketline.com.ezproxy.uwe.ac.uk/ [Accessed 28 February 2014]

MarketLine (2013) Company Profile : Nichols plc. MarketLine Advantage [online]. Available from :http://http://advantage.marketline.com.ezproxy.uwe.ac.uk [Accessed 28 February 2014]

Nichols plc (2014) Nichols plc. Available from: http://www.nicholsplc.co.uk/ [Accessed 04/04/2014]

Nichols plc (2014) Annual report & financial statement 2013 [online]. . Available from: http://www.nicholsplc.co.uk/ [Accessed 04/04/2014]

Vimto (2014) Vimto. Available from: http://www.vimto.co.uk/ [Accessed 04/04/2014]

Weight Watchers (2014) Weight Watchers. Available from: http://www.weightwatchers.co.uk/ [Accessed 04/04/2014]

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essay开头brainstorm写法|essay开头怎么写

在国外每个学校都有作业,很多同学问我平时做的Essay开头怎么写,然后怎么写。今天我就把它整理成文字,让大家都看一看。essay开头brainstorm写法|essay开头怎么写本文详细介绍。
一篇文章的第一段左右通常是整个文章的最重要的部分得到“just right”。它不仅是一个机会,抓住读者的注意力,同时也有机会来设置文章的其余议程,语气和内容的条款。严格地说,没有单一的“right”的方式开始了一篇文章,只是因为它有可能写了无数主题的文章,所以也有可能开始在很多方面的文章。然而,大多数好的开端,以散文分享一定的素质,如果考虑进去,可以大大提高可另外缺乏的文章前奏。请参见下面的步骤1开始!

