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论文中的索引怎么写?

一个索引,能让阅读者更高兴的阅读你的文章,是对可读性和更长的纪实作品,技术文章和书籍的可用性至关重要。它是在文字中的关键词和概念的字母序列。它包含“指针”的那些词语和概念,这通常是页面,段,或段落编号。它通常出现在工作结束。大楼内不必是件苦差事,但它不应该是一个事后的想法,无论是。做一个索引是有用的,全面的为你的读者是很重要的,但并不占用太多宝贵的研究和写作的时间。那么论文中的索引怎么写呢?如果你认为它可能,不要担心!你可以聘请专业作家的索引写作指导。

论文中的索引怎么写

确定需要被编入索引的内容。有几个因素必须在任何文本索引,包括:
这本书的全部文本,包括引进和任何内容的笔记
如果脚注和/或尾注继续或扩大上的文字,他们应该被索引。然而,如果脚注和/或尾是源引文,它们不应该被索引。
根据不同领域,你可能需要每天指数笔者在文命名。请与有关此规定的发布者。它可能会出现一个单独的作者索引,或者被包含在你的总指数。

认识到什么不能索引。一个很好的指标是有选择性的,并非详尽无遗。不要指数东西,是不是中央的或重要的概念或关键词。
避免索引轻微提及。例如,如果一个名人的名字已经在报价被提及,但在文中没有讨论其他地方,这个人的名字是不是指数,值得。问问自己:是有什么实质性的阅读有关文本中的词或概念?如果答案是否定的,它并不需要被索引。
不包括扉页,奉献,金石,插图和表的名单,并确认在索引中。
不包含在索引词汇表或书目。
这样做的人,地,事,或者只是用来作为例子或简短提及的概念不是索引名。
一般情况下,不索引说明的项目,如表格,图表,图片等

确定哪些将成为您的输入。在索引的条目是主要概念和关键字,读者很可能在要搜索的文本。项由标题(或主标题),子条目,交叉引用,和定位的。
例如,在一个索引一个完整的条目可能是这样的:冰淇淋,品种:柠檬,54;那不勒斯,55;草莓,56又见冰糕。
“冰淇淋”是的标题,因为这是读者会想要查找的整体概念。冒号后面的元素是子条目,或在主标题的品种(在这种情况下,特定类型的冰淇淋)。了“又见”元素是一个交叉引用,因为它表明该附加的,相似的信息可以在另一个条目中找到的读者。的定位器的页码。
该类型的标题索引包括将取决于你的文字具体怎么是。例如,一本书的自行车维修可能不会用“自行车”作为标题,因为它会产生一个巨大的结果列表。然而,对于这本书好头可能是你可能需要修复自行车的零件,如齿轮,轮子的自行车,或骑自行车链条。 ,涉及到这些关键方面,如轮辐键,胎压,或润滑剂而言,也可以是有帮助的。
对运输方法的书可以用“自行车”作为标题,因为它是运输的主要类型,以便读者可能想找到它。
传记的指数总是会包括谁是其主体,往往有许多小标题最长的条目人的名字为首的条目。谁已经被多个名称认识的人也可以有单独的指向主入口,比如“布莱尔,埃里克·亚瑟,看乔治·奥威尔”。
请记住术语一长串实际上可以导致重复和混乱,以及阻碍你的构建和编制索引的能力。因此,如果可能的话,请作者术语列表限制为仅必不可少的。

回顾整个文字和标注任何关键字或主要议题。要特别注意的章节标题,引见,结论和文本的整体结构。
瞄准每个关键点和主要思想,最小的大约两到三个指数夹杂物。
如果您使用的是具有索引功能字处理程序,开始标注任何主题或关键条款是您阅读。
您还可以即时贴,索引卡,或任何类型的书面速记,将帮助您找到术语和主题很容易。看看逐章,逐节文章,以确保您已经确定了所有可能的关键术语和主题。
虽然文字编辑是不是建立索引的主要目的,你会做文字的通读,所以你不妨利用这个机会来捕捉和纠正你可能已经错过了任何挥之不去的错误。

