八月, 2016 - 留学生essay代写网

英国留学怎么写出受欢迎的essay

小论文essay什么意思?怎么写着一定是很多朋友想要咨询的问题,而本文将会为大家一一介绍。
essay是本科留学申请文书中的重要内容,被称为申请小论文,或命题作文。学校并不给出具体题目,只是指出大概方向,学生自己确定主题和写作。申请者要通过个性化的写作内容充分展示自己的与众不同之处。essay的题目和内容可以千奇百怪,但要主题突出,集中描写细节,展现自我特长和个性。

怎么写出受欢迎的essay

教育专员现场分享的两篇小论文中,一位学生写自己在中学期间组建过女子足球队,做过义工和其他一些社会活动,对学校的感情很深,自己的爸爸、爷爷都毕业于将要申请的这所学校。另一位学生的小论文的第一句话是“当同龄人进入青春期时,自己的青春期却迟到了”,迟到的青春期给他带来一系列烦恼,如同龄的男孩子会欺负他,别人开始萌发美好爱情时,他被更多女生看作弟弟,甚至连自己哥哥也用略带嘲讽的口吻问他,怎么还不长胡子。当迟到的“青春期先生”终于到来后,回首经历的一系列烦恼,他更多的是感谢这段经历,使自己更自信,更谦虚,更宽容待人。

“假如你是招生官,更喜欢哪篇?”面对教育专员的提问,现场学生和家长各抒己见。一位学生说喜欢第二篇,独特的角度,生动、幽默的语言,让人看到这是一个什么样的人,作者的性格品质跃然纸上。另一位男生则喜欢第一篇,觉得通过文字,可以看出这位学生开展了许多活动,有社会责任感。一位家长说,如果要招收工程、建筑等理工科类专业学生,可能倾向于第一个学生,因为其小论文似乎更有条理;如果要招收需要发散思维的学生,可能会考虑第二个。现场另一位学生认为两篇各有不足,第一篇只展示学生做了哪些事儿,却显示不出作者是个什么样的人。第二篇的故事可以看出他是什么样的人,却看不出他做了哪些事儿。还有位学生索性说会考虑两个学生,然后发邮件让他们补充故事材料。

面对学生和家长的议论,教育专员指出,这些正是学生写小论文时普遍存在的问题,总有很多担心,担心像第二个学生那样,只写一点,不能尽其言,担心招生官无法看到自己其他方面的优秀表现,担心很多要表达的内容无法写进去。最终,很多学生为“保险起见”,会像第一个学生那样,面面俱到,恨不得把自己所有参与过的活动都写进去。但招生官没有时间看一份面面俱到却毫不生动的essay,只会对第二篇显示的那种个性突出的学生感兴趣。招生官面对数千份甚至上万份申请材料,让学生补充essay的情况几乎不存在。

教育专员强调,在申请材料中,有一项要求学生填写参加过的各类社会实践活动,最多可填写10项活动内容,学生能在这里填写的活动内容,完全没必要写进essay中。Essay一般要求学生通过描写过去的经历,表现性格品质及观点。学生写作时要力求生动、新鲜、感人,真正出自自己之手,而不要像中介代写或包装过的文章那样显得过于完美。

report写法介绍|report代写

Report写作是很多同学都觉得头疼的事,那么report到底怎么写呢?美伦小编为大家带来这篇文章大家可以详细看看别人是怎么去写一篇report的。

report写法介绍|report代写
1.0 执行概要2
2.0 前言2
3.0 莫里森超市规模快速扩张的的方法和原因2
3.01 企业扩张方法3
3.02 以顾客为中心的方法3
3.03 莫里森规模扩张过程中所选择的方法的原因3
4.0 商业环境分析3
4.01 经济因素4
4 4.02 政治因素和法律因素
4.03 社会文化因素5
4.04 技术因素6
4.05 环境因素6
5.0 结论7
5.0 参考表7

1.0 执行概要
这份报告的目的是分析可能影响商业发展的各种环境。如今,企业发展过程中,不仅面临着内部环境的变化,也面临着外部环境的急剧改变,可以说,外部环境在商业的发展和企业成长的过程中也扮演重要的角色,尤其是跨国公司。因为经营环境对企业的影响是动态的和快速变化的,因此,分析商业发展变得越来越不同。在这份报告中,我们主要用细节出发的研究方法探索威廉·莫里森超市的商业环境。

Table of Contents
1.0 Executive summary 2
2.0 Introduction 2
3.0 The methods by which Morrisons has grown in size and the reasons 2
3.01 Enterprise expansion method 3
3.02 The method of customer-oriented 3
3.03 The reasons Morrisons might have had for choosing the methods 3
4.0 Business environment analysis 3
4.01 Economic factor 4
4.02 Political factor and Legal factor 4
4.03 Socio-cultural factor 5
4.04 Technological factor 6
4.05 Environment factor 6
5.0 Conclusion 7
5.0 Reference list 7

1.0 Executive summary
The purpose of this report is to analyze all kinds of environment which can influence the operation of business. Nowadays, not only internal environment but also external environment of enterprise play important role in the development of an enterprise, especially, for a multinational company. Because business environment influence on enterprise is dynamic and rapidly changing, analysis of business becomes more and more different. In this report, we mainly we use PESTLE research methods to explore the business environment of William Morrison Supermarket.

2.0 Introduction
William Morrison Supermarket is one of the largest chain store in Britain whose headquarter was located in Bradford, in England and it is usually called William Morrison Supermarket for short. In 1899, William Morrison, an egg and butter merchant created William Morrison Supermarket and it initially dealt with eggs and butter. In 1952, his son, Ken Morrison began to run the company and in 1958, William Morrison Supermarket became the first self-service store in Bradford and can price on its own goods. In 1991, the first supermarket of William Morrison Supermarket which was called Victoria was opened in Bradford( Fox, Vorley, 2004). Nowadays, William Morrison Supermarket is the fourth largest food retailer in UK and our business mainly is to provide customers with food, grocery and other goods. In addition, William Morrison Supermarket has more than stores already in British and still considers continuing its exciting expansion plan.

3.0 The methods by which Morrisons has grown in size and the reasons
We mainly discuss the methods by which William Morrison Supermarket has grown in size from the following two aspects: the one is the expansion method by merging or opening supermarket in foreign countries; the other is the method of customer-oriented.

3.01 Enterprise expansion method
Before 2004, William Morrison Supermarket only focused the market in north England. In 2004, William Morrison Supermarket opened a store in Scotland which is the first branch in a foreign country. After 2004, William Morrison Supermarket subsequently has acquired many enterprises which mainly were in other countries besides the UK. In William Morrison Supermarket acquired Safeway and became the fourth largest chain in the UK. In 2005, William Morrison Supermarket took over completes the takeover of three factories from Rathbones. From the above, we can know that merging or opening supermarket in foreign countries is a method which makes William Morrison Supermarket having grown in size (Klapper, Love, 2004).

3.02 The method of customer-oriented
Another method by which William Morrison Supermarket has grown in size is the principle of customer-focused. To make a difference, William Morrison Supermarket provides a distinctive offer for its customers including fresh goods; makes great food and offers good service: does well in customer relationship management.

3.03 The reasons Morrisons might have had for choosing the methods
Because William Morrison Supermarket is a supermarket, of course, it has its own operating characteristics and operating model. Therefore, William Morrison Supermarket will also choose the method for development and growing. In short, the method of merging or opening supermarket in foreign countries is the need of market expanding. In addition, if a company wants to succeed, it must carry out the principle of customer-focused.