essay开头brainstorm写法|essay开头怎么写
一、为你的文章铺设路线图
1、1、启动带有引人注目的一句话。当你的文章可能(或者,诚然,可以不)是有趣的你,作家,它不一定有趣的读者。读者,总的来说,是关于他们所读内容有点挑剔,他们做了什么没有。如果一件作品不会立刻吸引他们的注意力在第一段,有一个很好的机会,他们不会懒得看它的其余部分。正因为如此,它往往是开始的作文与从一开始就命令读者注意一个句子一个好主意。只要这第一句话就是逻辑连接到文章的其他部分,有一个在成为引人注目的右出了大门没有羞耻。
您可能要开始一个迷人,鲜为人知的事实和统计抓住读者的注意力。举例来说,如果你在儿童肥胖的危险与日俱增全世界写一篇文章,你可能会这样开始:”Contrary to the popular idea that childhood obesity is only a problem for rich, pampered Westerners, the WHO reports that in 2012, over 30% of preschool-age children in developing countries were overweight or obese.”在另一方面,如果它适合你的文章更具逻辑性,你可能要启动一个特别扣人心弦的图像或描述。关于暑假的文章,你可能会这样开始: “When I felt the Costa Rican sun filtering through the jungle canopy and heard the sound of howler monkeys far off in the distance, I knew that I had found someplace very special.”
2、让你的读者进入你的文章的“meat”。一个伟大的第一句话可以吸引读者的注意力,但是如果你不把读者拉进你的文章里,她还是会很容易失去兴趣。按照你的第一句话,一个句子或两个逻辑连接的注意抓住“钩”在第一句中的其余部分作为一个整体。通常,这些句子将在第一个句子的狭窄范围内扩展,将特定的快照放在一些更大的上下文中。
例如,在你的肥胖文章中,你可能会遵循如下第一句话:“In fact, childhood obesity is a growing problem that is increasingly affecting rich and poor countries alike.”这句话解释了第一句中所描述的问题的紧迫性,并给出了更广泛的内容。
为你的假期的文章,你可能会跟你这样的第一句话是: “I was deep in the jungles of Tortuguero National Park, and I was lost in more ways than one.” 这句话告诉读者在第一句的意象从哪里来,带领读者走进其余的文章嘲笑它最终将被揭示的旁白是“lost”。
3、告诉读者你的文章是什么。大多数时候,文章不是纯粹的描述-他们不存在完全告诉你什么是基本的,事实上。通常情况下,他们有一个特定的目的以外的。这几乎可以是任何东西。这篇文章可能是为了改变读者对某个主题的想法,说服读者采取行动,为某个不被很好理解的事情,或者简单地讲述一个令人深思的故事。在任何情况下,第一段的基本目的是要告诉读者什么是文章的目的是。这样,读者就可以快速选择是否继续到其余的文章或不。
在你的肥胖文章中,你可能会总结出这样的事情:“The purpose of this essay is to analyze current trends in childhood obesity rates worldwide and recommend specific policy initiatives to combat this growing problem,”这清楚地告诉什么文章的目的是。这里没有混乱。
为你的假期的文章,你可以试着这样的话: “This is the story of my summer in Costa Rica, a summer that neither spider bites, nor rotten plantains, nor Giardia could keep from being life-changing.” 这告诉读者,他们会在戏弄的具体细节在文章体店就是阅读一个人的旅行到外国帐户。
4、或者,你的文章结构概要。有时,它是适当的走一步的介绍来描述你的文章的计划来实现其目的。如果你的文章能够很容易地被分解成不同的,特定的部分,这将是有用的,将使主题更容易掌握的读者。如果你是一个学生,你知道如何做到这一点也很有用,因为一些老师会要求你这么做的。然而,具体地概述了不同的文章在介绍中的文章并不总是一个好主意。在某些情况下,特别是对轻心的文章,这可能是有点机械读,可以通过提出太多的信息,对读者的威胁。
你可能会继续这样说:“这篇文章涉及三个主要的全球健康问题:高热量食品的供应,减少体育锻炼,以及日益普及的久坐不动的休闲活动。”对于一个简单的研究论文,概述了主要议题的讨论是一个好主意,因为它允许读者立即理解文章的理由解释在过去的句子的目的。
另一方面,对于你的假期文章,你可能不会以这种方式勾勒出你的文章。既然你已经建立了你的文章是轻松俏皮,这听起来有些奇怪的继续,例如:“通过体验城市生活在圣若泽和农村生活的资本在托土盖罗的丛林里,我像变了一个人在我的旅途中,“这不是一个可怕的句子,但它不流从前面的人因为它奠定了一个严格的刚性结构,不需要。
5、如果有必要,包括一篇论文。在论文写作中,一个句子是一个句子,这是一个简单的句子,尽可能清晰、简洁地描述文章的“要点”。一些文章,特别是五段为学术作业或是标准化考试的一部分而写的论文,或多或少都要求你将论文陈述部分作为开篇的一部分。即使不需要这篇文章的文章也能从一个大胆的命题陈述的简洁的目的性中受益。一般情况下,在第一段的结尾处或附近包含论文陈述,虽然没有硬性规定,具体地说,论文陈述必须是。
对于你的肥胖文章,因为你在一个临床,简单的方式处理一个严肃的话题和写作,你可能会直接与你的论文声明:“通过分析现有的调查数据,本文旨在找出具体的政策措施,如可能的路径到全球肥胖减少。”这篇论文告诉读者在相对较少的话的确切目的的文章。
你可能不包括一个单一的论文发表声明的度假文章。因为你更感兴趣的是设置一个情绪,讲述一个故事,并说明个人主题,一个直接的,临床的声明,如“这篇文章将描述我的暑假到哥斯达黎加”,将声音奇怪的强迫和不必要的。
6、为你的文章定一个合适的基调。除了你的空间,讨论你将要谈论什么,你的第一段,也是一个空间,以确定你将如何谈论它。你写的你写的声音是什么鼓励部分(或阻碍)你的读者阅读你的文章。如果在你的文章开始的基调是明确的,愉快的,和适合的主题,你的读者会比如果它的混乱更容易阅读,变化很大,从句子的,或是不在手边的话题。
看一看上面的句子。注意,虽然肥胖作文和假期作文有非常不同的声音,这两者都是清楚地写,并为主题的适当。肥胖作文是一个严肃的、分析性的写作,是一种处理公共健康问题的文章,所以对这些句子有一定的临床和观点是合理的。另一方面,这篇文章是关于一个有趣的,令人兴奋的经历,对作者有重大影响,所以这是合理的句子是一个有趣的小游戏,包含令人兴奋的细节和传达作者的奇迹感。
7、砍去追逐!介绍的最重要的规则之一是,更短的几乎总是更好的。如果你能把所有的信息都传达给你,你需要五个句子,而不是六个。如果你可以用一个简单的,每天的话,在一个更不起眼的字(例如,“start”与“initiate”),做它。如果你能把你的信息传达给十个单词而不是十二个,那就去做吧。在任何地方,你可以在不牺牲质量和清晰度的情况下,把你的介绍性通道缩短,这样做。记住,你的文章开始是让读者进入文章的肉,但它的嘶嘶声并不是文章本身的肉,所以保持简短。