An index, while never the most glamorous section of any writing project, is essential to the readability and usability of longer nonfiction pieces, technical articles, and books. It is an alphabetical listing of keywords and concepts in the text. It contains “pointers” to those words and concepts, which are usually page, section, or paragraph numbers. It generally appears at the end of a work. Building one need not be a chore, but it should not be an afterthought, either. It’s important to make an index that is useful and comprehensive for your readers, but doesn’t occupy too much of your valuable research and writing time. If you think it might, don’t worry; you can hire a professional index writer.

Identify what needs to be indexed. There are several elements that must be indexed in any text, including:
The entire text of the book, including the introduction and any content notes
If the footnotes and/or endnotes continue or expand on the text, they should be indexed. However, if the footnotes and/or endnotes are source citations, they should not be indexed.
Depending on the field, you may need to index every author named in the text. Check with the publisher about this requirement. It may appear as a separate author index, or be included in your general index.

Recognize what not to index. A good index is selective, not exhaustive. Don’t index things that are not central or important concepts or keywords.
Avoid indexing minor mentions. For example, if a famous person’s name has been mentioned in a quote but is not discussed anywhere else in the text, this person’s name is not index-worthy. Ask yourself: is there something substantial to read about the word or concept within the text? If the answer is no, it does not need to be indexed.
Do not include title pages, dedications, epigraphs, lists of illustrations and tables, and acknowledgements in the index.
Do not include glossaries or bibliographies in the index.
Do not index names of people, places, things, or concepts that are only used as examples or brief mentions.
In general, do not index illustrative items like tables, charts, pictures, etc.

Identify what will become your entries. The entries in an index are the major concepts and keywords that a reader is likely to search for in the text. Entries consist of headings (or main headings), subentries, cross-references, and locators.
For example, a full entry in an index might look like this: ice cream, varieties of: lemon, 54; Neapolitan, 55; strawberry, 56. See also sorbet.
”Ice cream” is the heading, as it is the overall concept that readers will want to locate. The elements after the colon are the subentries, or varieties of the main heading (in this case, specific types of ice cream). The “see also” element is a cross-reference, as it suggests to readers that additional, similar information can be found in another entry. The locators are the page numbers.
The type of headings your index includes will depend on how specific your text is. For example, a book on bicycle maintenance would likely not use “bicycle” as a header, because it would generate a huge list of results. However, good headers for this book could be a parts of a bike you may need to fix, such as gears, bike wheels, or bike chain. Terms that relate to these key terms, such as spoke key, tire pressure, or lubricant, could also be helpful.
A book on methods of transportation could use “bicycle” as a header, since it is a major type of transportation, and so readers are likely to want to locate it.
A biography’s index will always include an entry headed with the name of the person who is its subject, often the longest entry with many sub-headings. People who have been known by more than one name may also have separate pointers to the main entry, for instance “Blair, Eric Arthur, see George Orwell”.
Keep in mind a long list of terms can actually cause duplicates and confusion, as well as hinder your ability to structure and compile an index. So if possible, ask the author to limit the list of terms to only essential ones.

Review the entire text and mark any keywords or main topics. Pay particular attention to the section headings, the introductions, conclusions and the overall structure of the text.
Aim for about two to three index inclusions per key point and main idea, minimum.
If you are using a word processing program that has indexing features, begin tagging any topics or key terms are you read.
You can also sticky notes, index cards, or any type of written shorthand that will help you find terms and topics easily. Look at the text chapter by chapter, section by section, to ensure you have identified all the possible key terms and topics.
While copyediting is not the main purpose of building an index, you will be doing a thorough reading of the text so you may wish to use the opportunity to catch and correct any lingering errors you may have missed.

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