4.0 Business environment analysis
In general, we also use PESTLE analysis method to explore the political-legal, economic, socio-cultural, environmental and technological (PESTLE) factors which are shaping the external environment in which William Morrison Supermarket is operating ( Poon, 2000; Carlin, Schaffer, 2012)

4.01 Economic factor
The macro economy has a profound impact upon enterprise’s business activity and enterprise faces the huge challenge with the change of the economic environment. However, how economy affects the enterprise and through what economic factors to influence the enterprise? Main economic factors include interest rates, inflation, unemployment, economic growth and other factors (Durnev, Kim 2005). Besides, economic reform has huge important to regulatory reforms (Eifert, 2007) and enterprise’s behavior.

William Morrison Supermarket is a British company, so Britain’s economy situation has important influence on its development and growing. For the moment, fiscal deficit is a big problem which the British government has to face. In addition, the British economy also faces other difficulties. First is the crisis of confidence from the top to the bottom, British consumers are reducing consumption and investment, which makes the economy lack of energy. And if the economy continues to recover, domestic demand and corporate investment must pick up. European debt crisis also affect British economy. The British national bureau of statistics’ data shows that the national per capita income has fallen by 13% since 2008. Hard economic times coupled with inflation, is the main cause of per capita income falls, which also lead to depressed consumption.

As a Supermarket, William Morrison Supermarket is under the influence of British macro economy, such as depressed consumption, inflation, European debt crisis and other factors, which can directly influence the operating and growing of William Morrison Supermarket (Yu, Ramakrishnan, Ramanathan, 2012),.

4.02 Political factor and Legal factor
Political stability and sound development are the solid foundation of a country’s development and prosperity, it can provide stability environment for the development of economic and social aspects. In general, we mainly take following political factors into consideration: political conflict, political uncertainty, arbitrary changes in policy and policy creep. Political conflict mainly includes war and sovereignty disputes. Political uncertainty mainly includes minority governments and coalition governments.

For William Morrison Supermarket, Britain’s political environment is relatively stable and didn’t take place some important political events. Firstly, the change of competent department in food industry influences the behavior of William Morrison Supermarket, which mainly engaged in food and other goods. Secondly, with the emergence and deterioration of the European debt crisis, Moody’s investors service, one of the big three rating agencies, down the British government debt ratings from Aaa to Aa1 On February 22, 2013. In addition, Moody’s investors service believed that government debt levels remain high and continue to increase, which will cause the government’s ability falling to cope with financial impact, and this situation is unlikely to change in 2016 years ago.

Finally, the British government refused to oligopoly and in March 2006, the British government bureau of fair trade did fair competition investigation, including Tesco, sainsbury and asda and Morrison.

4.03 Socio-cultural factor
Different social and cultural environment has important influence on the operation of a multinational company. An enterprise wants to operate well, it must consider following factors: demographics, lifestyle expectations, Changes in the composition of society, education and training. Demographics mainly include population, population density, ageing, life expectancy and infant mortality, size of households and consumer expenditures. Lifestyle expectations refer to luxuries become necessities. Changes in the composition of society refer multicultural, multi-faith, multiracial and multi-ethnicity. Education and training include literacy rates, vocational training, management training and other factors.

For William Morrison Supermarket, knowing well about social and cultural factors in eating habits in the UK is very important. Over the years, the British has been following trends in health and eating more fresh vegetables, fruits, fish and less meat has become the health beliefs of most people. So William Morrison Supermarket must following this belief and do they best to provide fresh and health foods and other goods for the British people. However, recent horse meat storm, which refers to beef products with horse meat not only involves health problems, professional level of food processing, retail and government regulators, but also seemly changed the British spending habits.

4.04 Technological factor
Technology factors include:basic technical progress will enable the enterprise make more effective analysis to the market and customers; the emergence of new technology will increase society’s demand of products and services; technical progress can create competitive advantages; technical progress can lead the existing product be obsolescence, or greatly shorten the product life cycle.

Because William Morrison Supermarket is a supermarket, product production process, the new sales channels such as technical progress will improve the performance. In terms of technology, because of the progress of information technology and electronic banking, shopping online is a main way of selling products. In addition, enterprise’s supply chain and customer relationship management which can communicate with supplier or customer about product price, quantity, quality and other things through internet are more and more popular and brings about huge convenience.

4.05 Environment factor
In terms to the environment of William Morrison Supermarket, nowadays, William Morrison Supermarket is the fourth largest food retailer in UK and our business mainly is to provide customers with food, grocery and other goods. The overall environment of William Morrison Supermarket is good. However, the British government refused to oligopoly and in March 2006, the British government bureau of fair trade did fair competition investigation, including Tesco, sainsbury and asda and Morrison. Because retail market in domestic large and medium-sized cities is saturated, and they are not allowed to enter new town and other places to develop local market in British, giant chains like William Morrison Supermarket faced with fierce market competition and have to choose to expand overseas.

5.0 Conclusion
In short, business environment has greatly influence on the growing and development of a company and enterprise should pay attention to analyze and evaluate it (Kennerley, Neely, 2003),. In this article, we through analyzing the methods by which it has grown in size and the reasons William Morrison Supermarket might have had for choosing the methods, mainly explore the business environment using PESTLE analysis method.

5.0 Reference list
William Morrison Supermarket, (2011), Annual report 2011.
Tom Fox, Bill Vorley. (2004), “Stakeholder accountability in the UK supermarket sector”, International Institute for Environment and Development, November.
Wendy Carlin, Mark Schaffer. (2012), “The Business Environment in the Transition”, CESifo Working Paper, No. 3934.
Durnev, A., H. Kim. (2005), “To Steal or Not to Steal: Firm Attributes, Legal Environment, and Valuation”, Journal of Finance, pp. 1461–93.
Klapper, L., I. Love, (2004). “Corporate Governance, Investor Protection and Performance in Emerging Markets”, Journal of Corporate Finance, pp. 703–728.
Eifert, B.P. (2007), “The economic response to regulatory reforms, 2003-2006”, University of California, Berkeley, Dept. of Economics, mimeo, September.
Wantao Yu, Ramakrishnan Ramanathan. (2012), “Effects of business environment on international retail operations: case study evidence from China”, International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, pp. 218-234.
Peter T. Ward, Rebecca Duray, G. Keong Leong, Chee-Chuong Sum. (1995), “Business environment, operations strategy, and performance: An empirical study of Singapore manufacturers”, Journal of Operations Management, pp. 99-115.
Mike Kennerley, Andy Neely. (2003), “Measuring performance in a changing business environment”, International Journal of Operations & Production Management, pp. 213 – 229.
Poon S. (2000), “Business environment and internet commerce benefit— a small business perspective”, European Journal of Information Systems, pp. 72-81.

report写法介绍|report代写
如果大家喜欢这篇文章可以分享或者收藏哦,如果大家有论文作业没写而自己又没时间时候不妨找我们美伦教育,成立七年已经累计为超过20000名留学生们代写作业,我们之所以能够发展到今天,都是因为在留学生大军中有这良好的口碑,绝对值得您信赖。如果有作业代写要求赶紧联系我们的网站在线客服吧。

management report写法详细介绍

一份好的management report不论是在学校或是在职场对你都是有帮助的,所以大家还是看看本文是怎么介绍management report的写法。小编也希望这篇文章对大家有所帮助!