essay开头brainstorm写法|essay开头怎么写
如上所述,而你应该力求简洁,你不应该缩短你介绍这么多,它变得不清楚或不合理。例如,在你的肥胖文章中,你不应该缩短这句话:“In fact, childhood obesity is a global problem that is increasingly affecting rich and poor countries alike”。……这句话:“In fact, obesity is actually a big problem.”这句话并不能告诉整个故事,这篇文章是关于全球儿童肥胖的发病率上升,而不是肥胖对你来说是不好的。

理工学院推荐信样本

To whom it may concern:

In the capacity of professor at the Department of Economics who has instructed Ms. Janet Jackson in the course of International Economics during the academic year of 1991 to 1992, I am pleased to have this opportunity to introduce her to your prestigious MBA establishment. Janet was a stand-out student in my class. She received a very high score in my course and was ranked in the top ten percent of the class. In addition to being a professor, I am also a faculty advisor of the Department of Economics Student Council. It was in this capacity that I grew to know Janet even better. Although only teaching Janet for one course, I feel that I know her personality, personal attributes and attitudes through my contact with her outside of the classroom.

理工学院推荐信样本

Unlike most of her peers, Janet has demonstrated a great deal of independent thinking as a student at ABC University. For the courses in which she had a particular interest, she was fully devoted to excelling in those courses. I would go so far as to say that she was a perfectionist in this regard. Her only weakness is that in courses that she felt were less suited to her interests, she did not study has hard as she would perhaps have been able to do. I noticed that her performance was less than satisfactory in both statistics and calculus. This surprised me because Janet has strong quantitative skills as demonstrated in my international economics course. Her performance in this class was exceptional.

Janet perhaps stands out most with regard to her extracurricular activities. She was a varsity table tennis team player all four years she was a student at ABC. She represented the university in a national collegiate table tennis tournament each year. In 1990, she received a silver medal in the women’s singles tournament, and in 1991, she received fourth place in a women’s doubles tournament. Janet was also a member of the university’s debate team. As a freshman, she received the award for best debater in the intramural freshman debate cup. As I recall, she was also an editor of her department’s journal.

Janet has strong analytical, research and writing skills. I am very happy to see that Janet has had such a successful career development since her graduation from ABC. I believe that Janet will succeed in whatever endeavors she applies herself to and heartily recommend her to your university.

Yours truly,

Jerry Smith

Professor

怎样的留学申请文书才能得到学校的青睐

什么样的留学申请文书才能得到留学申请学校的青睐?这是很多留学生在留学申请的时候都会思考的问题,而问题却也在此,我们很多留学生同学都不知道国外大学老师们喜欢什么样的推荐信,所以小编为大家准备了这篇文章《怎样的留学申请文书才能得到学校的青睐》希望对大家有所帮助!

怎样的留学申请文书才能得到学校的青睐

申请文件无定式 彰显个性才会赢

俗话说,”文如其人”,对于从没有见过您的招生办主任来说,您递交的申请信就是您个人素质和经历的综合体现,它会直接影响您申请的成功率。

那么,您的申请信怎样才能在众多的来信中脱颖而出,成为招生学校的最爱呢?当然,最有发言权的还是招生主任了,且听他们是如何说的:

“写申请信没有一个正确的格式!…我们把它作为一个了解你是怎样一个人的机会 (而不是神秘的拷问方式),要有一点趣味,并且告诉我们激发你的东西是什么。那些用足够的时间来写作申请信的人经常会得到最好的结果;仓促就会得到什么也是显而易见的。”

-Jane Schoenfeld Washington University招生办公室副主任

“选定一个主题后,(在主题范围内)选择想写的东西,不是那些你认为我们想看的东西。费心费力想预知谁是你的读者是不对的。如果你真实地表达了自己,那么无论是谁,都会从积极的方面去的看的。”

-William T. Conley Case Western Reserve University招生办公室主任

“申请信是录取过程中一个重要的环节,成绩是骨架,申请信、推荐信、对课余承担的各项义务的描述是皮肤,这样才使申请者成为一个人。在我们的录取过程中,一封写得特别好的申请信会让申请者从后备者一跃成为被录取者,而一封写得差的申请信则意味着拒绝或等候–即使申请人有着突出的学业成绩。”

