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批判性写推荐信RL的方法

如何批判创作推荐信RL?总所周知推荐RL对于留学生来说很重要,那么怎样写好留学推荐信RL就也是一个重点问题了,这篇文章就为大家介绍入境进行批判性写作推荐信RL

批判性写推荐信RL的方法

写作以及需要天赋和技巧,但它也需要实践和反馈,以评估这种做法的结果。成功地批评创作需要知道什么是对写作很重要的,什么是对作家接受批判重要。下面的步骤提供了如何以批判创作他人的方向。

如果没有先被要求批评的工作。谁是最开放的有他们的工作被他人读取和评估的作家是那些谁提出要求。通常情况下,谁也无法处理反馈作家都不愿意把自己的工作出来批判。

了解作家期望什么样的批判。讨论什么样的反馈作家正在寻找您查看稿件之前。如果笔者告诉你,他或她已经遇到了麻烦写的手稿内的特定通道,集中你的上通行的努力。如果writer寻找与拼写,标点和语法的帮助,提供尽你的能力。

如果笔者遇到仅作为寻找自我中风,你可能想礼貌地拒绝做一个批判的要求。

饱读,最好是在写作的体裁。如果你在写作,比如是科幻小说的忠实读者,如果要求别人批评的科幻小说手稿的类型或区域背景的批判会更有效。如果你没有很好地阅读给定的流派,您可能仍然能够批判工作,为写作的整体素质,如果是那样的作家找什么要批评是问你。

能够写出相当好自己。作为饱读并能写的很好通常会手牵手,而不是自动。如果你经常混淆的词语,如“房客”和“宗旨,以”写不完整的句子没有正当理由,并圈点不规则,你可能不会去批判别人的写作的最佳人选。

但是,如果你写的很好,承认你的写作风格是没有必要写一个给定的故事或文章的唯一或最佳途径。你应该熟悉的几个写作风格和观点,以便有效地批判创作。

念稿子仔细地。读取手稿批判它需要读取更详细和深度比阅读乐趣。您正在阅读的内容,连贯,语法,标点和样式的文本。仔细阅读课文,做笔记,当您去,无论是在手稿的边缘或在另一张纸上。重新读取任何困难的通道,如果你有时间,整个手稿。

如果你正在阅读的文字处理文档的稿件,可以使用字处理程序的评论功能提出意见。

如果碰上你不明白一个字,看看它,无论是在硬拷贝字典或联机。同时查找包含在您有问题的稿件任何历史或科学信息。

满足您的批判手稿,而不是作家。批判中的注释应该是任“这一部分需要”或者“我不理解这句话,”不自然“你需要”。

与你的工作有什么总结开头。你认为这个故事国家是关于什么的作者试图用它来完成。这让笔者知道他或她如何能够故事的关键主题传达给你。

告诉笔者什么工作,为什么。慧眼识写的部分,哪些是你喜欢他们。指出作者的长处,结合具体的实例,如“我喜欢你的角色的细节,如描述她作为是她的母亲酷似给你的女主人公一样的中间名是她的母亲,除了”。同时指出事物笔者得到了“正确的”,似乎是他或她强区之外。

告诉笔者什么没有工作,为什么,以及提出如何解决它。正如描述的优势,提供以积极的方式细节。不要说:“这个词”说,“在这段话是弱,”没有作出解释;而是说:“这个词”说,“在这段话是弱,因为你已经建立的字符被吓坏了。你可能想使用单词’颤抖’代替。”

如果你不舒服的流派或写作风格,承认这一点,在你的不适可能对你的工作的看法产生影响的那些点。这将让笔者知道是否驳回您的意见或找另一个人比较熟悉的流派或写作风格的批评。

给笔者他或她需要引用纳入您的反馈时。更完成您的反馈意见,并更有效地将它呈现给作家,更容易和更容易,他或她将将其纳入未来的修订。你如何展示它取决于你是否口头提供反馈,以书面或电子。

如果你口头批评稿件,组织你想,一定要彻底覆盖它们的要点。指向的具体稿件的地方,并尽可能提供作家笔记的复印件。

如果你批评写作中的手稿(硬拷贝),查看您的清晰和一致的批评。给作家手稿的复印件与您的标记和意见,并有单独的反馈文件。

如果你的电子批评稿件,您可以在标记的手稿做一个“另存为”,接受新副本标记的变化,然后用不同但相关的名称保存它从原稿,如“ManuscriptCleanCopy”。如果你包括有关在电子邮件中评论稿件,切割和手稿到电子邮件的粘贴部分在适当情况下,如果发送丰富文本格式的电子邮件使用的是不同的文本颜色或字体。

 

How to Critique Creative Writing

Writing well requires talent and skill, but it also requires practice and feedback to evaluate the results of that practice. Critiquing creative writing successfully requires knowing what’s important to the writing and what’s important to the writer receiving the critique. The following steps offer direction in how to critique creative writing for others.