management report写法详细介绍
从业人员必须能够:
1。确定一个合适的项目,他们的管理报告,在其可行性和相关性的组织,以及在人员和发展的关键问题。
2。计划和设计一个项目,演示了战略问题的意识,并有可能作出贡献的组织绩效的改善。
三.表现出令人满意的知识,现有的文献,当代的人员和发展的做法,以及在主题区域选择的管理报告的政策问题。
4。访问和解释数据从主要和次要来源在编译材料为他们的管理报告。
1。识别他们的管理报告一个合适的项目,在其可行性和组织的相关条款,以及在人才和发展的关键问题。
2。计划和设计方案,论证了战略问题意识和改善组织绩效做出贡献的潜力。
3。现有的文献表明一个满意的知识,现代人才的做法,开发和选择的管理报告主题区域政策问题。
4。访问和解释从小学和中学在他们的管理报告资料编制的数据源。
5。制定适当和正确的技术应用,如访谈、问卷调查、参与观察和文献分析等,为他们的管理报告收集数据。
6。分析已收集到的数据,为他们的管理报告,通过使用定性和定量的方法为适当。
7。从他们的管理报告中得出切合实际的结论和适当的结论。
8。以清晰、合乎逻辑、系统的方式,以说服关键决策者的优点,提出他们的管理报告。
9。准备一个计划,在合理的时间内实施他们的管理报告所提出的建议。
10。对他们的管理报告进行批判性的审查,并确定他们的项目可以更有效地进行的方式。
附录:
评分标准
该模块的总体标记标准为:
这个模块将通过提交一篇论文的20000个字评估。本论文将对以下标准进行评估:
本论文充分地定义了一个适当的和同意的问题或领域的调查。
该问题进行了检查,通过一个精心设计的和铰接式的方法。
完成了论文的执行工作。
的数据收集是适当的,并对数据进行了分析和评估,以一个适当的水平。
调查结果与主题领域的更广泛的理论问题有关。
学生们可以充分地思考和欣赏他们自己工作的长处和短处。
那个学生坚持大学的研究道德准则。
附录指南:硕士学位论文评分标准指南
分类等级关联性知识分析论证与结构创意呈现
区别
≥70%直接相关的题目:解决标题的含义和细微差别。采用适当的研究技术,方法和范式。结论包含独创性。广泛的知识明显,通过适当的应用,通过非常好的研究获得的知识。一个明确的、合乎逻辑的结果的质量的研究。研究原创,以研究问题为中心。连贯和逻辑结构的高度创造性的使用的研究,在理论模型(S)和所提出的论点。高度原创,表现出高水平的独立思想。研究、方法论和思想的独创性。优秀的书面论文具有广泛的参考书目。清明和机智的风格传达了一个高层次的权威的主题。
优点
60 – 69%直接相关的标题:能够解决的影响,假设和细微之处。有效运用良好的知识,并深入了解相关研究。一个很好的使用分析的证据,论据和研究进行,导致明确和清晰的结果,包含原始元素。连贯的逻辑结构,创造性地使用一个合适的论点和研究模式。独特的作品,包含了独创性的元素,在整个具有良好的独立思想水平明显。写的非常好的一个相当广泛的相关书目输送的清醒和在学科权威高水平论文。
通过
50至59%个直接相关的标题。充分了解相关材料,明确其重要性的应用。良好的分析基础上良好的研究。可能有一定程度的描述和分析的目的,可能并不总是清楚地保持一贯的连贯和逻辑的尝试,使一个连贯的论点。结构化使用适当的参数和研究模式。偶尔在这个层面上可能是一个缺乏连贯性和适当的研究。可能包含一些独特的或独立的思维与独创性的元素。工作将是健全的,可能有一些个人意见。具有可接受的参考书目的可阅读风格的合理写的论文。
失败
关于研究和完全缺乏原创性的50%大问题。只显示了一个有限的研究范围和方法的基本理解。在很大程度上是描述性的,几乎没有分析能力的证据。基本思路明显,但不支持独立的研究缺乏清晰度和连贯性。在很大程度上衍生,没有独创性的元素在证据。写得不好,表达不足,缺乏清晰,在书目中的不足。

management report写法详细介绍

如果大家有论文作业没写而自己又没时间时候不妨找我们美伦教育,成立七年已经累计为超过20000名留学生们代写作业,我们之所以能够发展到今天,都是因为在留学生大军中有这良好的口碑,绝对值得您信赖。如果有作业代写要求赶紧联系我们的网站在线客服吧,美伦一定会为你带来最好essay代写、report服务的。

report什么意思|report格式介绍

刚入学的留学生刚刚接触report这个新的作业方式肯定都不知道怎么写才好,国内的老师日常在教育课上也从来教过我们report写法。众多同学首次听见report写文章就绝对还搞不清楚状况。大家有福了这处我们给很多同学做个开始阶段的绍介:report就是英文报告陈述,学会计、金融、理工类的学生可能会经常碰到。那么report该怎么写呢?
report什么意思|report格式怎么写下面为大家介绍一下report格式以及一些常用知识。
1.结构方面:Report普通由Table of Contents, Executive Summary, Introduction, Body, Conclusion/Recommendation, Reference六局部组成。

2.语言方面:Report中,假如标题是如果你是某企业CEO或其它某个角色,可以运用第1称呼;假如没有这么主人公的如果,仍然不可以用第1,2称呼。请注意这点和Essay的差别。

3.内部实质意义方面:

1)Report实践性更重一点儿,少写理论,多接合实际事情状况剖析。对于某些Case Aanalysis的Report来说,必须要针对导师供给的Case来做剖析,而不是自由施展和滥用无关涉的理 论。全部剖析都务必针对Case里的内部实质意义来施行。 2)数值和图表的运用很关紧。假如用到某企业几年内的某一项数值的变动,可以先列数值表格,再用柱状图、馅饼图或曲线图施行直观反映。⒋加意问题: 1) Table of Contents,必须要用Word半自动生成款式。

2)Executive Summary,普通要显露出来“the basicpurpose of this report is to……”这么的微记性语句。普通来说,这局部主要绍介 这篇Report的研究内部实质意义、研究对象、研究目标 、研究意义等等一点赅括性的物品。

3) Introduction,在一篇Report中,Introduction局部相当于是一个Background,而不是赅括Report的内部实质意义。请注意与Essay的差别。Report中的Introduction不赅括文章内部实质意义;不绍介文 章结构(由于目次里已经有结构绍介了);只绍介Background。

4) Body,总原则“少写理论,多接合实际事情状况剖析”,不要空谈。依据要求具体剖析,用凭证支撑、用事情的真实情况讲话。列出题目、次级题目、有不可缺少时列出下一级题目。每段内部实质意义用简洁的语言 炼取出要领网站关键词,而后行诠释和论述。

5) Conclusion / Recommendation, 依据论文要求具体把握。

6) Reference: Reference 是导师最高看的,所以请一定加意!完全不可以显露出来编造的事情状况,必须要真实。海外对这个问题查得很严。一朝查出有作假或剿袭事情状况,会直接挂科,甚至于开革 学籍。普通来说,Reference里面含有两个局部,一种是in-text reference 也就是在文章里的reference,一种是在文章最终显露出来的reference, 也就是reference list。一篇论文一定要里面含有 文中的in-textreference日文末的reference list。论文有明确要求几个Reference的,依据要求来把握;没有明确解释明白个数的,普通依照每千字3-4个来操作。 Reference款式示明方法,普通论文要求中会明确提到。常用的Reference款式有: Harvard referencing system 哈佛文献标记系统 CMS: Chicago Manual of favor (CMS) 芝加哥写文章日文献示明系统: APa method:American Psychological Association. 美国心理学会写文章日文献标记方法 AMA:American Medical Association 美中医学会文献示明系统 MLA:现代文字学会写文章日文献示明系统 CSE: Council of Science Editors (CSE) 科学技术编辑理事会文献标记和写文章方法)