-Daniel C. Walls Emory University招生办公室主任

“我曾经目睹过一封申请信影响录取决定的事情。一些学生,通过技巧高超的写作和具有洞察力的内容,挽救了自己的命运。在这种情况下,申请信经常会明确传达出一些让招办的委员们喜欢的东西,在另一方面,一封潦草的申请信经常让人觉得写信的人写的面面俱到,但读完却感觉他或她什么也没有。”

-William T. Conley  Case Western Reserve University招生办主任

听了以上几位老兄的介绍,可知申请信在他们眼中有多重要了。

申请信没有固定模式可以遵循,固定模式反而会成为入学申请的桎梏。越是彰显个性、新颖别致、制作精良的申请文件,就越能吸引评审委员的注意力,为您在众多入学申请者之中占得先机。亚洲易网致力为留学申请者制作优秀的申请文件,留学海外多年的资深顾问深谙申请文件写作的技巧,他们会将您的要求以美式思维精炼成说服力极强的申请文书,展现在评审委员面前,会令人眼睛为之一亮,使您轻松获得他们的青睐。

我们网站不仅代写essay、还有assignment代写、report代写和留学文书代写服务哦,如果大家有什么不会写作的留学申请文书可以直接联系我们的客服哦!

coursework代写|The Externalities Involved With Market Failure

市场失灵发生时,在一个自由市场的资源分配是低效的。市场失灵发生在市场没有完全竞争的时候。造成市场失灵的原因有很多。市场失灵的主要原因是:
负外部性
外部性是指一个人的行为对旁观者福利的补偿的影响。负外部性的问题,如环境污染效应引起的社会边际成本(MSC)生产超过边际私人成本(MPC)根据下面的图:
在生产过程中,企业会造成环境的污染。污染对公众健康的使边际社会成本差(MSC)超过边际私人成本(MPC)。生产优化是在QS,MSB等于MSB。企业生产商品在QP,在MPB等于MPC。生产过剩不仅不会促进公共福利,但也会引起更多的对环境的污染。因此,市场将效率低下。

coursework代写

Market failure occurs when the allocation of resources in a free market is inefficient. Market failure occurs when the market is not in perfectly competitive. There are many reasons to cause market failure. The main causes of market failure are:

a) Negative Externalities

Externalities are defined as the uncompensated impact of one person’s actions on the well-being of a bystander. Negative externality such as the effect of environmental pollution can cause the marginal social cost(MSC) of production to exceed the marginal private cost(MPC) according to the diagram below:

In the process of production, the firms will cause the pollution of the environment. The pollution is bad for public health so that the marginal social cost(MSC) is exceed the marginal private cost(MPC). The optimum of production is at Qs, MSB is equal to MSB. The firms will produce goods at Qp, where MPB is equal to MPC. The excess of production not only does not promote the public welfare but also causes more pollutions to the environment. As a result, the market will go inefficient.

b) Positive Externalities

The positive externalities such as the provision of education and healthcare can cause the marginal social benefit(MSB) of consumption to exceed the marginal private benefit(MPB) according to the diagram below:

In a free market, the consumption will be at Qp where the private benefit equals to the private cost. However, this is socially inefficient because the social benefit is exceed to the social cost. Therefore, that is under-consumption(Qs-Qp) of the positive externality. The social efficiency will occur at Qs where the social cost equals social benefit.

c)Merit and Demerit goods

Merit good is a good that people do not realise its true benefit such as the people underestimate the benefit of education. The examples of merit goods are education and healthcare. These goods usually have positive externalities. Therefore, there will be a under-consumption of merit goods in a free market.

Demerit good is a good that people do not realise the costs of doing something such as smoking and drugs. These goods usually have negative externalities. Therefore, there will be over-consumption of demerit goods in a free market.

d)Public goods

The private sectors in free markets cannot profitable supply to consumers public goods that are needed to meet people’s demand. So that the public goods are generally provided by government.

e)Monopoly Power

Market that controlled by monopoly can cause under-production and higher prices than would exist under condition of competition.

f)Factor immobility

Factor immobility will cause unemployment hence productive inefficiency.