Don’t critique the work without first being asked to. The writers who are most open to having their work read and evaluated by others are those who ask for it. Usually, writers who can’t handle feedback aren’t willing to put their work out for critiquing.

Understand what kind of critique the writer expects. Discuss what kind of feedback the writer is looking for before you review the manuscript. If the writer tells you he or she has had trouble writing a particular passage within the manuscript, focus your efforts on that passage. If the writer is looking for help with spelling, punctuation, and grammar, provide that to the best of your ability.

If the writer comes across solely as looking for an ego stroke, you may want to politely decline the request to do a critique.

Be well-read, preferably in the genre of the writing. Your critique will be more effective if you have a background in the genre or area of the writing, such as being an avid reader of science fiction if asked to critique someone’s science fiction manuscript. If you aren’t well read a given genre, you may still be able to critique the work for the overall quality of the writing, if that’s what the writer looking to be critiqued is asking you for.

Be able to write reasonably well yourself. Being well-read and being able to write well usually go hand-in-hand, but not automatically. If you regularly confuse words such as “tenant” and “tenet,” write incomplete sentences without good reason, and punctuate irregularly, you’re probably not the best candidate to critique someone else’s writing.

However, if you do write well, recognize that your style of writing is not necessary the only or best way to write a given story or article. You should be familiar with several writing styles and points of view in order to critique creative writing effectively.

Read the manuscript over carefully. Reading a manuscript to critique it requires reading in more detail and depth than reading for pleasure. You’re reading the text for content, consistency, grammar, punctuation, and style. Read the text carefully, making notes as you go, either in the margins of the manuscript or on a separate piece of paper. Re-read any difficult passages and, if you have time, the entire manuscript.

If you’re reading the manuscript in a word processing document, you can use the word processing program’s comments feature to make comments.

If you run into a word you don’t understand, look it up, either in a hard-copy dictionary or online. Also look up any historical or scientific information included in the manuscript that you have questions about.

Address your critique to the manuscript, not to the writer. Comments within the critique should be in the nature of either “This section needs �” or “I didn’t understand this sentence,” not “You need to.”

Begin with a summary of what you got from the work. State what you thought the story was about and what the author was trying to accomplish with it. This lets the writer know how well he or she was able to communicate the story’s key themes to you.

Tell the author what worked, and why. Identify what parts of the writing and what you liked about them. Point out the author’s strengths, with specific examples, such as “I liked the details in your characters, such as giving your heroine the same middle name as her mother, in addition to describing her as being a dead ringer for her mother.” Also point out things the author got “right” that seem to be outside his or her strong areas.

Tell the author what didn’t work, why, and suggest how to fix it. As with describing the strengths, provide specifics in a positive way. Don’t say, “This word ‘said’ in this passage is weak,” without an explanation; instead, say, “The word ‘said’ in this passage is weak because you’ve established that the character is frightened. You might want to use the word ‘quavered’ instead.”

If you’re not comfortable with the genre or writing style, acknowledge it in those points where your discomforts might have an impact on your view of the work. That will let the writer know whether to dismiss your comments or to look for a critique from another person more familiar with the genre or writing style.

Give the author what he or she needs to refer to when incorporating your feedback. The more complete your feedback, and the more effectively you present it to the writer, the easier and more likely he or she will be to incorporate it into future revisions. How you present it depends on whether you are providing feedback orally, in writing, or electronically.

If you’re critiquing the manuscript orally, organize the points you want to make and be sure to cover them thoroughly. Point to specific places in the manuscript where possible and provide the writer with a copy of your notes.

If you’re critiquing the manuscript in writing (hard copy), review your critique for clarity and consistency. Give the writer a copy of the manuscript with your markup and comments and a separate feedback document.

If you’re critiquing the manuscript electronically, you can do a “Save As” on the marked-up manuscript, accept the marked-up changes on the new copy, and then save it with a different but related name from the original manuscript, such as “ManuscriptCleanCopy.” If you’re including comments about the manuscript in the email, cut and paste sections of the manuscript into the email where appropriate, using a different text color or font if sending the email in rich text format.

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