7) 字身子骨儿式:论文有明确要求字身子骨儿式、体积等时,依据要求来操作;论文没有明确要求字体体积等时,普通用用times new roman字体;12(小四);1.5倍行距;Word默许页边距;标 题文体可加粗;每段落之间空一行;每段直接写,无须空格;在每页的右下角插进去页数。

Report即指学术报告,一听“报告”两字,就知晓肯定风格特别正式。每篇Report都必须包括封面,封面内容要包括作者姓名、导师、时间、学科姓名等相关信息。完成了封面制作,report的第二步就是写目录(contents),我建议同学们在完成论文以前把此部分空着,因为你还没提笔写正文呢,目录就写好了?目录应该包括大小标题,页码等相关信息。第三部分就是Report的正文了,正文分为三个小部分:开头,内容和结尾。每个小部分的标题和副标题要加粗,正文内容建议使用小4葇諀Times New Roman字体。Report正文一定要严谨,既然是学术报告,则不建议同学们使用第1人称来表述。例如i feel,i think,non-publicspeaking等。专业性词汇要多加以解释,标明资料来源。例如报告中提到“只吃肉不吃蔬菜会导致癌症”,那么相关的解释说明是需要的,可以说从哪个白白报纸上看到的,仍然哪个大学的哪位博士提出的等等。开头部分的平常的写法为描画社会形态形态到现在为止的状态,对某话题进行研讨。然后写明该论文中将对哪部分进行解释、举例或分析等。中间部分要端绪明白,大多算学术报告不存在观点一说(例如你同不同意),所以不需要你有严谨的逻辑,只需要把每个学术名词解释清楚即可。最后就是结尾啦,必须不要在结尾部分加入文中从来没有提到过的东西。因为结尾的目的在于总结,而不是让你凑字数。既然是引用别人的观点,那么论文中一定要加上“reference”和“bibliography”。这两个单词是什么意思呢?自然产生的就是你引用资料的来源。因为预科学习中的网络资源比较多,所以我就给大家列出几个网络来源写法。Reference是需要体现在论文当中的,比如开头,正文或结尾部分。

譬如,你从谷歌中搜索出UF官网,从其中找到的资料出处(譬如UF公立预科入学雅思要求),那你在文中的reference则为:(UF,时间)。由于UF官网并没有此资料的时间,所以只消写“n.d.”即可。

例1:The IELTS requirement is 5.fivefor University First International Foundation Programme (UF, n.d.).

所以(UF n.d.)即为雅思要求的“网络出处”,称为文中的“reference”。

Bibliography 是需求表现出来在文末的,结末往后需求另起一页。每个reference对应一个bibliography,所以假如你的reference是UF雅思入学要 求,bibliography需求对应例1中的UF, n.d.,它的写法为大网站(譬如UF官网)+小题目+援用的文中的题目(斜体或下划线)+网址+你写此bibliography的时间

例2:Bibliography:

UF University First, Apply (n.d.),Encheck outRequirement for International Foundation Programme(斜体或下划线), Available at http://www.universityfirst.org/en/entry-requirements/ (Accessed 09/04/2015) 2015年4月9日即为你写此bibliography的时间,n.d.的意思是no date,即为此出处的刊发日子,由于UF官网上没有此时间所以为n.d.。

全部的reference和bibliography务必是英文网站,不行用百度,搜狐等内部实质意义,外国人可看不懂汉字。

report什么意思|report格式怎么写

pcsystems pcsystems
Assignment 1 – Topic: scanners

Date:
Student name:
Student number:
Tutor name:
academictime:

Abstract

This report investigates the present state of scanner technology and views the anticipated future advancements of scanners. a temporary history of the scanner and that its operation is initially outlined. The discussiat then makes a speciality of the benefits and limitations of the five main kinds of scanners in common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand-held scanners. The performance of those scanners is examined when it comes to 4main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic diversityand software. it’s concluded that extratechnological advances within the se 4spacesin addition to the deployment of latest sensor technology will continue to decoratethe popularof scanned images. this is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other forms of technology this type ofs cameras.
Table of contents
Abstract     i
1.0     Introduction     1
2.0     How scanners work     2
3.0     kinds of scanners     2
3.1     Drum scanners     2
3.2     Flatbed scanners     2
3.3     Sheet-fed scanners     2
3.4     Slide scanners     3
3.5     hand-held scanners     3
4.0     Scanner specifications     3
4.1     Resolution     3
4.2     Bit-depth     4
4.3     Dynamic range     4
4.4     Software     4
5.0     Future developments     5
6.0     Conclusion     5
7.0     Reference list     5
Appendicies     6
Appendix 1 symbolSensor Scanner     8
Appendix 2 regularlyUsed References     9
Appendix 2.1 Scanner Tips     10
Appendix 2.2 Scanners, cameras and Photo CDs     11
Appendix 2.3 the pcTechnology Guide     12
1. Introduction

the aim of this report is to survey the present state of scanner technology and to briefly talkpredicted advancements within the field.

By examining a form of newly published journal articles, magazine articles and websites at the subject of scanners this report describes the basickinds of scanners in common use today and views their performance when it comes to 4criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic diversityand software. The report then considers the effect of extratechnological advances within the se 4areas, in addition to the deployment of latest sensor technology at the longer term progressionof scanners.

the basicscanner, initially known as a ‘reading machine’, was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. The device mayscan printed material after which compare everyonealityto a suite of ordinarys in a matrix using, for the basictime, the “most efficientmatch principle” to figure out the unique message (Blatner, Fleishman and decayh 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to shapethe root for the developmentof curhirescanning, sorting and processing machines.

An early developmentat the reading machine wbecause the drum scanner. These scanners used one of those scanning technology known asphotomultiplier tubes (PMT). Drum scanners are still utilized in indusattempt today as a result of the highest of the diversityimages they produce. the developmentof smaller, more cost effective scanners this type ofs desktop scanners and scanners for domestic use the drum scanner because the choice of pcusers increased and pctechnology advanced.

Scanners can now capture images from all types of 2 and 3 dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised pcfiles that may be stored on a troublesome-drive or floppy disk. With assistance from expresssoftware, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the U.S.er. it’s now possible to deploy electronic acquisitidirectly to create a whole layout (including all graphic elements) from the similar computer. this implies manual stripping isn’t anyw not required (Scanners, cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invalucapable ofol for adding graphics and text to documents and feature been readily adopted by both business and domestic users.
2. How scanners work

A scanner is a tool that uses a lightsource to electronically convert a picture into binary knowledge(0s and 1s). This binary knowledgecan then be used to store the scanned symbolon a pc. A scanner recreates a picture by employingsmall electronic components known because the scanner’s ‘eyes’ (Scanner tips 2000). the kind of ‘eyes’ utilized in today’s scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic esuremeasure the volume of sunshine reflected from personpoints at the page and translate it to digital signals that correply to the brilliantness of eachpoint (Englander 2000).