When market fails, the market will fall into position of inefficiency. It may cause unfair distribution of income and property to the public. Many firms increase the quantity of goods supplied in order to earn more profit. It may cause the pollution in the environment as the firms are not willing to protect the environment whenever they produce goods. Besides that, unemployment will occur because of the exclusion of labor by the machines when the firms are able to improve the productivity. There will be also an undersupply of public goods. The private sectors are not willing to produce public goods as the consumers do not need to pay for these goods so that they will not earn profit from providing the public goods.

To address these public issues, the government will execute some policies to solve the market failure such as imposing taxes on negative externalities.

In the diagram above, the marginal social cost(MSC) of production will exceed to the marginal private cost(MPC). The government imposed the taxes to the sellers and the imposition of taxes will increase the production cost of the sellers. Then, the supply curve(PMC) will shift to the left. The quantity of production will decrease from Qp to Qs where the optimum output is and the social welfare will be maximized.

New Mexico Legislature is supposed to increase the state cigarette tax from 75 cents to $1.66 per pack this year. The purpose of imposing the tax is to reduce the tobacca use and save lives. The increasing of tax will discourage people from smoking. Increasing the cigarette tax is one of the most effective ways to reduce smoking, especially among kids.

From the diagram above, the production of tobacca of marginal social cost(MSC) is exceed to the marginal private cost(MPC) and the output of tobacca of the sellers is at Qp. New Mexico Legislature imposed the cigarette tax to the output of tobacca of sellers. So that, the supply curve(S=PMC) of tobacca will shift to right. The output of tobacca will decrease from Qp to Qs as the tobacca tax will increase the cost of production of tobacca. As a result, the supply curve of tobacca will move to left and equals to marginal social cost(MSC). At this moment, the optimum output of tobacca is at Qs. The imposition of cigarette tax will reduce the output of tobacca and discourage people from smoking.

Taxes on negative externalities will raise the revenue for the government and reduce the pollution of environment.

The second policy that can overcome the market failure is to provide subsidy on positive externalities. The government provides subsidy to the firms to pay part of cost to them to encourage more production.

From the diagram above, the production of marginal social benefit(MSB) is exceed to the marginal private benefit(MPB). The government provided subsidy(P2-P1) to the firm to decrease their cost of production. As a result, the firm will increase the output from Qp to Qs. Then, the social welfare will be maximized.

Malaysia government plans to provide a subsidy of RM30bil to enhance primary and secondary school education nationwide which is one of the plans of Budget 2010.

From the diagram above, when our government provides a subsidy of RM30bil on education, the operating cost of school will decrease. Then, the school will have enough capital to build more facilities and provide more educational plans from Qp to Qs for the students. The students will get more benefit from studying. At this moment, the social welfare will keep increasing till the marginal social benefit(MSB) equals to marginal social cost(MSC).
coursework代写
The third policy is to change the property right. This will happen when the government gives the property rights to certain people such as the fishermen could be given the property rights to a river. When negative externalities occurred, the owners of property could sue a company who caused damage or pollution such as the fishermen can sue a chemical factory which polluted the river. It may charge some social costs to the chemical factory. The government pursued this policy to reduce the pollution of environment so that the negative externalities could be eliminated.

In addition, the government will also impose the laws and regulation to prohibit the unhealthy behaviour of people such as legalizing the age for smoking and banning on drunk driving. The laws and regulations must be simple and easy to understand to the public. Due to a reducing in negative externalities, the marginal social cost will decrease. So that, imposing the laws and regulations is also a policy to overcome the market failure.

For example, it is illegal in New Zealand to sell cigarettes and tobacco products to persons aged under 18. It is also illegal for a person over 18 to give a person under 18 cigarettes or tobacco products in a public place. Another example is sales of tobacco to people under the age of 18 are illegal in all Australian states and territories. The purpose of legalizing the smoking by both governments is to reduce the consumption of tobacca. It may help to decrease the negative externalities for improving efficiency of the market.

Finally, the other policy is to give the pollution permit. The government can give a pollution permit to a firm to limit his output. The more the firm produce, the more polluted the environment is. Therefore, the marginal social cost will keep increasing and market failure will occur. The government will give the pollution permit to the firm such as limiting the firm to produce only 100 units carbon dioxide per year. As a result, there is an incentive to pollute less and the negative externalities will be eliminated.

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出国留学生assignment常见问题及写作步骤

国外大学常见的Assignment怎么写?很多朋友都不知道怎么写好assignment,还有assignment的格式也是一个问题,为了方便大家写好assignment,我们网站为大家推出本文《出国留学生assignment常见问题及写作步骤》希望对大家有所帮助!
我们总结出Research Essay是高校常见的assignment。Research Essay的概念看似简单,但实际上一点也不简单。Research Essay引导你走进别人的研究并相互交流想法。撰写research essay涉及到资料搜集与整合你自己的观点。Research essay通常以需要被调研的话题或问题开篇。而以下便是research essay的几个简单的步骤。

出国留学生assignment常见问题及写作步骤

步骤一 选择一个话题。谨慎选择一个你感兴趣的话题。

步骤二 选择一个理想的题目。理想的题目是你有所了解的话题。这纯粹是个人的看法与观点。

步骤三 选择essay的写作模板。一篇完整的essay至少需要三部分——引文、正文及结论。引文部分非常重要,它能决定essay的水平,因为它是essay的前部分。读者正是通过引文部分来评判是否对essay感兴趣。此外,引文部分为你的essay打下行文基础,而你essay中的内容都应该以引文中所指示的为依据。

步骤四 构建essay正文。这部分应该详尽地论述你的话题。你应该在正文部分记下所有可用以支撑你的观点的论据。然而,仅仅记下并不足够;你需要详细、清晰地解释他们。每一个要点都必须不同,但同时必须与话题相关。

步骤五 提交论文。提交一篇一页的essay,并列出proposed essay的题目,简述essay的内容,并罗列出参考文献。论及目前你所遇到的任何问题。

步骤六 试想你的话题。一旦定好话题,你就需要运用你的智慧“试想”一下你的话题。你一定能够在脑海中想象你所论述的话题——撰写前必须先构思。这个话题是什么?你感兴趣吗?它有吸引力吗?你能构思出essay的确切部分吗?你脑海中有大致框架吗?

步骤七 尽可能地多问自己问题。记下你认为有用的问题。尽可能使你的话题概念化,那么行文便容易多了。

步骤八 设定现实的目标。你同时需要实事求是地看待你的话题。如果你对此话题只有较少的认识,那么你的首要任务一定是加深了解。

步骤九 着重点。Research essay的正文应该是你的着重点。正文通常都因话题的不同方面被不同的标题分割。决定正文需要什么标题以及标题的放置顺序并不容易。你必须审视你的话题并问问自己,“我应该用哪方面的内容来回答我research的问题?”这或许意味着你需要用一个部分来深入描述论点,用一部分回答与你意见相悖的人的问题以及用一部分来证实你的论点。

步骤十 结论。当你撰写结论的时候,总结一下你的research。

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essay开头brainstorm写法|essay范例介绍|essay代写

essay开头brainstorm范例集
导读:以下是一些国外优秀essay开头brainstorm的范例,由我们留学essay代写网整理提供,希望能够对留学生朋友进行essay写作起到参考作用,以期达到帮助大家学习进步的目的。

essay开头brainstorm写法|essay范例介绍|essay代写

1、动态系统开发方法探析
Introduction
Information systems modifications and routine enhancements is one of the most significant changes that could affects organizations productivity and performances in delivering high quality products and services, many organizations are concerned with problems of running applications that have been in operations for several years, these types of systems are known as the legacy types, a critical point .htmlin many of such old systems arrives when

i.High maintenance costs is been incurred.
ii.Use of obsolete hardware and software resulting in loss of profit and decline productivity.
iii.Improper documentations and lack of user support with the knowledge required to maintain such systems.
iv.Systems becoming problematic and incapable of handling requirement for change in the business environment.
All these factors combined results in the need to carry out overall changes in current systems used by most organizations. Some companies prefer to replace legacy systems with new ones, to achieve their objectives, however this may sometimes be expensive, therefore modifying existing ones is always a good choice. As Warren (1999) stated, ‘if you abandon a legacy system, you face a risk of losing vital businesses knowledge which is embedded in many old system’, (Warren, I.1999, p.120). If organizations eventually choose to continue maintaining the existing system, consideration should be given to implementing new features that will make the system more effective and efficient in accommodating changes in tasks and the business rules, also the system should incorporate new functional requirements and that the existing problems are corrected.

This report has been prepared as recommendations of an appropriate information system development methodology ISDM for quality Kitchen Company; it summarizes DSDM as an appropriate method and explains reasons with various issues to consider by the IT manager of quality kitchen in choosing this method.