To create a file at the pc that represents a color image, the scanner divides the picture right into a grid with msomebody points known aspixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of ‘eyes’, reads over the grid and assymptomsa host to eachpixel according to the basiccolour in that pixel, employinggreen, blue and red. as an example an aqua pixel can be saved as a host to constitutethe professionalpart of blue, green and red which represents the color aqua (Scanners, cameras and photo CDs 2000).
3. kinds of scanners

Tlisted here are five main kinds of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand-held scanners.
3.1 Drum scanners

Drum scanners were common prior to now, but they’re less common today as a result of advances in scanner technology. because in their expense, these machines are primarily utilized by professionals in industry, where they’re considered vitalas a result of the high-finishquality symbolthey produce and as they use PMT technology that is more complicatedthan charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and get in touch with symbolsensor’s (CISs). Drum scanners are trickyto operateand technicians functionthese scanners by strikingthe object to be scanned on a tumbler cylinder rotating at topspeeds across the sensor (Sullivan 1996).
3.2 Flatbed scanners

the most well liked scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. this kind of scanner is very versatile as it’s in a position toscan flat objects in addition to small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners functionby strikingthe object to be scanned on a tumbler window at the same time asscanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is findd to scan transpahireoriginals this type ofs slides or x-rays, and an automated document feeder is out there for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000).
3.3 Sheet-fed scanners

Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent times, particularly for small office or domestic use because the y seem to be affordable, can scan full-sized documents and are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). maximummodels of sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to triumph over the factorof manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. but the real process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner could lead to distortion because the picture to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). an additional limitation of sheet-fed scanners is that they are uncapable of scan three dimensional objects.
3.4 Slide scanners

this kind of scanner is findd to sam i able totems this type ofs slides that desirecareful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the scanning heads in slide scanners don’t reflect gentlefrom the picture, but rather pass gentlethrough it. this permits these scanners to sourceadvancedresults without distortions due to mirrorive light. so that you can scan small and detailed items, these scanners have numerous esureat the scanning head which produces a top of the diversityresult. Slide scanners have a tendency to be costlier and not more versatile than flatbed and she or heet-fed scanners because the y’re limited to simplyscanning slides and picture. These scanners, however, are well matched for make use ofrs requiring top of the diversityscans of huge numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000).
3.fivehand-held scanners

hand-held scanners are compact, portable scanners that are onlydragged across a page manually to capture a picture. These scanners are straightforwardto make use of and economical to buy; however, their use is restricted to text of as much as 4inches in diameter that doesn’t require a topresolution. because of this, hand-held scanners are unsuitable for colour images. an additional disgood thing about hand-held scanners is thon the U.S.er should have a mildhand when scanning or the outcomeing symbolshall be distorted (Scanner tips 2000).
4. Scanner specifications

The performance of a scanner can also be examined when it comes to 4main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic diversityand software.
4.1 Resolution

solutionis a measure of what number of pixels a scanner can sample in a given image. it’s used to explawithin the volume of detail in a picture (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). uppersolutionscanners are sometimescostlier and bring advancedresults because the y have got an idealer capatownto capture detail. Scanners have two kinds of resolutions: optical solutionand that interpolated resolution.

Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of what number of pixels a scanner ca really read. A curhiremodel desktop scanner typically has a solutionof three00 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999). which means this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it maysample 300 dpi in a single direction and three00 dpi within the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per inch in both directions. a fewscanners preventthe scanning head more regularlybecause it moves down the page, giving an optical solutionof three00 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more regularlyin a single direction doesn’t improve the results of the scan. the fundamental requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from picturesor other printed originals is an optical solutionof 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical solutionis 1200 dpi.

Interpolated solutionmeasures the choice of pixels a scanner is in a position topredict. A scanner can turn a three00 x 300 dpi sam i able tonto a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking outin-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have gave the impression of if it were scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the real ones scanned. this system is less exactthan optical resolution; but it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images.
4.2 Bit depth

Bit intensityrefers back to the volume of knowledge scanner records for eachpixel when converting a picture to digital form. Scanners differ within the quantityof knowledge they record for eachpixel within a picture. the most undeniabletypes of scanners only record knowledgeassociated withblack and white informationand feature a little intensityof one (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit intensityrequired for scanning photographs and documents is two4-bits, at the same time asslides, negatives or transparencies want a scanner without a less than 30-bits.

Thus for a scanner to sourcea top of the diversityscan with colour, a better bit intensityis needed. generally, curhirescanners have a little intensityof two4, this means that that 8 bits of knowledge can also be collected for the 3 basiccolours utilized in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). This topsolutionallows scanners to sourceimages with reference to photographic quality.
4.3 Dynamic range

Dynamic diversityrefers back to the measurement of the form of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and four.0 being perfect black. Colour flat-bed scanners typicallyhave a dynamic diversityof two.4. a form of this measurement is uncapable of professionalvide top of the diversitycolour scans. A dynamic diversityof two.8 and three.2 is suited for professionalfessional purposes and will also be present in high-finishscanners. a smartupperdynamic diversityof three.0 to three.8 can also be provided by drum scanners.
4.4 Software

A scanner, like all form of hardware, requires software. Typically the 2 most typical pieces of sentimentalware supplied with scanners include optical personalityrecognition (OCR) and that symbolediting software. Optical personalityrecognition software translates the tips recorded in a scan, tiny dots, right into a text file which will also be edited. symbolediting software allows the tones and hues of a picture to be manipulated for better printing and display. symbolediting also gives filters to use lighting tricks to scanned images
5. Future developments

the popularof scanned images is continuingly improving as characteristics this type ofs resolution, bit-intensityand dynamic diversityare enhanced and additionaldeveloped. More complicatedsymbolediting and optical personalityrecognition software progressioncould also be leading to advancedquality scans. Future advances are expected to result within the incorporation of specialised scanners into other forms of technology this type ofs the hotly developed camera. This device allows the U.S.er to take pictures of 3-dimensional objects similar to a popularcamera, except s opposed to employingfilm, the things are scanned by the camera in an identical process to the thrillctioning of a flatbed scanner.

The relatively new area of sensor technology within the type of a contact symbolsensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is predicted to decoratethe thrillctionality of scanners and the popularof pictures because it “replaces the cumbera fewoptical reduction technique with a single row of sensors” (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. 1). Developers have alin a positionbeen capable of professionalduce a CIS scanner that is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and less dearto fabricate than a popularCCD base device. However, the popularof the sam i able tos inferior to its counterparts. extraprogressionof CIS technology is had to decoratesymbolquality and colour, and so as to adclothethe factorof a limited 300 or 600 dpi.
6. Conclusion

This report has identified five kinds of scanners currently available. a feware primarily used for professionalfessional purposes this type ofs the drum scanner; others are used more broadly within the workplace and residential this type ofs flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialised purposes have even been identified this type ofs slide and handheld scanners. The performance of those scanners depends at their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic diversityand software. Scanners have improved significantly in recent times when it comes to weight, size, worthand speed, and the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is expected to sourceextrabenefits to those spacesin addition to to scan quality. The impact of those improvements is predicted to extfinishthe accessibility of scanner technology to a much broader diversityof users and that its suitskillfor a much broader diversityof purposes. when it comes to this, the way forward for scanner technology seems to illustrate to the convergence of diversetechnologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other forms of technologies this type ofs cameras, printers, and photocopiers. this will also be expected to continue with other types of technology at the side of extraimprovements to symbolquality, speed, price, size and weight.