2、系统发展探究
Introduction:
System developments can be done in several different ways, among these different approaches, two methodologies are especially important as they work as the fundamental system development approaches today. They are: traditional structured approach and object oriented Approach.

Traditional structured approach which was developed in 1970s became the dominant system development methodology in 1980s. However with the growing complexities of information system, the traditional approach has shown less competent in modern system development.

Since traditional structured approach has shown the inherit shortages when dealing with complex systems, which is the main trend of the current system. A new system developing method was introduced to better cope with the new system developing environment, that’s the object-oriented approach.

The following sections will provide a basic introduction of these two methodologies, compare their advantages and disadvantages. And finally a short discuss about the risks might involved in transition from traditional structured approach to object oriented approach

3、人机交互分析
Introduction
Nowadays, everyone is using software application to perform their tasks. Software application is being utilized in everywhere, be it in the public, within a particular organization or at home.

There is a study named human-computer interaction (HCI). This study is very important to enhance the effectiveness of a software application. It is a study of the interaction of humans with computers and to what level that computers are or are not developed for successful interaction with human beings. HCI tries to ensure that the interaction between human and computer are successful. Interaction between users and computers happens at the user interface, which include both software and hardware.

My final year project, Timetable Management System, requires a lot of interaction between user and the system. It is mainly because it requires many data from the user to generate the timetable or reports. Hence, in this seminar, discussions on a few important aspects will be included. Some brief overviews on the contents are such as introduction to HCI, importance of HCI, issues in HCI, theories and principles of HCI and types of User Interface. The main ideas of the contents are adapted from the book “Human-Computer Interaction” by Alan Dix, Janet Finlay and etc, published by Pearson Prentice Hall. Another main reference is “The Essence of Human-Computer Interaction” by Christine Faulkner which is published by Pearson Prentice Hall too.

4、库存管理系统的开发研究
INTRODUCTION
This project is on the design and development of an inventory management system which is part of the supply-chain Management. This system will attempt to solve issues with current inventory management systems in order to give businesses a better competitive edge.

The literature review will provide a detailed overview about Inventory management; why business need to manage their inventory, benefits and objectives of inventory management and best practice in inventory management. It will go on to further discuss what inventory management system is all about, a detailed explanation of the benefits, future of inventory management systems and talk about success of inventory management system.

In the review, various factors for implementing efficient inventory management systems were listed in order to understand fully how to design and develop a software solution for a company that would provide the best services and effective solution to their current problems. The report also discussed some challenges faced by most inventory management system in providing businesses with an effective solution.

As part of the literature review, a case study was carried out on Sahad Stores, a distribution company in Nigeria and a detailed investigation into their existing system was accomplished highlighting the problems of the current system. Based on knowledge gained from the literature review, a proposed solution was presented to resolve the issues with the company’s current system of inventory management.
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美国大学paper代写|美国大学paper怎么写|paper写作技巧

出国留学的留学生同学在写作paper的时候很是为难吧,paper格式本就麻烦,而且还是全英文的,很多刚到美国大学留学的同学都不知道怎么写,也不知道美国大学paper的格式,本文来为大家详细探讨探讨一下美国大学paper怎么写|paper写作技巧。

在美国留学的同学都知道,美国留学生作业一般都有格式的要求。比如说我们经常提到的论文参考格式有MLA、APA、芝加哥格式等。但是使用word写作时,我们的作业排版该如何?有没有格式呢?其实:一般而言教授布置作业的时候,会给我们具体的格式要求。不过,没有给出格式要求怎么办?那么我们就可以使用下列常规的作业格式。

美国大学paper代写|美国大学paper怎么写|paper写作技巧

美国留学生作业格式是怎么样:Margins, Spacing, and Font Size(边距,间距和字体大小)

First and foremost you should leave a marginal space of 1 inch from the top, bottom, left and right sides of the page. You can easily leave a margin space of one inches in Word by doing the following tasks:

首先你应该在页面顶部,底部,左面和右面分别留下一个1英寸左右的边际空间。你可以在word中通过以下操作进行页面设置:

(1)Go to the page layout option and click the margins tab.

进入页面布局选项,单击页边距选项卡。

(2)Click on the normal option, which is default to 1 inch space from all the sides.