7. Reference list
Anderson, D. the pcGuide. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm].
Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Roth, G. (1998) Real globalscanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA.
Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of pchardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272.
Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing datatechnology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145.
Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What’s now …What’s next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00
Prepress, scanners, cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. 6/4/00
Scancushyscanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00
Sullivan. M. kinds of scanners. [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00

report什么意思|report格式怎么写

如果大家有论文作业没写而自己又没时间时候不妨找我们美伦教育,成立七年已经累计为超过20000名留学生们代写作业,我们之所以能够发展到今天,都是因为在留学生大军中有这良好的口碑,绝对值得您信赖。如果有作业代写要求赶紧联系我们的网站在线客服吧。

个人陈述重点在于个性化

个人陈述是留学三文书中一种文书,是留学申请中必不可少的,为了帮助大家写好留学文书美仑小编为大家整理了相关资料为大家准备了这篇文章,希望对大家有所帮助!

个人陈述重点在于个性化
你已经花费了很多年的心血,完成了大学甚至是研究生的学习,你甚至可能又在随后的工作岗位上积累了更加宝贵的经验,现在又通过艰苦卓绝的努力成功地考过了IELTS、TOEFL和GRE。然而,你的任务并没有结束。你必须静下心来,有条不紊地处理多种文件,这其中个人陈述ps则是重中之重。需要忠告所有的留学申请者:必须抓住机会,充分且恰如其分地表现你的人格魅力、智慧和已取得的成就。写一份个人陈述要花大量的精力,单决不能草率从事。
怎样真正地把此项工作当作重中之重呢?并不是让你赶紧去买一本所谓范例或者网上找一篇范文然后照着抄,而是要借此机会严肃、认真和全面地审视自己的才能、潜能以及出国留学的目的。这种对自己的能力、向往和追求的透彻了解是写作个人陈述的基础。根据小编在国外求学、工作的朋友和我谈的经验来看,可以这么说,在写好个人陈述这件事上,中国留学生可以说是遇上了一个深层次而且是重大的文化差异。其中所谓“深层次”就是说这个差异不是西方人喝咖啡中国人喝茶、西方人称“Darling”而中国人称“孩子他妈”那样简单。
国外许多的大学录取评审者非常重视求职者、求学者对自身是否了解以及对自己的前途和目标是否明确。在他们的文化中,这样的自我了解被视为是人的素质中很重要的一部分。同时,他们也十分重视对此作出个性化表达的能力。我并不是要讨论文化问题,而是力求以最短的篇幅给申请人以最大的实用指导。切记不要把写作个人陈述一事当作官样文章而草率应付。国外教育机构的官僚主义常常更甚于我国,但要求写个人陈述,的确不是官样文章,而是给申请者一次表现自己的机会。请大家切记个人陈述要点个人陈述一定要写出自己的个性。
怎样判断个人陈述是否表达了自己的个性呢?最简单的办法就是看第二个人是否能写出一样的或是差不多的内容。真正富有个性的自我介绍是不可能与其他人的自我介绍雷同的。尽管有许多人有着看上去类似的求学、求职经历,但是每个人对学习、工作、事业和他人的感受应该是独特的。即使两个人所有的学习和工作经历都相同,也都计划去同一个领域深造,但是引发他们对该学科感兴趣的外部事物和内心感受也必定是有区别的。所以,在我们谈到写作个人陈述其他注意事项之前,首先要求申请者要独具创意。在写作时认真而全面地审视自己的方法就是默默地自问如下问题:
1. 对所要申请的学校和专业是否有了深入、细致的了解;能否做到在写个人陈述时紧扣学校和专业的要求及特点,突出自己的申请优势?
2. 我的人生经历中有什么独特的、非同寻常的地方?在我的家庭生活和社会生活中有哪些人或事件影响了我的人生观和事业追求?这些影响有什么与众不同的地方?
3. 我最初是如何对目前所选专业感兴趣的?我在其后的岁月中又是如何加深了对这一学科领域的认识的?我在这一领域已经取得了什么样的成绩?是什么因素使我相信自己能够在这一领域有所建树?
4. 在上学期我从事了哪些助教、助研、社会实践或暑期工作?通过这些活动在什么方面得到了提高(比如科研能力、组织能力和领导能力等)?在步入社会后的工作中完成过什么项目?取得了哪些成就?表现出何等才干?
5. 我最终的事业目标是什么?
6. 我多年来的考试成绩有没有需要解释的地方?比如:大学成绩一直很优异,但GRE成绩却不怎么理想;高年级的成绩是否比低年级的成绩有显著提高?
7. 在自我奋斗的过程中是否需要克服超常的困难,如家庭生活贫困、身体残疾等?
8. 我是否具备杰出的品格,比如诚实、可靠、善良、刻苦等等?对此我能否提供真凭实据来加以证明?我是否具备值得一提的优秀的工作习惯和态度,以及品质上的优势。
9. 我具备什么样的特殊才能,如分析能力、领导才能和交流才能?我为什么比别的申请者更具有在事业上成功的把握?
以上内容就是本文围绕如何写出个性个人陈述ps这个问题做的介绍,通过我们的介绍,现在大家对写个性个人陈述ps应该有了更加细致的了解了。希望大家餐开了本文以后能写出自己和校方满意的个人陈述ps。

个人陈述重点在于个性化
如果大家在出国留学中有什么文书没有时间的可以来我们美伦,美伦到一定会帮你解决你的难题,大家在国外生活中有什么essay论文作业没有时间写,美伦也可以帮你完成,美伦会为你的留学保驾护航的。

美国留学研究生奖学金申请简历介绍信

在申请美国研究生的时候需要准备的申请材料有很多,其中个人简历对于美国奖学金的申请也很重要,那么在写作申请美国研究生简历时需要注意哪些内容和格式呢?下面就来看看具体的问题解答。

美国留学研究生奖学金申请简历介绍信

申请美国研究生简历申请奖学金资助中必不可少的一项材料。申请大学入学与奖学金资助,要准备一份合适的个人简历。在美国,个人简历就好像一个人的经历提纲一样,使审阅人很快对申请人有一个认识的框架,然后会根据推荐信、读书计划以及其他材料再进一步了解申请人各方面具体情况。个人简历的最大特点就是有很强的针对性,一个人可以根据不同的需要和申请目的有十几份甚至几十份不同的简历,申请奖学金资助的个人简历就要专门为申请奖学金资助来写,包括一切有利于申请奖学金的各项内容。通常来说,申请奖学金资助的个人简历内容应包含所学课程、所获奖励与荣誉、工作经历、发表论文、英文及其他语言水平、个人研究兴趣等几方面内容。

美式简历划分为四大部分:

个人信息:在简历的顶头正中央处写明自己的姓名,并用大写加黑体标出。并且姓名下面写清自己的永久居住地址、邮编、电话和常用的电子邮件地址。另外,在简历的个人信息的写作中绝对不能用缩写。

教育背景:申请人一定要以编年体的形式写清楚自己的教育背景。标明自己原来所毕业的院校的名称、在校学习的年限、授予了什么学位以及在校期间读了什么专业的学位。

工作背景:这一部分是美国大学教授最看重的一部分。在这一部分里,申请人要以从近到远的时间顺序表明自己所就职的公司的名称、职位、以及就职时间。另外更重要的是要以最简明的语言写出自己的工作描述,语言简洁并不意味着含糊不清,同时申请者要把自己的工作成绩详细的写明,最好以数据来作为支持。另外,每一项的工作描述不要超过两行。只有这样,美国大学的教授才会更加准确的判断申请人的背景、技能、兴趣、职业目标,并且判断申请人是否能给其所带的项目做出贡献。