点击常规选项,该选项默认为1英寸的空间距离。

Each and every line of the paragraph should be double-spaced. Proper line spacing can be achieved in MS Word through the following steps:

每一行的段落设置成双倍行距。行间距设置可以通过以下步骤在word中进行:

(1)Select the paragraph.

选中段落

(2)Right click on the selected portion.

右键单击选中的部分。

(3)Go to Paragraph.

进入段落属性设置。

(4)In the Indents and Spacing tab: go-to ‘line spacing’ option and select ‘Double’.

选中缩进和间距选项卡:选中“行间距”选项,然后选择“双倍”

Make sure that you use the Times New Roman font with size 12 to write your essay. This is a universal font acceptable in all academic papers. Don’t try to use a larger font to write less!

确保您使用Times New Roman字体、大小12的文字来写你的文章。这是一个学术论文可以接受的通用字体。不要试图用更大的字体而减少写作的字数!

美国留学生作业格式是怎么样:Headings(标题)

The heading should start with the top left corner of the page. Make sure that you have set the indentation to left-justified. The left justified option can be easily enabled in your MS Word software.

标题应该写在页面的左上角。请确保你已设置首行缩进。左对齐选项可以地在微软的Word软件中很容易启用。

The heading of the essay should follow a format which is:

文章的标题应该遵循的格式是:

(1)Write your name on the first line of the heading.

把你的essay标题写在第一行。

(2)Write your instructor name below your name.

下面写你的名字和导师的名字。

(3)Write the name of the subject and the subject code below the instructor’s name.

在导师名字的后面写上科目代码。

(4)Write the date of submission below the subject name.

在科目代码下方填写提交essay的日期。

An example heading could be:

例如:

Marc Stevens 马克·史蒂文斯

Dr. Thomas Daniels 托马斯·丹尼尔斯博士

Math 1005 数学1005

4 March 2014 2014年3月4日

One of the most ignored but the most important parts in essay formatting is the header. The first page of the header should contain only the page number. From the second page and further, the header should contain your last name and page number, both should be right indented.

最容易被忽视的,但最重要的部分是essay的标题。标题的第一页应该只包含页码。第二页,应该包含您的姓名和页码,两者都应该是正确的缩进。

美国大学paper代写|美国大学paper怎么写|paper写作技巧

Header formatting steps for first page:

第一页的标题格式的步骤:

(1)Go to the insert option.

进入插入选项。

(2)Click on the header tab.

点击标题标签。

(3)Check the different first page option.

检查不同的第一页选项。

(4)Click on the page number tab in the design tab.

单击页码选项卡的页码选项。

(5)Inside the top of page option select the right indented page number.

在页面的顶部选择正确的缩进页码。

Header formatting steps for second page and further.

标题格式第二页的设置步骤。

(1)Go to the insert option and click the headers tab.

选择插入选项,单击标题选项卡。

(2)Uncheck the different first page option.

取消勾选不同的第一页选项。

(3)Click on the page number tab in the design tab.

单击页码选项卡的设计选项卡。

(4)Choose the right indented page number style.

选择正确的缩进页码样式。

(5)Write your last name before the page number.

在页码前编写你的姓。

The MLA rule book says that the paragraphs should start by leaving a half-inch space at the beginning. To keep it simple, you can start your paragraphs after pressing the tab button. Make sure that each and every paragraph that you write should follow this format.

MLA规则规定段落应该先留下半英寸的开始空间。为了方便,你可以按tab按钮后开始你的段落。确保每一段都遵循这种格式。

(1)The title should come after the heading and should be center aligned. After writing the title, make sure that you press enter twice before starting with the paragraph. You can use the formatting symbol (?) option and check that there are two formatting symbols between the title and the paragraph. You can start writing the first paragraph after the title.

标题应该居中。写完标题后,按两次回车键开始段落。您可以使用格式符号检查格式的标题和段落之间的符号。

(2)Keep the text left aligned every time you start with a new line.

每次开始新的一页请保持文本左对齐。

These are simple college essay formatting guidelines that every student should follow in his academic age. The format makes the essay easy to read and comprehend for the reader.

通过上述对于美国留学生大学作业写作格式的讲解后,各位小伙伴们要记住在写作美国大学作业时需要遵循老师所规定的写作格式,这样既能够提高论文作业的可阅读性,也符合了老师对于论文作业写作的要求,进而能够获得更好地分数。

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