美国留学研究生奖学金申请简历介绍信

其他支持性信息:以最短的文字说明自己在上学期间或在工作期间,是否参加过一些公益性活动或获得过什么奖项。这一部分不用写太多,保证简历在一篇内完成即可。

通过上面对申请美国研究生简历内容和格式要求的介绍,相信对于很多计划申请美国奖学金的人有所帮助。

写美国留学推荐信时需注意

美国留学文书是留学申请中的重要文书,为了写好留学申请文书想必大家都是用处了洪荒之力了吧,但是每年留学的人有那么多,千军万马过独木桥也不过如此罢!所以为了留学申请能引起审核官的认可得从细节上下手,本文为大家介绍了美国留学文书需要注意的事,大家可以参考参考。

写美国留学推荐信时需注意
应当适当提及自己的“缺点”
一封推荐信如果阐述的完全是被推荐的同学的优点,不免让人觉得有粉饰之嫌,如果能恰当地加入一些“缺点”,不仅能令推荐信真实,还会通过“似贬实褒”,反而突出了被推荐人的特殊气质,所以在推荐信中的要适当的加入一些缺点但缺点也不要写太多了。想想大家都在写自己的缺点,而你却提及了不算缺点的缺点。这样审核官对你的文章一定会多看两眼的。
例如计算机专业、数学专业乃至金融专业的同学,在推荐信中可以考虑加入这样的词句:“该生有时因为过分专注于研究工作而难以平衡生活各方面的关系,这不失为一种美中不足”。这句话似乎是在谈“缺点”,但很明显这样的“缺点”其实正是很多专业最渴望的“缺点”——废寝忘食的工作态度,从而使得“缺点”也为申请提供了巨大帮助。
推荐信里的缺点不要针对自己的专业
可以考虑针对你的专业, 不注重的地方, 写一些缺点。比如你以后是要做研究的, 你就不能说自己没耐心, 不注意细节,或者以后你是要跟人打交道多的, 你就不能说自己不善于和人相处, 交流等等,在这里小编为大家提一点建议,还是那句话提及一些不算缺点的缺点。推荐信里的缺点不要影响你所学专业,但是要看起来要真实一点,而且不能跟你其他部分写的有矛盾。
在推荐信中不要用尽所有表现人类美德、才华和优秀的形容词,却没有一个具体例证。在推荐信中适当提及缺点是非常有必要的,但是这个缺点最好不要针对自己所学的专业。

写美国留学推荐信时需注意
以上就是美仑小编为大家整理的有关美国留学文书需要注意的地方了,切记最好是提及一些缺点,但是要适当,如果大家没有时间写英语论文作业和其他文书的同学可以来我们美伦,美伦教育一定会竭尽全力为大家写出一篇好的英语论文作业。

留学Essay写作原则讲解

美国留学个人陈述怎么写才能让人眼前一亮呢?其实个人陈述写作没有我们想象的那么困难,只要坚持下面个人陈述写作的六个原则,你一定可以在申请者中脱颖而出。

留学文书写作原则讲解
1. 专业
你在你的个人陈述和RL里首先要写大量的专业性的东西,并且在写RL的时候尤其要以指导老师的口吻写很多你做实验的细节性的东西,并且说你如何解决了一些决定性的问题。因为谁都可以说自己做了什么什么很难的东西,可是如何让对方信服,就看这些细节性的东西了。
就象去骗签证官,如果你无法说出一两个专业名词的话,即使有大学毕业证书证明你是哪所学校什么专业毕业的,也不能让签证官相信你确实是去美国上学,而不是去打工或移民什么的。因为任何文件都可以造假,而你的思想是造不了假的。你要尽量把你的思想给反映出来。道理是一样的。
你一定要记住,美国的大学之所以给你奖学金,求着你去学他们的理工科专业,并不是因为你的英语学的比美国人好,GRE考的比美国人高,或是想给中国免费培养人才,而是你能为他们做实验,能给他们出文章,你在美国攻读学位期间所做的工作将会或大或小的为美国的经济发展做出贡献,尽管也许一时还看不出来。所以,专业原则是最重要的一个原则。
你可以在写作的时候出一点小错误(当然最好是没有),也许你的辞藻不是很华丽,但是,这些小纰漏都可以原谅,我相信美国大学的录取老师不会就这些表面的东西抓住不放,因为你的母语毕竟不是英语,但如果你对自己的专业一无所知的话,这就不可原谅了!
2. 个性
我相信申请出国的大多数人都不是牛人。当你不是牛人,无法向对方吹嘘自己是多么的聪明的时候,你就必须向对方展现自己的个人魅力。当你坐在计算机前开始写作的时候,你一定要想清楚自己是什么样的人,自己有什么优点。如果你不能让对方相信你的聪明和爱因斯坦是同数量级的(这种人指的是毕业于名校,GPA在3.8以上),那么你就应该让他相信你的勤奋或是坚韧的毅力与阿甘相比有过之而无不及,——–当然你也可以想出你的其他优点。
不过,你也不要把我的意思弄拧了,我并不是说,你不能说自己是聪明的,而是说,你或许可以着更多的笔墨在你的勤奋上。毕竟,聪明仅仅是成功的一个因素,而你的毅力,合作力等等可能是成功更重要的因素。你应该善于揣摩对方的心理,要知道,不管是中国的导师还是外国的导师都希望自己的学生把大部分时间花在实验上,而且做事要有责任心,要有百折不挠的勇气,而有时聪明的学生可能这方面做的并不很好。
3. 优势突出原则和实话
这两个原则本来都不想写,因为觉得谁都应该知道的,可是考虑到可能还是有人没能明白这个原则,所以还是得写。我丈夫就是这样的。他的第一篇PS给我看了,他谈到了他父亲的死对他的影响,谈到了要为中国的富强做出贡献(看的我好感动),可是他对自己人生的闪光点却只字未提。我对他说要重写,而且第一篇一个字也不能保留。他的PS应该是这样的:他于某某年以全年级第一名的成绩被保送到北京大学化学系(并且此时要注明全年级有多少人),并且北京大学是全中国排名第一的大学。
又因为在北京大学学习优秀,在多少多少人中脱颖而出,在某某年获得年级或系里的奖学金。并且又于某某年因为在多少人中排名多少名,被著名的北京大学保送到著名的中国科学院读研究生,等等。下面的就不用我说了吧,反正你曾经获得过什么奖励,获得过什么特殊的机会是一定要写明白的。
对了,还有你的最有说服力的优势,就是你发表的论文。你的文章是在什么杂志上发表的,这个杂志有没有被SCI收录,SCI影响因子是多少,也一定要写清楚。这可是重头戏,对你的录取有极大帮助。所以大家千万不要小看你的文章,而且如果有可能的话,尽量往国外杂志上发。
然后是实话原则。从小在中国的政治课中教育出来的中国学生们喜欢喊口号,回忆一下我们上的作文课,语文老师谆谆教导我们写作文立意要新,眼光要高,最后都要归结为要为四化做贡献这样的大而宽的主题中去。可是,有谁能真正相信自己学习的最内在的动力是为祖国做贡献呢?写PS的时候不是展现你的爱国心的地方。一个一直在社会主义下成长和受教育的人尚且不会相信你拿学位的最大动力是因为爱国,更何况是一个西方思想的老外?
所以你宁可把自己讲的普通一些,也不要给别人留下不诚实的印象。不过,你一定要谈你学习某某专业的动机,最好也最普通的动机是你的兴趣,或是你对未来事业的设想,但是,不管你写什么,你一定要让对方相信这确实是你最内在也是最直接的动机。—–既然写了,就一定要写的象些。
4. 自信原则
美国人喜欢自我表现,他们喜欢自信的人。不管你是写个人陈述,还是去见签证官,或是以后在课堂上做presentation,你都要牢记这个原则。所以自信原则是贯穿于你的PS始终的。你要象展示你的传家宝一样自信的向他们展示你闪光点,也要以expert的语气大谈你做过的课题。所有你的这些语气,都会为你赢得不少分数的。
5. 清楚
所谓的清楚原则,就是你的个人陈述中没有任何有疑问的地方。就象写专业论文一样,如果有缩写,在出现的第一次,你一定要写出它的全称,打个括号写上缩写(当然是除了众所周知的,譬如GRE,TOEFL之类的)。如果你拿过奖学金,一定要象我在优势突出原则中写的那样,要注明是在多少人的竞争中拿到的。并且,你上的大学排名多少也一定要注明。因为外国人是不可能非常清楚地了解中国大学的情况的,所以你一定要给别人留下清楚的感觉。这样,你的才华才不会被埋没。

留学文书写作原则
6. 简洁
这个原则来源于我看到的OF156表上,申请学生签证时必须填的学习计划。以后大家会看到,这一项中给的空格特别小,估计也只够写下30-40字的,而学习计划则是多么庞大的一个课题啊!老公不禁抱怨美国人小气,那么节省纸张。其实,美国人倒不是为了节省纸张,而是为了节省时间。不会有人会有时间去看你的冗长的叙述的,所以你一定要写的简洁。我认为一篇PS以一张半A4纸为宜,最多也不能超过两页。
一封RL也就一页纸。但是,你在这么少的篇幅里一定要写出你的个性。如果能用一句话写的,千万不要用两句话。有效的用一些同位语插入,缩短你的篇幅,当然这是以句子流畅为前提的,不要把文章写的象GRE的阅读那么晦涩难懂。每段开头最好有一个topic sentence,这样让看的人可以最快的抓住主题,不要让人家看半天也不知道你想说什么。反正要用最短的篇幅反映最多的内容。
譬如说我给老公在OF156表上写的学习计划是这样的:某某领域,在中国正方兴未艾,而美国某某大学的某某教授是这个领域的领头羊,我相信我在某某大学学习这个专业一定会对我回到中国后,在这个领域的发展起到巨大的促进作用的。基本上两句话就够了,既说明了你学这个专业的目的,也说明了你为什么回国。
以上就是给大家分析的美国留学个人陈述怎么写,具体的写作还要靠大家去自己把握。个人陈述写好后,最好给英文好的人看一下,再请自己专业的人看一下。多找几个人最好。

留学生论文总结写法

学校为了培养学生综合运用所学知识和技能的能力,一般都会要求撰写毕业论文,毕业论文的好坏可以说直接关乎能否顺利毕业。经历了种种磨难,终于到了论文收尾的时候,可是论文的总结可是不能乱写一通的,那样会影响论文的整体质量。那么如何写毕业论文的总结?论文总结怎么写?
美伦教育指出总结是一篇论文的结尾部分,是围绕本论所作的结束语。是以研究成果为前提,经过逻辑推理和论证所得出的最后总结。论文总结基本的要点就是总结全文,加深题意。总结写作要求必须简明扼要、逻辑严谨、表达准确,而且还必须有条理性。在总结中应明确指出论文研究的成果或观点。
留学生论文总结写法
毕业论文总结的写作要求
①论文的总结位于论文正文的最后一章,需单独排写,不用加章号。
②论文总结的字数一般600-800字左右.
③论文总结应包含论文研究的成果或观点,并简单描述研究中存在的不足,为他人继续研究指明方向。
④论文总结应起到结束全文的作用,一般不要提出新的观点或材料,这是它与论文摘要的不同之处。
留学生论文总结写法
英国论文网表示总结应是整篇论文的结局、是整篇论文的归宿,而不是正文中各段的简单重复。一份付出了巨大努力的论文,各部分都要精益求精才能撰写一部出色的论文。可不能因为总结而导致前功尽弃。如果您对论文写作有任何疑问,都可以直接咨询英国论文网在线客服,我们会依据您的要求和自身教育情况,为您量身打造专属您的论文,助您轻松完成论文写作。
英国论文网源提供专业论文写作、留学文书撰写、语法校正、学术翻译,还提供Turnitin检测保证文章100%原创,作为Turnitin检测官方合作伙伴,支持多次提交保证100%不被收录。为了更好更全面的提供服务,优易论文还提供长达2个月的免费论文修改服务。英国论文网旨在为您的留学生涯保驾护航。

美国留学申请文书需注意的细节

美国留学的时候留学文书最是让人伤透了脑筋,不知道为了这留学文书杀死了多少脑细胞。如何在短短的留学文书中给AO留下好的印象?想必莘莘学子都是八仙过海,各显神通。难免其中有人想出奇制胜,写些极端或者偏激的话题来吸引眼球。个人认为有些话题还是要小心处理,以免偷鸡不成蚀把米。

美国留学申请文书需注意的细节
1.、Drug use\Time in Jail
美国各大学每年都有令人头疼的各种校园犯罪新闻,而申请人在未进入大学已经有这些可能为学校带来负面影响的经历,如果申请人有一些负面影响就需要注意了,我想每个AO都不会选择如此“impressed”的候选人。
2、 Heroism
虽然美国大片很喜欢展现个人印象主义,超人、美国队长、蜘蛛侠、蝙蝠侠等等形象深入全世界。毕竟电影是虚构的,现实中大学AO是不喜欢看到过多宣扬个人英雄主义的文书。很多申请人会写自己如何独力获胜足球比赛或者改变一个朋友的人生,难道你不觉得谦虚和礼让不比狂妄自大更讨喜吗?所以还是得多谢谢谦虚合作的文字,这样的文章AO才会喜欢。
3、Social, Religious or Political Lectures
这种题目要非常小心,你可以谈论如克隆、枪支管制、宗教信仰之类的话题,但不要在文书中明确表明对或者错这样绝对的观点。因为你不知道阅读你文书的AO,他们的看待此事的态度是否与你相悖。一不小心,你的观点可能就会引起他们的不舒服甚至反感,因为这属于原则问题,不是无关痛痒的娱乐话题,所以对某些事情不要明确的标明你个人的看法。
4、Travel Journal
旅行会丰富你的生活经验,深挖细写是可以成为一个美妙的申请文书。然而,这种过多申请人写的话题若是没有处理好,就会成为一篇流水账,因为很多留学申请者都爱写这一方面的文章,切记不要大众化。你要做的不仅仅是突出事实,而应该深入分析的一个有趣的经验。比如你去美国玩一圈,你能具体分析某些细节吗?比如美国超市可乐价格与中国超市可乐价格的差异,或者美国特有的In & Out 为何比麦当劳好吃等等。切入点可以很小,但一定要有细节描述和自己的想法。
5.、Excuses
也许你用一些糟糕的经历作为切入点,如亲人病故、父母离异、生病辍学等,你可以描述这些事情发生后的感受,以及如何克服各种沮丧的情绪。但千万不要描述因此成绩滑落、离家出走或者做了其他一些错事坏事,因为这样AO会认为你在为自己的不良行为找借口和托辞,这不是一个思想成熟的人应该有的做法。

美国留学申请文书细节
6.、List of Accomplishments
申请表上大把空位让你罗列自己获过什么学术性或者非学术性的奖项、参加过什么义工活动、社会实践、有什么兴趣爱好等。千万不要在申请文书上再重复罗列这些事情,这样只会让你白白浪费一个展现自己的机会。切记,一个乏味的活动清单绝对不是一篇好文章。

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